Special Issue "Violence, Victimization and Prevention"

A special issue of Social Sciences (ISSN 2076-0760). This special issue belongs to the section "Social Policy and Welfare".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 July 2023 | Viewed by 16315

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Sónia Maria Martins Caridade
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
1. School of Psychology, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
2. Interdisciplinary Center for Gender Studies (CIEG) of the Higher Institute of Social and Political Sciences of the University of Lisbon (ISCSP-UL), 1300-663 Lisbon, Portugal
Interests: domestic violence; dating violence; victims of polivictimization; youth and delinquency; gender-based violence
Prof. Maria Alzira Pimenta Dinis
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
UFP Energy, Environment and Health Research Unit (FP-ENAS), University Fernando Pessoa (UFP), Praça 9 de Abril 349, 4249-004 Porto, Portugal
Interests: violence and victimization; social sciences; global health; environment and human health; environmental science; sustainability; information and communication technologies (ICTs); statistics and probability
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue aims to address violence as a serious public health problem (Rossi and Talevi, 2017) that entails several new forms of victimization stimulated by contemporary societies. Violence and victimization cross different cultures and different systems (e.g., individual, family, school, social) and subsystems (e.g., marital, parental, peers, dating), impacting different areas, such as health (physical and mental), criminal justice, and social wellbeing, and may undermine social development (WHO, 2014; Seth and Peshevska, 2014). Experiencing violence is a major risk factor for the development of lifelong health and social problems (Rossi and Talevi, 2017). Violence is a complex, multifaceted, and multidetermined phenomenon (Dahlberg and Krug, 2006) that on a daily basis victimizes the lives of many children, adolescents, adults, and the elderly, requiring continuous effort to achieve an adequate understanding of how it is carried out and how to minimize it and prevent it (Hamby, 2017). The articles in this Special Edition should address the different types of violence and new forms of victimization present in the various systems and subsystems above identified, as well as the prevention practices developed to mitigate their impact and implications in individual and social terms. Papers related with practical implications for clinical and institutional support to victims of violence are also welcome. Submitted papers should be based on rigorous, high-quality quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-methods research, intersectional and comparative analyses, contributing to new insights and developments into the topics addressed. Papers based on research with under-represented, minoritized or marginalized groups, or specific social contexts are particularly encouraged.

References

Dahlberg, L., & Krug, E. (2006). Violence a global public health problem. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, 11(2), 277-292.https://doi.org/10.1590/s1413-81232006000200007 

Hamby, S. (2017). On defining violence, and why it matters. Psychology of Violence, 7(2), 167-180. http://doi.org/10.1037/vio0000117

Rossi, A., & Talevi, D. (2017). Interpersonal violence and mental illness. Journal of Psychopathology, 23, 49-51.

Seth, D., & Peshevska, D. J. (2014). Preventing interpersonal violence in Europe. Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, 2(2), 350-352. https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2014.060

World Health Organization (WHO). (2014). Global status report on violence prevention. World Health Organization.

Other important references

Ameral, V., Palm Reed, K. M., & Hines, D. A. (2017). An analysis of help-seeking patterns among college students victims of sexual assault, dating violence, and stalking. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1-25. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260517721169

Caridade, S. (2019). Dating violence in schools: Preventing and responding through the perspective of educational professionals. In W. Spencer (Ed.), Dating Violence: Prevalence, Risk Factors and Perspectives (pp. 25-40). New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

Caridade, S., Braga, T., & Borrajo, E. (2019). Cyber dating abuse: Evidence from a systematic review. Journal of Aggression and Violent Behavior, 48, 152-168. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2019.08.018

Caridade, S., Pinheiro, I., & Dinis, A. (2019). Disclosure in victims of dating violence: Strategies and reasons for help-seeking. In W. Spencer (Ed.), Dating violence: Prevalence, risk Factors and perspectives (pp. 85-106). New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

Chu, D. C., & Sun, I. Y. (2014). Reactive versus proactive attitudes toward domestic violence: A comparison of Taiwanese male and female police officers. Crime and Delinquency, 60(2), 216-237. http://doi.org/10.1177/0011128710372192  

De La Rue, L., Polanin, J., Espelage, D., & Pigott, T. (2017). A meta-analysis of school-based interventions aimed to prevent or reduce violence in teen dating relationships. Review of Educational Research, 87(1), 7-34. http://doi.org/10.3102/0034654316632061   

Delara, M. (2016). Mental health consequences and risk factors of physical intimate partner violence. Mental Health in Family Medicine, 12, 119-125. Retrieved from http://www.mhfmjournal.com/pdf/mental-health-consequences-and-risk-factors-of-physical-intimate-partner-violence.pdf  

