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Special Issue "In the Quest of Sustainability: Responses for Ecological and Social-Economic Systems in Front of Risks and Disasters"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 December 2018

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Alexandru Ozunu

Faculty of Environmental Science and Engineering, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Website | E-Mail
Interests: disaster management; resilience; chemistry; industry; risk mitigation
Guest Editor
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Dacinia Crina Petrescu

Faculty of Business, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Website | E-Mail
Interests: consumer behavior; negotiation; environment; economics; sustainable development

Special Issue Information

Nowadays, societies face a wider variety of risks, which pose serious threats to life and infrastructure. Environmental damage, climate change, and lack of sustainable development measures add to these threats, making societies more vulnerable. Regardless of the resources involved in response and recovery, the bouncing-back, or, ideally, the bouncing-back better condition is very difficult to attain by the affected societies. As provided also in the post-2015 development agenda, the integration of sustainable development goals (SDGs) into disaster risk reduction measures at all levels and in all stages of action is of utmost importance to attain the sustainability of our communities. Building resilience to risks and disasters is internationally acknowledged and proclaimed by many EU and international bodies engaged in sustainable development. The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 particularly stresses the urgency of addressing disaster resilience for a more effective protection of people, their livelihoods, health, cultural heritage, socioeconomic assets and ecosystems. Hence, identification, assessment, monitoring, planning, preparedness, response, recovery and mitigation are necessary to achieve the goals of resilience.

This Special Issue will comprise selected papers from the 12th International Conference on “Environmental Legislation, Safety Engineering and Disaster Management” (ELSEDIMA; http://enviro.ubbcluj.ro/en/12th-international-conference-environmental-legislation-safety-engineering-and-disaster-management-elsedima-2018/) and other papers focused on, and related to, resilience, environmental, and socio-economic aspects.

Authors who presented their papers at the conference are invited to submit their manuscripts to the Guest Editors for preliminary evaluation. Accepted papers will be than submitted by authors to Sustainability and enter the peer review process.

Researchers who did not attended the 12th ELSEDIMA Conference are also invited to develop and submit empirical papers, theoretical manuscripts, and literature reviews on the topic of the Special Issue – “In the Quest of Resilience: Insights on Ecological and Socio-Economic Systems”.

All papers selected for this Special Issue will undertake a rigorous peer-review process.


Prof. Dr. Alexandru  Ozunu
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Dacinia Crina  Petrescu
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Resilience

  • Disaster Management

  • Sustainable Development

  • Disaster Risk Reduction

  • Climate Change Adaptation

  • Efficient Emergency Response

  • Environmental Pollution Prevention, Control, and Research

  • Water, Food, and Biodiversity Challenges

  • Environmental Economics

  • Policies and Legislation

Published Papers (6 papers)

