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Sensors 2018, 18(8), 2620; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18082620

Design and Implementation of a Novel Polarimetric Active Radar Calibrator for Gaofen-3 SAR

1,2,3,* , 1,2
,
1,2,3
,
1,2
and
1,2
1
Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
2
National Key Laboratory of Sciences and Technology on Microwave Imaging, Beijing 100190, China
3
Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 June 2018 / Revised: 7 August 2018 / Accepted: 8 August 2018 / Published: 10 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue First Experiences with Chinese Gaofen-3 SAR Sensor)
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Abstract

The Chinese first fully polarimetric space-borne synthetic aperture radar (SAR)-Gaofen-3 (GF-3) was launched in August 2016, which operates at the C-band and the resolution can reach 1 m. Polarimetric SAR calibration is a procedure that corrects the polarization distortion of a measured scattering matrix by referring to the scattering matrix of a known target. The present paper describes the principle, design, manufacture, and measurement results of a novel polarimetric active radar calibrator (PARC) designed for GF-3. A new design method for PARC was presented and two dual-polarized antennas with very high polarization purity were used. The internal calibration technique was introduced to ensure balance in the amplitude and phase, which ensures the precision of the PARC’s scattering matrices. The results we obtained through measurement in the microwave anechoic chamber and experiments in in-orbit calibration agree well with the theoretical predictions, and the novel PARC presented is proved to be well suited for polarization and radiometric calibration of GF-3. View Full-Text
Keywords: GF-3; transponder; polarimetric active radar calibrator; SAR calibration GF-3; transponder; polarimetric active radar calibrator; SAR calibration
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Li, L.; Zhu, Y.; Hong, J.; Ming, F.; Wang, Y. Design and Implementation of a Novel Polarimetric Active Radar Calibrator for Gaofen-3 SAR. Sensors 2018, 18, 2620.

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