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Open AccessArticle

Label-Free Impedance Sensing of Aflatoxin B1 with Polyaniline Nanofibers/Au Nanoparticle Electrode Array

School of Integrative Engineering, Chung-Ang University, Heukseok-dong, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 06974, Korea
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Sensors 2018, 18(5), 1320; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18051320
Received: 5 April 2018 / Revised: 21 April 2018 / Accepted: 21 April 2018 / Published: 24 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Biosensors)
Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is produced by the Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus group of fungi which is most hepatotoxic and hepatocarcinogenic and occurs as a contaminant in a variety of foods. AFB1 is mutagenic, teratogenic, and causes immunosuppression in animals and is mostly found in peanuts, corn, and food grains. Therefore, novel methodologies of sensitive and expedient strategy are often required to detect mycotoxins at the lowest level. Herein, we report an electrochemical impedance sensor that selectively detects AFB1 at the lowest level by utilizing polyaniline nanofibers (PANI) coated with gold (Au) nanoparticles composite based indium tin oxide (ITO) disk electrodes. The Au-PANI nanocomposites were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The composite electrode exhibited a 14-fold decrement in |Z|1 Hz in comparison with the bare electrode. The Au-PANI acted as an effective sensing platform having high surface area, electrochemical conductivity, and biocompatibility which enabled greater loading deposits of capture antibodies. As a result, the presence of AFB1 was screened with high sensitivity and stability by monitoring the changes in impedance magnitude (|Z|) in the presence of a standard iron probe which was target specific and proportional to logarithmic AFB1 concentrations (CAFB1). The sensor exhibits a linear range 0.1 to 100 ng/mL with a detection limit (3σ) of 0.05 ng/mL and possesses good reproducibility and high selectivity against another fungal mycotoxin, Ochratoxin A (OTA). With regard to the practicability, the proposed sensor was successfully applied to spiked corn samples and proved excellent potential for AFB1 detection and development of point-of-care (POC) disease sensing applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: polyaniline; Au nanoparticles; aflatoxin B1; impedance; microdisk electrodes; immunosensor; antibody; electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) polyaniline; Au nanoparticles; aflatoxin B1; impedance; microdisk electrodes; immunosensor; antibody; electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS)
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Yagati, A.K.; Chavan, S.G.; Baek, C.; Lee, M.-H.; Min, J. Label-Free Impedance Sensing of Aflatoxin B1 with Polyaniline Nanofibers/Au Nanoparticle Electrode Array. Sensors 2018, 18, 1320.

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