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Research

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Open AccessArticle Collaboration Mechanisms of Taiwan Nonprofit Organizations in Disaster Relief Efforts: Drawing Lessons from the Wenchuan Earthquake and Typhoon Morakot
Sustainability 2018, 10(11), 4328; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10114328
Received: 3 September 2018 / Revised: 13 November 2018 / Accepted: 13 November 2018 / Published: 21 November 2018
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Abstract
Participation of nonprofit organizations (NPOs) is important in emergency management because NPOs often work in conjunction with governments to offer assistance and resources in the emergency management process. NPO participation in disaster relief efforts is a valuable experience for public officials and practitioners,
[...] Read more.
Participation of nonprofit organizations (NPOs) is important in emergency management because NPOs often work in conjunction with governments to offer assistance and resources in the emergency management process. NPO participation in disaster relief efforts is a valuable experience for public officials and practitioners, but research investigating NPOs’ experiences in disaster relief efforts is limited. This study examines Taiwan’s NPO collaboration mechanisms during disaster relief efforts and specifically examines the lessons drawn from two major catastrophes by focusing on the opinions of NPO managers in the 88 Flooding Service Alliance who joined the disaster relief operation for the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake in China and 2009 Typhoon Morakot in Taiwan. The vital strategies and factors that contributed to successful NPO collaborations in disaster relief operations were determined through a survey on NPOs’ strategies for resource sharing and service integration and semi-structured interviews with 19 NPO managers. The findings indicate that NPO engagement in disaster services was crucial for the relief efforts of the two disaster events, and that long-term disaster service alliances are effective mechanisms for emergency collaboration in relief work. Full article
Open AccessArticle Multi-Criteria Analysis of Pollution Caused by Auto Traffic in a Geographical Area Limited to Applicability for an Eco-Economy Environment
Sustainability 2018, 10(11), 4240; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10114240
Received: 5 October 2018 / Revised: 12 November 2018 / Accepted: 13 November 2018 / Published: 16 November 2018
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Abstract
The pollution caused by road traffic is a significant problem for society in the 21st century. Climate change and mortality among the population, are increasingly influenced by increasing traffic in urban agglomerations. The present study aims at the multi-criteria analysis of the pollution
[...] Read more.
The pollution caused by road traffic is a significant problem for society in the 21st century. Climate change and mortality among the population, are increasingly influenced by increasing traffic in urban agglomerations. The present study aims at the multi-criteria analysis of the pollution caused by traffic at several busy intersections in the city of Sibiu, Romania. Classification of intersections was done using the Synchro Studio with Warrants software. Air pollutants, noise, and the number of vehicles in the traffic were taken into account. To analyze these criteria as a whole, the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) and technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS) methods were used. A comparative study has been undertaken on the results obtained by applying the two multicriteria methods. The paper aims to provide solutions for the eco-economy of the future. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Keep Them Engaged: Romanian County Inspectorates for Emergency Situations’ Facebook Usage for Disaster Risk Communication and Beyond
Sustainability 2018, 10(5), 1411; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10051411
Received: 26 March 2018 / Revised: 23 April 2018 / Accepted: 27 April 2018 / Published: 3 May 2018
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Abstract
Nowadays, the use of social media by public institutions involved in disaster management is starting to become common practice. However, despite scientific interest in the effect of social media on disaster risk and crisis communication, data exploring emergency management agencies’ round-the-clock Facebook usage
[...] Read more.
Nowadays, the use of social media by public institutions involved in disaster management is starting to become common practice. However, despite scientific interest in the effect of social media on disaster risk and crisis communication, data exploring emergency management agencies’ round-the-clock Facebook usage and the impact of their content and media choices on stakeholder engagement is limited. This study set out to investigate Romanian local emergency agencies’ Facebook usage patterns and stakeholders’ engagement with their content. The data is comprised of 7810 messages posted between the 1st January and 25th October 2017 by 32 County Inspectorates for Emergency Situations. First, using content analysis techniques, the topics of the posts were summarized to illustrate how these agencies use Facebook. Second, stakeholder engagement was investigated using social media marketing techniques. Third, messages related to natural hazards were analyzed in greater depth to reveal disaster risk communication patterns. The results suggest that Romanian emergency agencies mainly promote transparency and their institutional image on Facebook. Stakeholders were most likely to engage with brand-oriented posts, especially if these also offered rich multimedia feature. Meanwhile, stakeholders were less likely to interact with messages about natural hazards, particularly if they incorporated educational content. These observations suggest that, while at the moment Romanian local emergency management agencies take advantage of Facebook to create and maintain relationships with their stakeholders, they bypass opportunities to implement communication strategies for effective disaster risk reduction. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Detection and Quantification of Genetically Modified Soybean in Some Food and Feed Products. A Case Study on Products Available on Romanian Market
Sustainability 2018, 10(5), 1325; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10051325
Received: 28 February 2018 / Revised: 19 April 2018 / Accepted: 20 April 2018 / Published: 25 April 2018
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Abstract
The aim of this paper is to trace genetically modified soybean in food and feed products present on the Romanian market by using molecular extraction, identification and quantification methodologies. Nine samples (3 food samples, 5 soybean samples and 1 soybean meal) were analysed
[...] Read more.
The aim of this paper is to trace genetically modified soybean in food and feed products present on the Romanian market by using molecular extraction, identification and quantification methodologies. Nine samples (3 food samples, 5 soybean samples and 1 soybean meal) were analysed using the classical and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. DNA-genetically modified organism (GMO) was not detected in two of the three analysed samples (food products). However, it could be found in four samples ranging below the limit of 0.9%, and in three samples, above the limit of 0.9%. The results obtained through real-time PCR quantification show that DNA-RRS was detectable in different amounts in different samples: ranging between 0.27% and 9.36% in soy beans, and reaching 50.98% in soybean meal. The current research focuses on how products containing GMO above the limit (it is common knowledge that it is necessary to label the products containing more than 0.9% Genetically Modified DNA) are differentiated on the market with a view to labeling food and feed products in terms of the accidental presence of approved genetically modified plants. The benefits brought by genetic engineering in obtaining genetically modified organisms can be balanced with their public acceptance and with certain known or unknown risks that they can bring. Full article
Open AccessArticle Setting the Scene for a Healthier Indoor Living Environment: Citizens’ Knowledge, Awareness, and Habits Related to Residential Radon Exposure in Romania
Sustainability 2017, 9(11), 2081; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9112081
Received: 20 August 2017 / Revised: 21 September 2017 / Accepted: 10 November 2017 / Published: 13 November 2017
Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (300 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text | Supplementary Files
Abstract
The present research is based on the premise that people perceive radiation risks in different ways, depending on their cultural background, information exposure, economic level, and educational status, which are specific to each country. The main objective was to assess and report, for
[...] Read more.
The present research is based on the premise that people perceive radiation risks in different ways, depending on their cultural background, information exposure, economic level, and educational status, which are specific to each country. The main objective was to assess and report, for the first time, the Romanians’ attitude (perceptions, knowledge, and behaviors) related to residential radon, in order to contribute to the creation of a healthier living environment. A convenience sample of 229 people from different parts of Romania, including radon prone areas, was used. Results profiled a population vulnerable to radon threats from the perspective of their awareness and perceptions. Thus, study results showed that most participants did not perceive the risk generated by radon exposure as significant to their health; only 13.1% of interviewed people considered the danger to their health as “high” or “very high”. Additionally, it was found that awareness of radon itself was low: 62.4% of the sample did not know what radon was. From a practical perspective, the study shows that in Romania, increasing awareness, through the provision of valid information, should be a major objective of strategies that aim to reduce radon exposure. The present study takes a bottom-up perspective by assessing Romanian citizens’ attitudes toward radon. Therefore, it compensates for a gap in the behavioral studies literature by providing practical support for radon risk mitigation and creating the premises for a healthier living environment. Full article

