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Sensors 2019, 19(3), 623; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19030623

A Highly Selective and Sensitive Fluorescent Chemosensor for Detecting Al3+ Ion in Aqueous Solution and Plant Systems

1
Department of Chemistry, National Changhua University of Education, Changhua 50058, Taiwan
2
Department of Biology, National Changhua University of Education, Changhua 50058, Taiwan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 December 2018 / Revised: 29 January 2019 / Accepted: 31 January 2019 / Published: 1 February 2019
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Abstract

The solubilized form of aluminum, Al3+, is present under acid soil conditions and toxic to both animals and plants. Detecting and quantifying Al3+ is vital for both chemistry and biology. A new Schiff-based fluorescent turn-on sensor (probe L) for the selective detection of the Al3+ ion was synthesized by coupling 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde and 2-aminoisoindoline-1,3-dione, and the structure was characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance spectra. The probe L exhibited an excellent selective and sensitive response to the Al3+ ion over other metal ions in DMSO-H2O (1:9 v/v). Fluorescence quantification revealed that probe L was promising for the detection and accumulation of Al3+. Treating rice seedlings with Al3+ at 25–200 μM inhibited their growth. Al3+ treatment produced reactive oxygen species in rice roots. Practical applications of the fluorescent probe for the quantification of Al3+ in water samples and rice seedlings are demonstrated. Detecting the Al3+ ion with the probe L is easy and a potential alternative to existing analytical methods. The method can be used for detecting the Al3+ content of aqueous solution and plant systems. The novel fluorescent probe L has good potential for monitoring Al3+ content in the environment and biological systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: aluminum; rice seedlings; fluorescence aluminum; rice seedlings; fluorescence
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Li, C.-L.; Lu, P.-H.; Fu, S.-F.; Wu, A.-T. A Highly Selective and Sensitive Fluorescent Chemosensor for Detecting Al3+ Ion in Aqueous Solution and Plant Systems. Sensors 2019, 19, 623.

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