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Special Issue "Stainless Steel—The Choice for Ecosustainability"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Sustainable Materials".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 June 2022 | Viewed by 1500

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Zoran Jurkovic
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Faculty of Engineering, University of Rijeka, HR-51000 Rijeka, Croatia
Interests: metal cutting and metal forming processes; modeling and optimization of processes; machine tools; DoE, application of evolutionary algorithms and other natural-based algorithms; process efficiency; energy savings in production processes
Prof. Dr. Graciela Šterpin Valić
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Faculty of Engineering, University of Rijeka, HR-51000 Rijeka, Croatia
Interests: modeling and optimization of machining processes, multi-criteria optimization, CAD, sustainability machining process, minimum quantity lubrication (MQL), vortex tube, advanced manufacturing systems and technology
Prof. Dr. Sonja Jozić
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Split, HR-21000 Split, Croatia
Interests: metal cutting and metal casting processes, non-conventional machining processes, control and monitoring of machining processes, CAD/CAM, machine tools
Dr. Tihana Kostadin
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Karlovac University of Applied Sciences, HR-47000 Karlovac, Croatia
Interests: technical materials and technologies, mechanical properties, material protection, corrosion resistance, surface roughness, vortex tube, cutting fluids, cooling with cold compressed air, environmentally friendly machining

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The basic stainless steel sustainable dimensions are environmental/planetary, social/human, and economic/profit. If we connect this with sustainable manufacturing, the main purposes are environmental acceptability, lower processing costs, minimum energy consumption, healthcare staff, waste reduction, and operational safety.

The basic conditions for corrosion resistance of steels are a minimum of 12% Cr and mono-phase microstructure. Therefore, stainless steels are divided according to the microstructure into austenitic, ferritic, martensitic, and duplex steels (austenitic–ferritic microstructure). Since there are no corrosive products that pollute the environment, and because of recyclability, stainless steels are environmentally friendly materials. Additionally, stainless steel production does not emit a significant amount of carbon dioxide (CO2). Due to all of the above, stainless steels can be called “green materials”. Thus, reducing, reusing, and recycling are key to protecting the environment.

The machining of stainless steel is interesting because of its excellent mechanical properties. Stainless steels are machined mainly via traditional machining processes, but the complex shapes and features of products are difficult tasks to complete using traditional metal cutting techniques. To machine advanced materials for high dimensional precision and create complex shapes in hard-to-machine materials, such as stainless steel, non-traditional machining techniques are now attractive as a sustainable choice. To achieve improved machining performances, it is always necessary to find optimal combinations of various process input parameters. In the sustainable machining process, cutting tool life, productivity, and resource efficiency will increase, while production costs, energy (power) required for cutting and the harmful effects of coolants and lubricants will decrease. Accordingly, modeling and optimization of stainless steel sustainable machining and stainless steel sustainable machining with alternative cooling and lubrication methods can be considered. Conventional mineral oil-based metalworking fluids are harmful to the environment and human health, and they bring significant additional costs to production. Therefore, there is an awareness of stainless steel sustainable machining, so alternative cooling and lubrication techniques are increasingly being developed with a strategy of combining different alternative techniques that can complement each other by overcoming the limitations of each.

The sustainability of stainless steel additive manufacturing is also an important topic of research in this area covered through environmental and economic evaluation, including stainless steel material recyclability and life cycle assessment and cost.

Stainless steel can be used in metal forming processes, and it can be formed into any shape or profile. In the metal forming process, sustainability evaluation is being proven through environmental aspects, energy consumption, emission of greenhouse gases, amount of material, and sustainable lubricants used in the process.

This Special Issue is intended for stainless steel research in sustainable machining and metal forming processes and additive manufacturing as a choice for ecosustainability. There is still a lack of knowledge around stainless steel sustainable manufacturing. In this Special Issue, we invite you to submit a worthwhile contribution to this still-under-researched field.

Prof. Dr. Zoran Jurkovic
Prof. Dr. Graciela Šterpin Valić
Prof. Dr. Sonja Jozić
Dr. Tihana Kostadin
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • stainless steel
  • mechanical properties
  • chemical composition
  • green materials
  • reduce, reuse, and recycle
  • recycling 4.0
  • sustainable manufacturing
  • sustainable machining processes
  • sustainable non-conventional machining processes
  • sustainable cooling and lubrication
  • green manufacturing
  • metal additive manufacturing sustainability
  • metal forming sustainability
  • multiobjective optimization
  • economic evaluation
  • life cycle engineering
  • energy efficiency
  • resource efficiency

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Corrosion Resistance of Open Die Forged Austenitic Stainless Steel Samples Prepared with Different Surfaces
Sustainability 2021, 13(11), 5871; - 24 May 2021
Viewed by 619
The use of corrosion-resistant metal materials in highly aggressive environments contributes to the preservation of the environment because it reduces the use of protective agents and coatings. Most metal objects are produced by some metal-forming process. It is well-known that plastic deformation affects [...] Read more.
The use of corrosion-resistant metal materials in highly aggressive environments contributes to the preservation of the environment because it reduces the use of protective agents and coatings. Most metal objects are produced by some metal-forming process. It is well-known that plastic deformation affects the corrosion resistance of different metal materials in different ways. As a rule, austenitic stainless steels show a positive impact of plastic deformation on corrosion resistance, especially when hot deformed with protective surface oxide layers. However, most research carried out on these metals involves a carefully prepared surface which is either finely ground or polished. This paper investigates the corrosion resistance of cold-formed (open die forged) austenitic stainless steel in three different surface states for three different degrees of deformation. In doing so, we simulate possible damage to the treated surface and evaluate the stability of the material with respect to corrosion. Good corrosion resistance is shown for all three stages of deformation and for all three surface states, with some differences in the obtained results. Although the polished surface shows the highest corrosion resistance, as expected, the other two surfaces also demonstrate good results when exposed to aggressive environments. All of the results were statistically processed and presented. The results demonstrate the high usability of such materials in corrosion-aggressive environments with minimal danger of corrosion and minimal need to include additional surface protection agents, even against possible surface damage. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Stainless Steel—The Choice for Ecosustainability)
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