Special Issue "Physiological Responses and Adaptations in Resistance Exercise"

A special issue of Sports (ISSN 2075-4663).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 September 2019

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Ilias Smilios

Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Democritus University of Thrace, Komotini, Greece
Interests: resistance and endurance exercise physiology; training methods; exercise testing

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Resistance exercise is one of the most frequently used forms of training, with a great impact on human physiology. Resistance exercise causes acute adjustments on neural, muscular, cardiovascular, hormonal, and other systems’ function in order to cope with exercise stress. Over time, the repetitive resistance exercise stimulus causes chronic physiological adaptations in neuromuscular and other systems’ function and morphology, which leads to increased athletic performance and an improvement of the health status and the functional ability of the population. All these adaptations may depend on the dose of the resistance training provided and the configuration of program variables (i.e., load, number of sets and repetitions, rest duration, execution velocity, and training frequency) as well as the long-term training planning.

Despite the advancement of our knowledge in the last few decades regarding resistance exercise physiology, the quest for its understanding under various short- and long-term loading conditions still goes on. Therefore, in this Special Issue, ‘Physiological Responses and Adapations in Resistance Exercise’, we invite researchers to contribute with original research articles and metanalysis or systematic review articles that will further expand our knowledge about the acute and chronic effects of resistance exercise on human biology. These, for example, may involve studies: i) Investigating the acute or chronic effects of different resistance training protocols on physiological responses and adaptations, ii) examining fatigue mechanisms during resistance exercise, and iii) exploring training methods to enhance neuromuscular function and performance. All of the above could be examined in athletic, fitness enthusiasts and diseased populations.

I look forward to receiving your contribution.

Dr. Ilias Smilios
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sports is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 350 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • physiology
  • adaptation
  • fatigue
  • resistance training
  • strength training
  • neural function
  • muscle hypertrophy
  • neuromuscular adaptation
  • muscle power
  • health
  • performance

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessArticle
Effect of Plyometric Training on Jumping, Sprinting and Change of Direction Speed in Child Female Athletes
Received: 23 April 2019 / Revised: 12 May 2019 / Accepted: 16 May 2019 / Published: 17 May 2019
PDF Full-text (234 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Background: This study examined the effects of 8 weeks of plyometric training on jumping, sprinting, and change of direction (COD) performance. Methods: Fifty female 7–9-year-old gymnasts were randomly assigned to a plyometric training group (PG; n = 33), that performed supplementary plyometric training [...] Read more.
Background: This study examined the effects of 8 weeks of plyometric training on jumping, sprinting, and change of direction (COD) performance. Methods: Fifty female 7–9-year-old gymnasts were randomly assigned to a plyometric training group (PG; n = 33), that performed supplementary plyometric training twice per week, and a control group (CG; n = 17) that continued regular training. The following tests were performed before and after the intervention: 10 and 20 m sprints, 5 + 5 m and 10 + 10 m COD tests, one-leg and two-leg countermovement jump (CMJ), drop jump (DJ), squat jump (SJ), and standing long jump (SLJ). Results: Only a main effect for time was found for all jumping performance parameters (p = 0.001). However, the improvement of one- and two-leg CMJ in PG had a greater effect size than CG (0.72 and 0.67 vs. 0.34 and 0.18, respectively). Group × time interactions were found for 10 and 20 m sprint tests (p = 0.018 and p = 0.011, respectively) and for 10 + 10 m COD (p = 0.008) with the post hoc test showing improvement only for the PG (p = 0.001, 0.001, and 0.003 and d = 1.1, 1.14, and 0.6, respectively). Conclusions: Supplementary plyometric training increased sprint and COD performance more than regular gymnastics training, while jumping performance was equally improved in both groups. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physiological Responses and Adaptations in Resistance Exercise)
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