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Open AccessArticle

Sulfonate-Functionalized Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles as Carriers for Controlled Herbicide Diquat Dibromide Release through Electrostatic Interaction

1
Key Laboratory of Integrated Pest Management in Crops, Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, No. 2 Yuanmingyuan West Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100193, China
2
Henan Provincial Engineering and Technology Research Center for Controlled Pesticide and Fertilizer Release, Henan Haonianjing Biological Development Co., Ltd., Yangjin Industrial park, Jinshui District, Zhengzhou 450000, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(6), 1330; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20061330
Received: 14 January 2019 / Revised: 12 March 2019 / Accepted: 13 March 2019 / Published: 16 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mesoporous Materials: From Synthesis to Applications)
Environmental stimuli-responsive pesticide release is desirable for enhanced efficiency and reduced side effects. In most cases, the loading and release of pesticides mainly depends on hydrophobic interactions and hydrogen bonding. Electrostatic interaction is less investigated as a weapon for achieving high loading content and controlled pesticide release. In this work, negative-charge decorated mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) were facilely fabricated by introducing sulfonate groups onto MSNs through a post-grafting method. Sulfonate-functionalized MSNs (MSN-SO3) were synthesized by conversion of epoxy group into sulfonate group using a bisulfite ion as a ring opening reagent. Diquat dibromide (DQ), one of the globally used quaternary ammonium herbicides, was efficiently loaded into these negatively charged MSN-SO3 nanoparticles. The loading content was increased to 12.73% compared to those using bare MSNs as carriers (5.31%). The release of DQ from [email protected]3 nanoparticles was pH and ionic strength responsive, which was chiefly governed by the electrostatic interactions. Moreover, [email protected]3 nanoparticles exhibited good herbicidal activity for the control of Datura stramonium L., and the bioactivity was affected by the ionic strength of the release medium. The strategy of cargo loading and release dependent on the electrostatic interactions could be generally used for charge-carrying pesticides using carriers possessing opposite charges to mitigate the potential negative impacts on the environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: mesoporous silica nanoparticles; diquat dibromide; electrostatic interaction; controlled release; bioactivity mesoporous silica nanoparticles; diquat dibromide; electrostatic interaction; controlled release; bioactivity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shan, Y.; Cao, L.; Xu, C.; Zhao, P.; Cao, C.; Li, F.; Xu, B.; Huang, Q. Sulfonate-Functionalized Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles as Carriers for Controlled Herbicide Diquat Dibromide Release through Electrostatic Interaction. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 1330.

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