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Sensors 2017, 17(10), 2400; https://doi.org/10.3390/s17102400

The Multi-Parameter Wireless Sensing System (MPwise): Its Description and Application to Earthquake Risk Mitigation

1
Helmholtz Center Potsdam—GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Helmholtzstrasse 7, 14467 Potsdam, Germany
2
Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale—OGS, Borgo Grotta Gigante 42/C—34010—Sgonico (TS ), Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 September 2017 / Revised: 12 October 2017 / Accepted: 18 October 2017 / Published: 20 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract

The Multi-Parameter Wireless Sensing (MPwise) system is an innovative instrumental design that allows different sensor types to be combined with relatively high-performance computing and communications components. These units, which incorporate off-the-shelf components, can undertake complex information integration and processing tasks at the individual unit or node level (when used in a network), allowing the establishment of networks that are linked by advanced, robust and rapid communications routing and network topologies. The system (and its predecessors) was originally designed for earthquake risk mitigation, including earthquake early warning (EEW), rapid response actions, structural health monitoring, and site-effect characterization. For EEW, MPwise units are capable of on-site, decentralized, independent analysis of the recorded ground motion and based on this, may issue an appropriate warning, either by the unit itself or transmitted throughout a network by dedicated alarming procedures. The multi-sensor capabilities of the system allow it to be instrumented with standard strong- and weak-motion sensors, broadband sensors, MEMS (namely accelerometers), cameras, temperature and humidity sensors, and GNSS receivers. In this work, the MPwise hardware, software and communications schema are described, as well as an overview of its possible applications. While focusing on earthquake risk mitigation actions, the aim in the future is to expand its capabilities towards a more multi-hazard and risk mitigation role. Overall, MPwise offers considerable flexibility and has great potential in contributing to natural hazard risk mitigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural hazard and risk; EEW; multi-hazard/risk; rapid response; monitoring natural hazard and risk; EEW; multi-hazard/risk; rapid response; monitoring
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Boxberger, T.; Fleming, K.; Pittore, M.; Parolai, S.; Pilz, M.; Mikulla, S. The Multi-Parameter Wireless Sensing System (MPwise): Its Description and Application to Earthquake Risk Mitigation. Sensors 2017, 17, 2400.

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