Hagemann-White, C. (2017). Responses to domestic violence in Germany in a European context. In E. S. Buzawa & C. G. Buzawa (Eds.), Global responses to domestic violence (pp. 87-105). Cham, Switzerland: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56721-1_5  

Khubchandani, J., Clark, J., Wiblishause, M. et al. (2017). Preventing and responding to teen dating violence: A national study of school principals' perspectives and practices. Violence and Gender, 4(4), 144-151.  https://doi.org/10.1089/vio.2017.0043

Lamoreaux, D., & Sulkowski, M. L. (2019). An alternative to fortified schools: Using crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) to balance student safety and psychological well‐being. Psychology in the Schools, 1-14. http://doi.org/10.1002/pits.22301  

Palermo, T., Bleck, J., & Peterman, A. (2013). Tip of the iceberg: Reporting and gender-based violence in developing countries. American Journal of Epidemiology, 179(5), 602-612. http://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwt295 

Park, S., & Kim, S. (2018). The power of family and community factors in predicting dating violence: A meta-analysis. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 40, 19-28.  http://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2018.03.002  

Santos, A. & Caridade. S. (2017). Violence in intimate relationship between same- sex partners: prevalence study. Trends in Psychology, 25(3), 1357-1371.  http://doi.org/10.9788/tp2017.3-19pt

Sigurdsson, E. L. (2019). Domestic violence-are we up to the task? Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, Online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/02813432.2019.1608638

Smith, K., Cénat, J. M., Lapierre, L., Dion, J., & Hébert, M. (2018). Cyber dating violence: Prevalence and correlates among high school students from small urban areas in Quebec. Journal of Affective Disorders, 234, 220–223. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.02.043

Prof. Dr. Sónia Maria Martins Caridade
Prof. Dr. Maria Alzira Pimenta Dinis
Guest Editors

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Keywords

  • child abuse
  • dating violence
  • domestic violence
  • early prevention
  • elderly abuse
  • exposure to interparental violence
  • family violence
  • gender-based violence
  • interpersonal violence
  • intimate partner violence (IPV)
  • marital violence
  • multicultural intervention
  • multiple victimization
  • polyvictimization
  • primary prevention
  • psychoeducational intervention
  • school violence
  • secondary prevention
  • secondary victimization
  • singular victimization
  • tertiary prevention
  • violence and information and communication technologies (ICT’s)
  • violence awareness
  • violence prevention practices
  • youth violence

Published Papers (9 papers)

