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Open AccessArticle

Identification of a Quality Marker (Q-Marker) of Danhong Injection by the Zebrafish Thrombosis Model

1
College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
2
College of Preclinical Medicine, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou 310053, China
3
Shandong Buchang Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Heze 274000, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2017, 22(9), 1443; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules22091443
Received: 1 August 2017 / Revised: 24 August 2017 / Accepted: 25 August 2017 / Published: 31 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Herbal Medicine Research)
Quality-marker (Q-marker) is an emerging concept to ensure the quality and batch-to-batch consistency of Chinese medicine (CM). However, significant difficulties remain in the identification of Q-markers due to the unclear relationship between complex chemical compositions and the pharmacological efficacy of CM. In the present study, we proposed a novel strategy to identify the potential Q-marker of danhong injection (DHI) by an in vivo zebrafish thrombosis model. The anti-thrombotic effects of DHI and its major constituents were evaluated by the zebrafish model of arachidonic acid (AA)-induced thrombosis. The results indicated that DHI can attenuate tail venous thrombus and recover the decrease of heart red blood cell (RBC) intensity in a dose-dependent manner. The result that DHI prevented the formulation of thrombosis in zebrafish was also validated in the zebrafish thrombosis model with green fluorescence protein (GFP)-labeled hemoglobin. The major components of DHI, namely danshen (DS) and honghua (HH), as well as the major chemical constituents of DHI, also exerted anti-thrombotic effects, among which rosmarinic acid (RA) and p-coumaric acid (pCA) showed moderate anti-thrombotic effects. This is the first time that pCA from HH has been found as an active compound exerting an anti-thrombotic effect in a dose-dependent manner, whose IC50 value is approximately 147 μg/mL. By analyzing 10 batches of normal DHI samples and five abnormal samples by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), we found the contents of pCA and RA can be positively correlated to the anti-thrombotic effect of DHI, suggesting that pCA and RA could be potential Q-markers of DHI to ensure batch-to-batch consistency. Our findings illustrated that discovering major active compounds from CM by in vivo pharmacological models can be a useful approach to identifying Q-markers of CM, and in vivo pharmacological models can be a potential tool to evaluate batch-to-batch consistency of CMs. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chinese medicine; batch-to-batch consistency; zebrafish thrombosis model; rosmarinic acid; p-coumaric acid Chinese medicine; batch-to-batch consistency; zebrafish thrombosis model; rosmarinic acid; p-coumaric acid
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MDPI and ACS Style

Qi, Y.; Zhao, X.; Liu, H.; Wang, Y.; Zhao, C.; Zhao, T.; Zhao, B.; Wang, Y. Identification of a Quality Marker (Q-Marker) of Danhong Injection by the Zebrafish Thrombosis Model. Molecules 2017, 22, 1443. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules22091443

AMA Style

Qi Y, Zhao X, Liu H, Wang Y, Zhao C, Zhao T, Zhao B, Wang Y. Identification of a Quality Marker (Q-Marker) of Danhong Injection by the Zebrafish Thrombosis Model. Molecules. 2017; 22(9):1443. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules22091443

Chicago/Turabian Style

Qi, Yuqing; Zhao, Xiaoping; Liu, Hao; Wang, Yimin; Zhao, Chao; Zhao, Tao; Zhao, Buchang; Wang, Yi. 2017. "Identification of a Quality Marker (Q-Marker) of Danhong Injection by the Zebrafish Thrombosis Model" Molecules 22, no. 9: 1443. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules22091443

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