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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(3), 791; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20030791

Response of Tibetan Wild Barley Genotypes to Drought Stress and Identification of Quantitative Trait Loci by Genome-Wide Association Analysis

1
Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Zijingang Campus, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
2
Institute of Applied Biology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
3
Jiangsu Co-Innovation Center for Modern Production Technology of Grain Crops, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
4
School of Science and Health, Hawkesbury Campus, University of Western Sydney, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 January 2019 / Revised: 6 February 2019 / Accepted: 7 February 2019 / Published: 12 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mechanisms of Drought Stress Tolerance in Plants)
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Abstract

Tibetan wild barley has been identified to show large genetic variation and stress tolerance. A genome-wide association (GWA) analysis was performed to detect quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for drought tolerance using 777 Diversity Array Technology (DArT) markers and morphological and physiological traits of 166 Tibetan wild barley accessions in both hydroponic and pot experiments. Large genotypic variation for these traits was found; and population structure and kinship analysis identified three subpopulations among these barley genotypes. The average LD (linkage disequilibrium) decay distance was 5.16 cM, with the minimum on 6H (0.03 cM) and the maximum on 4H (23.48 cM). A total of 91 DArT markers were identified to be associated with drought tolerance-related traits, with 33, 26, 16, 1, 3, and 12 associations for morphological traits, H+K+-ATPase activity, antioxidant enzyme activities, malondialdehyde (MDA) content, soluble protein content, and potassium concentration, respectively. Furthermore, 7 and 24 putative candidate genes were identified based on the reference Meta-QTL map and by searching the Barleymap. The present study implicated that Tibetan annual wild barley from Qinghai–Tibet Plateau is rich in genetic variation for drought stress. The QTLs detected by genome-wide association analysis could be used in marker-assisting breeding for drought-tolerant barley genotypes and provide useful information for discovery and functional analysis of key genes in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: Diversity Array Technology (DArT) markers; Hordeum vulgare L. ssp. vulgare; drought stress; quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping; genome-wide association (GWA) Diversity Array Technology (DArT) markers; Hordeum vulgare L. ssp. vulgare; drought stress; quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping; genome-wide association (GWA)
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Zhang, M.; Fu, M.-M.; Qiu, C.-W.; Cao, F.; Chen, Z.-H.; Zhang, G.; Wu, F. Response of Tibetan Wild Barley Genotypes to Drought Stress and Identification of Quantitative Trait Loci by Genome-Wide Association Analysis. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 791.

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