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Communication

Rapid Detection and Quantification of Patulin and Citrinin Contamination in Fruits

1
Department of Food Sciences, Institute of Postharvest and Food Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion 7528809, Israel
2
The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 7610001, Israel
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Terenzio Bertuzzi, Chiara Lanzanova and Sabrina Locatelli
Molecules 2021, 26(15), 4545; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26154545
Received: 18 June 2021 / Revised: 22 July 2021 / Accepted: 26 July 2021 / Published: 27 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Analytical Methods for Mycotoxin Analysis)
Patulin (PAT) and citrinin (CTN) are the most common mycotoxins produced by Penicillium and Aspergillus species and are often associated with fruits and fruit by-products. Hence, simple and reliable methods for monitoring these toxins in foodstuffs are required for regular quality assessment. In this study, we aimed to establish a cost-effective method for detection and quantification of PAT and CTN in pome fruits, such as apples and pears, using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with spectroscopic detectors without the need for any clean-up steps. The method showed good performance in the analysis of these mycotoxins in apple and pear fruit samples with recovery ranges of 55–97% for PAT and 84–101% for CTN, respectively. The limits of detection (LOD) of PAT and CTN in fruits were 0.006 µg/g and 0.001 µg/g, while their limits of quantification (LOQ) were 0.018 µg/g and 0.003 µg/g, respectively. The present findings indicate that the newly developed HPLC method provides rapid and accurate detection of PAT and CTN in fruits. View Full-Text
Keywords: mycotoxin detection; pome fruits; patulin; citrinin; HPLC mycotoxin detection; pome fruits; patulin; citrinin; HPLC
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sadhasivam, S.; Barda, O.; Zakin, V.; Reifen, R.; Sionov, E. Rapid Detection and Quantification of Patulin and Citrinin Contamination in Fruits. Molecules 2021, 26, 4545. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26154545

AMA Style

Sadhasivam S, Barda O, Zakin V, Reifen R, Sionov E. Rapid Detection and Quantification of Patulin and Citrinin Contamination in Fruits. Molecules. 2021; 26(15):4545. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26154545

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sadhasivam, Sudharsan, Omer Barda, Varda Zakin, Ram Reifen, and Edward Sionov. 2021. "Rapid Detection and Quantification of Patulin and Citrinin Contamination in Fruits" Molecules 26, no. 15: 4545. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26154545

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