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Article

Incidence of Fusarium Mycotoxins in Wheat and Maize from Albania

1
Institute of Food Safety, Feed and Environment, Veterinary Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Gerbičeva 60, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
2
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Tirana, Boulevard Zogu 1, 25, 1016 Tirana, Albania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Molecules 2021, 26(1), 172; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26010172
Received: 30 November 2020 / Revised: 24 December 2020 / Accepted: 28 December 2020 / Published: 31 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Analytical Methods for Mycotoxin Analysis)
In this study, ten Fusarium toxins were analysed in wheat and maize commodities from Albania. In total, 71 samples of wheat and 45 samples of maize were collected from different producing regions. The analytical procedure consisted of a simple one-step sample extraction followed by the determination of toxins using liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. Fusarium toxins were found in 23% of the analysed wheat samples and in 78% of maize samples. In maize samples, most often fumonisins B1 (FB1) and B2 (FB2) were found. They were present in 76% of samples. They were detected in all positive samples except in one with concentrations ranging from 59.9 to 16,970 μg/kg. The sum of FB1 and FB2 exceeded the EU maximum permitted level (4000 μg/kg) in 31% of maize samples. In wheat samples, the only detected Fusarium mycotoxin was deoxynivalenol (DON), present in 23% of samples. In one sample with the concentration of 1916 μg/kg, the EU maximum permitted level (1250 μg/kg) was exceeded. This is the first report on the presence of Fusarium toxins in wheat and maize grains cultivated in Albania. View Full-Text
Keywords: Fusarium toxins; deoxynivalenol; fumonisins; maize; wheat; Albania Fusarium toxins; deoxynivalenol; fumonisins; maize; wheat; Albania
MDPI and ACS Style

Topi, D.; Babič, J.; Pavšič-Vrtač, K.; Tavčar-Kalcher, G.; Jakovac-Strajn, B. Incidence of Fusarium Mycotoxins in Wheat and Maize from Albania. Molecules 2021, 26, 172. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26010172

AMA Style

Topi D, Babič J, Pavšič-Vrtač K, Tavčar-Kalcher G, Jakovac-Strajn B. Incidence of Fusarium Mycotoxins in Wheat and Maize from Albania. Molecules. 2021; 26(1):172. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26010172

Chicago/Turabian Style

Topi, Dritan, Janja Babič, Katarina Pavšič-Vrtač, Gabrijela Tavčar-Kalcher, and Breda Jakovac-Strajn. 2021. "Incidence of Fusarium Mycotoxins in Wheat and Maize from Albania" Molecules 26, no. 1: 172. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26010172

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