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Special Issue "Building Energy Efficiency and Thermal Energy Storage in Building Design and Application"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Green Building".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2023 | Viewed by 783

Special Issue Editors

Key Lab of Energy Thermal Conversion and Control, Ministry of Education; Southeast University, Nanjing, China
Interests: thermal energy storage; solar energy utiliation; heat transfer enhancement; heat exchanger
Faculty of Environment and Life, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100044, China
Interests: thermal energy storage; solar thermal energy; heat transfer enhancement; heat exchanger
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Beijing Engineering Research Center of Sustainable Energy and Buildings, School of Environment and Energy Engineering, Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Beijing 100044, China
Interests: solar building integration; thermal energy storage; new energy materialsc

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Energy consumed by heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems (HVAC) in buildings represents an important part of the global energy consumed. Advanced building energy systems, efficient building energy saving technology, forward-looking building energy system planning and programs are all helpful in reducing building energy consumption. In addition, thermal energy storage (TES) is one of the most promising technologies to enhance the efficiency of renewable energy sources. TES overcomes any mismatch between energy generation and use in terms of time, temperature, power or site. Solar applications, including those in buildings, require thermal energy to be stored for periods ranging from very short durations (in minutes or hours) to seasonal storage. The advantages of using TES in an energy system are not only the increase in the overall efficiency and reliability, but it can also lead to better economic feasibility, reducing investment and running costs, less pollution of the environment and less CO2 emissions.

This Special Issue aims to encourage researchers to publish in detail their work related to efficient energy utilization, and the design and application of thermal energy storage technology in buildings. Original research articles and reviews are welcome. Research areas may include (but are not limited to) the following:

  • Modeling, experiments or analyses of building energy.
  • Advanced building load forecasting methods.
  • Energy planning and energy management of buildings or districts.
  • Simulation of or experiments on advanced building energy systems and equipment.
  • Integrated energy systems for buildings.
  • New heat storage materials and phase change energy storage materials.
  • Renewable energy utilization in the building area.
  • Designs of new energy systems and thermal energy storage systems.

We look forward to receiving your contributions.

Dr. Bo Xu
Dr. Cancan Zhang
Dr. Meibo Xing
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • energy conservation
  • building energy analysis
  • building energy modeling and forecasting
  • energy planning and energy management
  • building energy system and equipment
  • heat storage materials
  • phase change energy storage materials
  • photovoltaic technology
  • renewable energy utilization in the building
  • design of new energy system

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Optimisation of Building Green Performances Using Vertical Greening Systems: A Case Study in Changzhou, China
Sustainability 2023, 15(5), 4494; - 02 Mar 2023
Viewed by 365
The benefits of greening systems on buildings have been frequently examined using experimental methods. However, few studies have adopted dynamic monitoring of real operational buildings to quantify the effects of greening systems on multiple building green performance indexes, such as thermal comfort, indoor [...] Read more.
The benefits of greening systems on buildings have been frequently examined using experimental methods. However, few studies have adopted dynamic monitoring of real operational buildings to quantify the effects of greening systems on multiple building green performance indexes, such as thermal comfort, indoor air quality, and energy consumption. In this study, a type of multi-in-one indoor environmental quality monitoring device was adopted for vertical greening systems in a green-certified building in Changzhou, China, with real-time data collection through an Internet of Things platform. Measurements of the indoor thermal environment and air quality were recorded from four testing points during a 90 day period from spring to summer in 2021. For comparison, the testing points were divided into group A (office zone) and group B (exhibition zone). Our results demonstrated that, in the presence of a vertical greening system, the seasonal average indoor temperatures decreased by up to 0.7 °C. The green facade outperformed the ordinary exterior wall, optimising both indoor thermal comfort and thermal inertia. Furthermore, judicious indoor greening designs significantly reduced the indoor air-pollutant concentrations, such as particulate matter, carbon dioxide, and organic pollutants. The median values for particulate matter 10 and formaldehyde concentration decreased by 20.7% and 33.3%, respectively, thus improving the indoor air quality. Lastly, the annual electricity consumption of the building with vertical greening systems was about 25% lower than that of similar buildings, underlining the potential contribution of vertical greening systems to building energy conservation. Such findings collectively demonstrate that greening systems offer quantifiable benefits for building parameters such as thermal properties, indoor air quality, and energy conservation. Full article
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