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Research

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Article
Analysis of Location and Spatial Distribution of Elderly Women Victims of Gender Violence
Soc. Sci. 2023, 12(2), 72; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci12020072 - 30 Jan 2023
Viewed by 234
Abstract
Little is known about abuse and violence against elderly women, as well as prevention and intervention strategies. We present the results of an investigation that has as its objective the elaboration of the Location Map of elderly women victims of gender violence, analyzing [...] Read more.
Little is known about abuse and violence against elderly women, as well as prevention and intervention strategies. We present the results of an investigation that has as its objective the elaboration of the Location Map of elderly women victims of gender violence, analyzing their territorial distribution in the specific case of the Autonomous Community of Galicia, Spain, and its relationship with environmental, social, and territorial variables. The results of our research on the location and distribution of the rates of elderly women victims of gender violence show its direct relationship with low demographic density, aging, and dependency, which is associated with disabled people. The mapping resulting can facilitate the territorial planning of social and health services aimed at elderly women in rural areas. The interquartile classification makes it possible to delimit areas of intervention at a spatial level, differentiating those municipalities with the highest and lowest prevalence. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Violence, Victimization and Prevention)
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Article
Predicting Frequent and Feared Crime Typologies: Individual and Social/Environmental Variables, and Incivilities
Soc. Sci. 2022, 11(3), 126; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci11030126 - 14 Mar 2022
Viewed by 1392
Abstract
The lack of organisation in urban spaces plays a decisive role in the level of integration, communication and social bonds of the residents, impacting the citizens’ feelings of trust and security. Different personal variables and contextual characteristics have been associated with the fear [...] Read more.
The lack of organisation in urban spaces plays a decisive role in the level of integration, communication and social bonds of the residents, impacting the citizens’ feelings of trust and security. Different personal variables and contextual characteristics have been associated with the fear of crime (FOC). The main objective of this study is to analyse how individual and social/environmental variables, and incivilities, predict crime against people and property, crime that has either happened or is feared to happen. Five hundred and fifty-four residents (M = 43.82; SD = 18.38) in the Historic Centre of Porto (HCP), Portugal, answered 61 items of the Diagnosis of Local Security (DLS) Questionnaire. The results of this study show that in the most frequent crime category, 72% of occurrences represent crime against property. In the feared crime category, there is a preponderance of crime against people (61%). Age of the respondents predicted the most frequent and feared crime, while sex predicted the most feared crime only. Social/environmental variables, as well as incivilities, also predict the frequent and feared crime in two typologies, i.e., crime against people and crime against property. Practical implications to reduce FOC and areas for further investigation are discussed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Violence, Victimization and Prevention)
Article
Reconstruction of Historical Memory: A Methodological Approach to Uncover the Reasons of the Armed Uprising in the Montes de María, Colombia
Soc. Sci. 2022, 11(3), 103; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci11030103 - 01 Mar 2022
Viewed by 1655
Abstract
This work aims to reconstruct the historical memory of the armed conflict in the Montes de María coastline, province of Sucre, Colombia, in a moment of military confrontations and responses of defenseless civilians to the repertoire of violence caused by armed groups—specifically against [...] Read more.
This work aims to reconstruct the historical memory of the armed conflict in the Montes de María coastline, province of Sucre, Colombia, in a moment of military confrontations and responses of defenseless civilians to the repertoire of violence caused by armed groups—specifically against the Unión Camilista–Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN), the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia-Ejército del Pueblo (FARC-EP), and the paramilitary groups present in the Gulf of Morrosquillo. The objective of this study was to determine the reasons that led the community of Libertad to rise in arms and repel the abuses of armed groups by testing two hypotheses: (1) the frequency of victimizing acts consisting of sexual violence against the women of the Libertad village provoked the community to take up arms; (2) the presence of social agents, here called provocateurs of the community response, motivated the community’s social cohesion and armed uprising. The research is developed using a qualitative methodology with a narrative approach that involved a sample of 49 informants, including two focus groups. We provide empirical findings which are pivotal to understanding the reasons why defenseless civilians made the decision to defend themselves with arms against illegal armed groups that invaded their territory and harassed their communities, especially when dealing with an ethnic minority such as Afro-descendants. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Violence, Victimization and Prevention)
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Article
Sexual Assault Myths Acceptance in University Campus: Construction and Validation of a Scale
Soc. Sci. 2021, 10(12), 462; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci10120462 - 03 Dec 2021
Viewed by 2248
Abstract
The study related to the myths of rape has been carried out since the 1980s at different scales. However, the interaction between the acceptance of these rape myths (myths related to sexual abuse) and the nightlife scene—where alcohol consumption becomes the epicenter of [...] Read more.
The study related to the myths of rape has been carried out since the 1980s at different scales. However, the interaction between the acceptance of these rape myths (myths related to sexual abuse) and the nightlife scene—where alcohol consumption becomes the epicenter of this particular context—has not been specifically evaluated. In this work, a questionnaire has been developed considering different scales. It has been tested online in a population of 367 first-year undergraduate students at the University of Alcalá (Spain). The results of the exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, as well as the reliability ones, indicate the adequacy of the scale construction and validation process for the university student population. In addition, the results obtained, in line with the specialized literature, indicate that the consumption of alcohol and other drugs appear as justifying elements of sexual violence, exonerating the aggressors and perpetrating the victim. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Violence, Victimization and Prevention)
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Article
Psychological and Gender Differences in a Simulated Cheating Coercion Situation at School
Soc. Sci. 2021, 10(7), 265; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci10070265 - 09 Jul 2021
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2398
Abstract
This study aimed to analyze gender, anxiety, and psychological inflexibility differences of high school students’ behaviors in a simulated situation of peer coercion into academic cheating. Method: A total of 1147 volunteer adolescents participated, (Men: N = 479; Mage = 16.3; Women: N [...] Read more.
This study aimed to analyze gender, anxiety, and psychological inflexibility differences of high school students’ behaviors in a simulated situation of peer coercion into academic cheating. Method: A total of 1147 volunteer adolescents participated, (Men: N = 479; Mage = 16.3; Women: N = 668; Mage = 16.2). The participants saw 15 s animated online video presenting peer coercion into an academic cheating situation, including a questionnaire about their reactions to face the situation. They also answered the State–Trait Anxiety Inventory for children and adolescents and the Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire for Youth (AFQ-Y). Gender was associated with the behaviors facing the situation. Higher state anxiety and inflexibility were present in those participants that avoided aggressive behaviors facing the situation; on the other hand, trait anxiety was present in those who reacted aggressively. Finally, higher anxiety and inflexibility were associated with the used moral disengagement mechanisms, but also with peers’ perception as sanctioning or being against the participants’ decision. The most aggressive students were more flexible and less stressed than those who tried to solve assertively. Expectations about peers seem to be relevant to the decision-making facing moral dilemmas and peer victimization. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Violence, Victimization and Prevention)
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Article
Strategies for Territorial Peace: The Overcoming of the Structural Violence in Women Living in Palmira, Colombia
Soc. Sci. 2020, 9(11), 211; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci9110211 - 18 Nov 2020
Viewed by 2118
Abstract
Women experience different types of violence, and poverty is one of them. The aim of this work was to show the situation of poverty experienced by women in Palmira and how this condition affects both their participation in and contribution to the achievement [...] Read more.
Women experience different types of violence, and poverty is one of them. The aim of this work was to show the situation of poverty experienced by women in Palmira and how this condition affects both their participation in and contribution to the achievement of territorial peace—a central political target in our country. For this, a descriptive and predictive study was carried out by applying a survey to measure the different types of violence affecting Palmirana women. The results demonstrate the predominance of structural violence suffered by women, which creates unfavorable conditions for the construction of peace in Colombia. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Violence, Victimization and Prevention)

