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Open AccessArticle

Genome-Wide Identification and Analysis of the VQ Motif-Containing Protein Family in Chinese Cabbage (Brassica rapa L. ssp. Pekinensis)

1
College of Horticulture, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, China
2
Shandong Key Laboratory of Greenhouse Vegetable Biology, Shandong Branch of National Vegetable Improvement Center, Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Jinan 250100, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Marcello Iriti
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(12), 28683-28704; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms161226127
Received: 1 November 2015 / Revised: 24 November 2015 / Accepted: 26 November 2015 / Published: 2 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Innate Immunity)
Previous studies have showed that the VQ motif–containing proteins in Arabidopsis thaliana and Oryza sativa play an important role in plant growth, development, and stress responses. However, little is known about the functions of the VQ genes in Brassica rapa (Chinese cabbage). In this study, we performed genome-wide identification, characterization, and expression analysis of the VQ genes in Chinese cabbage, especially under adverse environment. We identified 57 VQ genes and classified them into seven subgroups (I–VII), which were dispersedly distributed on chromosomes 1 to 10. The expansion of these genes mainly contributed to segmental and tandem duplication. Fifty-four VQ genes contained no introns and 50 VQ proteins were less than 300 amino acids in length. Quantitative real-time PCR showed that the VQ genes were differentially expressed in various tissues and during different abiotic stresses and plant hormone treatments. This study provides a comprehensive overview of Chinese cabbage VQ genes and will benefit the molecular breeding for resistance to stresses and disease, as well as further studies on the biological functions of the VQ proteins. View Full-Text
Keywords: VQ motif-containing proteins; Chinese cabbage; expression patterns VQ motif-containing proteins; Chinese cabbage; expression patterns
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, G.; Wang, F.; Li, J.; Ding, Q.; Zhang, Y.; Li, H.; Zhang, J.; Gao, J. Genome-Wide Identification and Analysis of the VQ Motif-Containing Protein Family in Chinese Cabbage (Brassica rapa L. ssp. Pekinensis). Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 28683-28704.

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