Review

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Open AccessReview Milk Protein Polymorphism Characterization: a Modern Tool for Sustainable Conservation of Endangered Romanian Cattle Breeds in the Context of Traditional Breeding
Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 534; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020534
Received: 31 December 2017 / Revised: 10 February 2018 / Accepted: 11 February 2018 / Published: 16 February 2018
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Abstract
The paper aims to review literature data with respect to Romanian native cattle breeds which are considered at risk of extinction. In the last decades, the number of individuals of Romanian indigenous cows decreased significantly, as a consequence of the intensification and specialization
[...] Read more.
The paper aims to review literature data with respect to Romanian native cattle breeds which are considered at risk of extinction. In the last decades, the number of individuals of Romanian indigenous cows decreased significantly, as a consequence of the intensification and specialization of animal productions and agriculture modernization. Some of the native cattle breeds are already lost, due to their crossing with improved breeds. However, after the accession of Romania to the European Union, various preservation programs were initiated, and most of them included biochemical research and studies of molecular or quantitative genetics. All these, associated with the application of reproduction biotechnologies, give a chance to these animals, which are extremely valuable in terms of their genetic resistance to diseases and environmental factors. The reviewed literature on Romanian indigenous endangered cattle breeds confirms that these animals are carriers of a valuable gene pool, which can be kept and bred while applying different reproductive biotechnologies. Consequently, this paper raises awareness on two issues: the decrease of genetic diversity in two Romanian native cow breeds threatened with extinction (Grey Steppe and Romanian Pinzgauer); and the benefits of genetic diversity of the two breeds. Full article
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