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Entropy 2019, 21(4), 350; https://doi.org/10.3390/e21040350

Making the Environment an Informative Place: A Conceptual Analysis of Epistemic Policies and Sensorimotor Coordination

Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies, National Research Council, 00185 Rome, Italy
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Received: 20 December 2018 / Revised: 20 March 2019 / Accepted: 25 March 2019 / Published: 30 March 2019
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Abstract

How do living organisms decide and act with limited and uncertain information? Here, we discuss two computational approaches to solving these challenging problems: a “cognitive” and a “sensorimotor” enrichment of stimuli, respectively. In both approaches, the key notion is that agents can strategically modulate their behavior in informative ways, e.g., to disambiguate amongst alternative hypotheses or to favor the perception of stimuli providing the information necessary to later act appropriately. We discuss how, despite their differences, both approaches appeal to the notion that actions must obey both epistemic (i.e., information-gathering or uncertainty-reducing) and pragmatic (i.e., goal- or reward-maximizing) imperatives and balance them. Our computationally-guided analysis reveals that epistemic behavior is fundamental to understanding several facets of cognitive processing, including perception, decision making, and social interaction. View Full-Text
Keywords: epistemic action; sensorimotor coordination; cognitive enrichment; sensorimotor enrichment; aliasing epistemic action; sensorimotor coordination; cognitive enrichment; sensorimotor enrichment; aliasing
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Pezzulo, G.; Nolfi, S. Making the Environment an Informative Place: A Conceptual Analysis of Epistemic Policies and Sensorimotor Coordination. Entropy 2019, 21, 350.

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