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Open AccessReview

Thermostable Carbonic Anhydrases in Biotechnological Applications

Istituto di Biostrutture e Bioimmagini-CNR, via Mezzocannone 16, 80134 Napoli, Italy
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Charles A. Collyer
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(7), 15456-15480;
Received: 26 May 2015 / Revised: 1 July 2015 / Accepted: 2 July 2015 / Published: 8 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Protein Crystallography in Molecular Biology 2015)
Carbonic anhydrases are ubiquitous metallo-enzymes which catalyze the reversible hydration of carbon dioxide in bicarbonate ions and protons. Recent years have seen an increasing interest in the utilization of these enzymes in CO2 capture and storage processes. However, since this use is greatly limited by the harsh conditions required in these processes, the employment of thermostable enzymes, both those isolated by thermophilic organisms and those obtained by protein engineering techniques, represents an interesting possibility. In this review we will provide an extensive description of the thermostable carbonic anhydrases so far reported and the main processes in which these enzymes have found an application. View Full-Text
Keywords: CO2 capture process; thermostable enzyme; carbonic anhydrases; protein engineering CO2 capture process; thermostable enzyme; carbonic anhydrases; protein engineering
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MDPI and ACS Style

Di Fiore, A.; Alterio, V.; Monti, S.M.; De Simone, G.; D'Ambrosio, K. Thermostable Carbonic Anhydrases in Biotechnological Applications. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 15456-15480.

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