Water Quality Variability, Characterization, Risks and Pollution Sources’ Control

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Water Quality and Contamination".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 April 2024) | Viewed by 2601

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Department of Meteorology and Hydrology, Faculty of Geography, University of Bucharest, Bulevardul Nicolae Balcescu 1, 010041 Bucharest, Romania
Interests: environmental pollution and protection; water quality; air quality; environmental monitoring; waste management; environmental ethics; environmental education; climate change; veganism; biotechnology
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

We are living difficult times that call for constant wise actions and solidarity, such as war, economic recession, hunger, water shortage, and different neglected environmental aspects. The global climate changes are already perturbing our lives, including freshwater availability. The human race’s activities, greed and recklessness have modified the quality of water resources, especially in the last 50 years, and the resultant pollution has affected most water bodies on the globe. It is necessary to carry out efficient water quality and pollution analysis and control, and to engage in risk management of low-quality water.

We invite you to apply your scientific experience in water quality through your scientific papers and contributions related to the topic of this Special Issue ,“Water Quality Variability, Characterization, Risks and Pollution Sources' Control”. The information gathered in this Issue could help many important ruling authorities, administrative bodies, governments, and political actors to enforce the best solutions and actions. 

We welcome the submission of original research papers, reviews, case studies and theoretical/conceptualization works that highlight and analyze water quality management under the impact of human actions; water quality handling under the reality of climate change; water quality variability and characterization in different regions/countries and under different impacts; the impacts of different pollution sources on water quality and water pollution control; water quality monitoring systems under the burden of different economic activities in different contexts; effective technologies and policies that can mitigate the water pollution and its consequences; as well as best practices developed and best lessons learnt (narratives are also welcome) on the impacts of pollution on water quality. 

We look forward to receiving your contributions until 1 November 2023!

Dr. Valentina-Mariana Manoiu
Guest Editor

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Keywords

  • water quality
  • water pollution
  • control
  • variability
  • pollution risks
  • human actions
  • water monitoring

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

27 pages, 4377 KiB  
Article
Distinguishing between Sources of Natural Dissolved Organic Matter (DOM) Based on Its Characteristics
by Rolf David Vogt, Petr Porcal, Josef Hejzlar, Ma. Cristina Paule-Mercado, Ståle Haaland, Cathrine Brecke Gundersen, Geir Inge Orderud and Bjørnar Eikebrokk
Water 2023, 15(16), 3006; https://doi.org/10.3390/w15163006 - 20 Aug 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2150
Abstract
Increasing levels of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in watercourses in the northern hemisphere are mainly due to reduced acid rain, climate change, and changes in agricultural practices. However, their impacts vary in time and space. To predict how DOM responds to changes in [...] Read more.
Increasing levels of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in watercourses in the northern hemisphere are mainly due to reduced acid rain, climate change, and changes in agricultural practices. However, their impacts vary in time and space. To predict how DOM responds to changes in environmental pressures, we need to differentiate between allochthonous and autochthonous sources as well as identify anthropogenic DOM. In this study we distinguish between allochthonous, autochthonous, and anthropogenic sources of DOM in a diverse watercourse network by assessing effects of land cover on water quality and using DOM characterization tools. The main sources of DOM at the studied site are forests discharging allochthonous humic DOM, autochthonous fulvic DOM, and runoff from urban sites and fish farms with high levels of anthropogenic DOM rich in protein-like material. Specific UV absorbency (sUVa) distinguishes allochthonous DOM from autochthonous and anthropogenic DOM. Anthropogenic DOM differs from autochthonous fulvic DOM by containing elevated levels of protein-like material. DOM from fishponds is distinguished from autochthonous and sewage DOM by having high sUVa. DOM characteristics are thus valuable tools for deconvoluting the various sources of DOM, enabling water resource managers to identify anthropogenic sources of DOM and predict future trends in DOM. Full article
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