An efficient analytical method for electromyogram (EMG) signals is of great significance to research the inherent mechanism of a motor-control system. In this paper, we proposed an improved approach named wavelet-packet-based local band spectral entropy (WP-LBSE) by introducing the concept of frequency band local-energy (ELF) into the wavelet packet entropy, in order to characterize the time-varying complexity of the EMG signals in the local frequency band. The EMG data were recorded from the biceps brachii (BB) muscle and triceps brachii (TB) muscle at 40°, 100° and 180° of elbow flexion by 10 healthy participants. Significant differences existed among any pair of the three patterns (p
< 0.05). The WP-LBSE values of the EMG signals in BB muscle and TB muscle demonstrated a decreased tendency from 40° to 180° of elbow flexion, while the distributions of spectral energy were decreased to a stable state as time periods progressed under the same pattern. The result of this present work is helpful to describe the time-varying complexity characteristics of the EMG signals under different joint angles, and is meaningful to research the dynamic variation of the activated motor units and muscle fibers in the motor-control system.
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