Special Issue "Safety and Security in Critical Infrastructures"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Antonella Petrillo
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
University of Naples “Parthenope”, Isola C4, Centro Direzionale Naples (NA) 80143, Italy
Interests: multicriteria decision analysis, smart manufacturing; digital transformation; sustainability; circular economy; automation systems, safety, disaster management
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Fabio De Felice
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, University of Cassino and Southern Lazio, 0043 Cassino, Italy
Interests: digital manufacturing; multi-criteria decision making; safety and human factors; smart manufacturing
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The resilience of modern societies have become more and more dependent on Critical Infrastructures (CI), complex socio-technical systems vital to the running of a country. These systems significantly affect the triple bottom lines of sustainability. For this reason, CI are considered so vital that their incapacity would have a debilitating impact on security, the economy, public health, safety and environmental security. Critical Infrastructure Protection began to be actively addressed in Europe in 2005, when the European Union issued a Call for a European Programme for Critical Infrastructure Protection (further only CIP). The Sustainability, Reliability and Safety of these systems are issues of global concern. Since then several techniques and methods have been developed for their correct management take into consideration several aspects such as human errors, design and construction of the infrastructure, maintenance policies, energy, water supply, healthcare protection and emergency transportation in case of disaster.

Recently, some studies have identified several interlinks among critical infrastructure, environmental security, risk assessment and risk management. These fields are inextricably interrelated and the need to make complex decisions based on multiple criteria as part of the risk management process is an urgent issue. In this context innovation and new technologies already making a difference.

The theme of this SI is to discuss the role and characteristics of critical infrastructure in modern societies and to analyzes the vest practices to maintain the sustainability of critical infrastructure. Promoting research for innovation and safety sustainable solutions, are the key tasks of this Special Issue.

Prof. Antonella Petrillo
Prof. Fabio De Felice
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1900 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • MCDM (AHP; DEMATEL; TOPSIS; PROMETHE; etc)
  • Decision Analysis and decision-making process
  • Ecological protection and environmental security
  • RAMS analysis
  • Safety assessment
  • Disaster Management
  • Resilience Engineering
  • Digitalization and innovation (enabling technologies i.e.: modelling and simulation; Big Data analytics; Augmented Reality; Additive manufacturing; Cyber-security; IoT, etc)
  • Risk Management
  • Functional Resonance Analysis Method
  • Human Reliability Analysis
  • Complex Adaptive Systems
  • Fault forecasting and Fault prevention
  • Cost-Benefit Assessment
  • Risk Reduction Assessment
  • Qualitative Criteria Assessment
  • Emergency procedures
  • Maintenance
  • Life Cycle Thinking and Social Life Cycle Assessment

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Article
A Model Based System Commissioning Approach for Nuclear Facilities
Sustainability 2021, 13(19), 10520; https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910520 - 22 Sep 2021
Viewed by 520
Abstract
Commissioning is considered as a critical phase in the delivery of a Nuclear Facility (NF) as it is the first stage in the authorization of the NF to be exploited. Most of the nuclear projects start to overrun costs during commissioning mainly since [...] Read more.
Commissioning is considered as a critical phase in the delivery of a Nuclear Facility (NF) as it is the first stage in the authorization of the NF to be exploited. Most of the nuclear projects start to overrun costs during commissioning mainly since this phase is not addressed properly and is affected by many issues from previous phases (Design, Procurement, and Construction). This article proposes a general methodology to prepare and realize the commissioning activities. Using models to do so improves communication and removes ambiguities between stakeholders. It also formalizes and clarifies the commissioning organization and activities prior to any implementation. It also allows for capitalizing and sharing the experience from previous projects, by drawing references models and good practices patterns. The so-called Model Based commissioning method is elaborated around concepts, languages, processes, tools, and patterns inspired from Model Based System Engineering (MBSE) principles and practices. The theoretical foundations will be supported by results from nuclear facilities demonstrating the added value. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Safety and Security in Critical Infrastructures)
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Article
Critical Risks Method (CRM): A New Safety Allocation Approach for a Critical Infrastructure
Sustainability 2020, 12(12), 4949; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12124949 - 17 Jun 2020
Cited by 14 | Viewed by 848
Abstract
In the current research, a safety allocation technique named the Critical Risks Method (CRM) has been developed. Starting from a literature review, we analyzed the shortcomings of conventional methods. The outcomes show the primary two criticalities of the most important safety allocation approaches: [...] Read more.
In the current research, a safety allocation technique named the Critical Risks Method (CRM) has been developed. Starting from a literature review, we analyzed the shortcomings of conventional methods. The outcomes show the primary two criticalities of the most important safety allocation approaches: (1) They are developed for series configuration, but not for parallel ones; (2) they ordinarily give only qualitative outputs, but not quantitative ones. Moreover, by applying the conventional methods, an increase in safety of the units to ensure the safety target leads to an increase of the production costs of the units. The proposed strategy can overcome the shortcomings of traditional techniques with a safety approach useful to series–parallel systems in order to obtain quantitative outputs in terms of failures in a year. The CRM considers six factors that are able to ensure its applicability to a great variety of critical infrastructures. In addition, CRM is described by a simply analytic definition. The CRM was applied to a critical infrastructure (Liquid Nitrogen Cooling Installation) in a nuclear plant designed with series–parallel units. By comparing the CRM outputs with databank safety values, the proposed method was validated. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Safety and Security in Critical Infrastructures)
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