A Bayesian Density Model Based Radio Signal Fingerprinting Positioning Method for Enhanced Usability
AbstractIndoor navigation and location-based services increasingly show promising marketing prospects. Indoor positioning based on Wi-Fi radio signal has been studied for more than a decade because Wi-Fi, a signal of opportunity without extra cost, is extensively deployed for internet connections. Bayesian fingerprinting positioning, a classical Wi-Fi-based indoor positioning method, consists of two phases: radio map learning and position inference. Thus far, the application of Bayesian fingerprinting positioning is limited due to its poor usability; radio map learning requires an adequate number of received signal strength indication (RSSI) observables at each reference point, long-term fieldwork, and high development and maintenance costs. In this paper, based on a statistical analysis of actual RSSI observables, a Weibull–Bayesian density model is proposed to represent the probability density of Wi-Fi RSSI observables. The Weibull model, which is parameterized with three parameters that can be calculated with fewer samples, can calculate the probability density with a higher accuracy than the traditional histogram method. Furthermore, the parameterized Weibull model can simplify the radio map by storing only three parameters that can restore the whole probability density, i.e., it is not necessary to store the probability distribution based on traditionally separated RSSI bins. Bayesian positioning inference is performed in the positioning phase using probability density rather than the traditional probability distribution of predefined RSSI bins. The proposed method was implemented on an Android smartphone, and the performance was evaluated in different indoor environments. Results revealed that the proposed method enhanced the usability of Wi-Fi Bayesian fingerprinting positioning by requiring fewer RSSI observables and improved the positioning accuracy by 19–32% in different building environments compared with the classic histogram-based method, even when more samples were used. View Full-Text
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Li, Z.; Liu, J.; Yang, F.; Niu, X.; Li, L.; Wang, Z.; Chen, R. A Bayesian Density Model Based Radio Signal Fingerprinting Positioning Method for Enhanced Usability. Sensors 2018, 18, 4063.
Li Z, Liu J, Yang F, Niu X, Li L, Wang Z, Chen R. A Bayesian Density Model Based Radio Signal Fingerprinting Positioning Method for Enhanced Usability. Sensors. 2018; 18(11):4063.Chicago/Turabian Style
Li, Zheng; Liu, Jingbin; Yang, Fan; Niu, Xiaoguang; Li, Leilei; Wang, Zemin; Chen, Ruizhi. 2018. "A Bayesian Density Model Based Radio Signal Fingerprinting Positioning Method for Enhanced Usability." Sensors 18, no. 11: 4063.
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