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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(2), 186;

Liensinine- and Neferine-Induced Cardiotoxicity in Primary Neonatal Rat Cardiomyocytes and Human-Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Cardiomyocytes

School of Chinese Materia Medica, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, No. 6 Wangjing Zhong Huan South Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100102, China
Beijing Institute of Genomics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 1 Beichen West Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101, China
First Affiliated Hospital, Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Heping Road, Xiangfang District, Harbin 150040, China
Beijing Institute of Heart Lung and Blood Vessel Disease, 2 Anzhen Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 5 December 2015 / Revised: 22 January 2016 / Accepted: 25 January 2016 / Published: 29 January 2016
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Due to drug-induced potential congestive heart failure and irreversible dilated cardiomyopathies, preclinical evaluation of cardiac dysfunction is important to assess the safety of traditional or novel treatments. The embryos of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertner seeds are a homology of traditional Chinese medicine and food. In this study, we applied the real time cellular analysis (RTCA) Cardio system, which can real-time monitor the contractility of cardiomyocytes (CMs), to evaluate drug safety in rat neonatal CMs and human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPS-CMs). This study showed detailed biomechanical CM contractility in vitro, and provided insights into the cardiac dysfunctions associated with liensinine and neferine treatment. These effects exhibited dose and time-dependent recovery. Neferine showed stronger blocking effect in rat neonatal CMs than liensinine. In addition, the effects of liensinine and neferine were further evaluated on hiPS-CMs. Our study also indicated that both liensinine and neferine can cause disruption of calcium homeostasis. For the first time, we demonstrated the potential cardiac side effects of liensinine or neferine. While the same inhibition was observed on hiPS-CMs, more importantly, this study introduced an efficient and effective approach to evaluate the cardiotoxicity of the existing and novel drug candidates. View Full-Text
Keywords: liensinine; neferine; cardiotoxicity; hiPS-CM; real-time analysis liensinine; neferine; cardiotoxicity; hiPS-CM; real-time analysis

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Yu, Y.; Sun, S.; Wang, S.; Zhang, Q.; Li, M.; Lan, F.; Li, S.; Liu, C. Liensinine- and Neferine-Induced Cardiotoxicity in Primary Neonatal Rat Cardiomyocytes and Human-Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Cardiomyocytes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 186.

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