Review

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Review
Cyber–Information Security Compliance and Violation Behaviour in Organisations: A Systematic Review
Soc. Sci. 2022, 11(9), 386; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci11090386 - 29 Aug 2022
Viewed by 987
Abstract
Cyber and information security (CIS) is an issue of national and international interest. Despite sophisticated security systems and extensive physical countermeasures to combat cyber-attacks, organisations are vulnerable due to the involvement of the human factor. Humans are regarded as the weakest link in [...] Read more.
Cyber and information security (CIS) is an issue of national and international interest. Despite sophisticated security systems and extensive physical countermeasures to combat cyber-attacks, organisations are vulnerable due to the involvement of the human factor. Humans are regarded as the weakest link in cybersecurity systems as development in digital technology advances. The area of cybersecurity is an extension of the previously studied fields of information and internet security. The need to understand the underlying human behavioural factors associated with CIS policy warrants further study, mainly from theoretical perspectives. Based on these underlying theoretical perspectives, this study reviews literature focusing on CIS compliance and violations by personnel within organisations. Sixty studies from the years 2008 to 2020 were reviewed. Findings suggest that several prominent theories were used extensively and integrated with another specific theory. Protection Motivation Theory (PMT), the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), and General Deterrence Theory (GDT) were identified as among the most referred-to theories in this area. The use of current theories is discussed based on their emerging importance and their suitability in future CIS studies. This review lays the foundation for future researchers by determining gaps and areas within the CIS context and encompassing employee compliance and violations within an organisation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Violence, Victimization and Prevention)
Review
Mapping the Cyber Interpersonal Violence among Young Populations: A Scoping Review
Soc. Sci. 2022, 11(5), 207; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci11050207 - 10 May 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1640
Abstract
The increase in digital practices and networking has introduced important changes to social interactions. The extensive use of technology among young people has allowed for cyber communication, which has numerous benefits but can also trigger violence in relationships. Interpersonal violence affecting young people [...] Read more.
The increase in digital practices and networking has introduced important changes to social interactions. The extensive use of technology among young people has allowed for cyber communication, which has numerous benefits but can also trigger violence in relationships. Interpersonal violence affecting young people is becoming more widely recognized as a public health issue. The aim of this scoping review is to map and systematize the published academic literature on Cyber Interpersonal Violence (CIV) amongst young people, following the methodological approach proposed by Arksey and O’Malley. Five databases were searched: PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL (EBSCOhost), Science Direct and Social Sciences Citation Index. Eighteen studies in English, Portuguese, Spanish and French, published from 2004 onwards, were included. Three main areas arose in the CIV: cyber dating abuse, cyberbullying and cyber-harassment. Investing in prevention is the key to preventing cyber violence. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Violence, Victimization and Prevention)
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Review
Dating Violence: A Bibliometric Review of the Literature in Web of Science and Scopus
Soc. Sci. 2021, 10(11), 445; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci10110445 - 22 Nov 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1934
Abstract
This study has the general purpose of improving the understanding and description of the field of violence in young couple relationships by means of a bibliometric analysis. A descriptive and transversal-retrospective methodology is used, the objective of which is to describe in a [...] Read more.
This study has the general purpose of improving the understanding and description of the field of violence in young couple relationships by means of a bibliometric analysis. A descriptive and transversal-retrospective methodology is used, the objective of which is to describe in a quantitative way the information obtained from the production of 842 references registered in the Scopus and Web of Science databases. The results show that during 2017 and 2018, the majority of publications were concentrated, highlighting that the United States is the country with the highest amount of scientific production on violence in intimate relationships. It is important to highlight that more and more countries are investigating this subject, highlighting an increase in production from 2015 onwards. The violence that occurs in the relationships of young couples is a global social and health problem that requires research to be able to deepen its knowledge and in the prevention of this social scourge. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Violence, Victimization and Prevention)
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