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Recent Advances in Fiber Bragg Grating Sensing-2nd Edition

A special issue of Sensors (ISSN 1424-8220). This special issue belongs to the section "Optical Sensors".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2023) | Viewed by 3769

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Photonics Research Center (PRC), Lumoscribe, Anthipoloxagou Georgiou M. Savva 12, Geroskipou, Paphos 8201, Cyprus
Interests: fiber Bragg gratings; optical sensors; waveguides; fiber lasers; polymer sensors
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Department of Electromagnetism and Telecommunication, University of Mons, Mons, Belgium
Interests: fiber Bragg gratings; tilted fiber Bragg gratings; polymer optical fibers; SPR; femtosecond laser; fiber sensors; surface plasmon resonance; biosensors
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) have been used in various applications for more than 40 years. They are reliable sensing elements and fiber laser components, with sensing characteristics that can be adjusted according to the host fiber material. This Special Issue aims to cover a broad spectrum of FBG sensing technology in the form of regular and review papers.

Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Grating structures, tilted Bragg gratings, long-period gratings andchirped gratings;
  • FBGs in specialty optical fibers (polymer fibers, silica fibers, sapphire fibers etc.);
  • Advanced FBG-based mechanical and physical sensors;
  • Advanced FBG-based biomedical, chemical and environmental sensors;
  • Performance of FBG systems in real environments;
  • Demodulation algorithm and signal processing of complexed FBG sensors;
  • Performance of FBGs in harsh environments;
  • Acoustic sensors;
  • FBG applications in oil and gas industry, robotics, structural health monitoring, aerospace missions, civil structure, smart textiles and other areas.

Dr. Antreas Theodosiou
Dr. Xuehao Hu
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sensors is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • optical sensing
  • polymer optical fibers
  • fiber lasers
  • structural health monitoring
  • femtosecond lasers
  • demodulation algorithms
  • oil and gas sensing applications
  • biophotonics
  • robotics

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

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12 pages, 4383 KiB  
Article
Design, Optimization, and Experimental Evaluation of Slow Light Generated by π-Phase-Shifted Fiber Bragg Grating for Use in Sensing Applications
by Matúš Vaňko, Ivan Glesk, Jarmila Müllerová, Jozef Dubovan and Milan Dado
Sensors 2024, 24(2), 340; https://doi.org/10.3390/s24020340 - 6 Jan 2024
Viewed by 888
Abstract
This paper describes design, theoretical analysis, and experimental evaluation of a π-Phase-Shifted Fiber Bragg Grating (π-PSFBG) inscribed in the standard telecom fiber for slow light generation. At first, the grating was designed for its use in the reflection mode with a central wavelength [...] Read more.
This paper describes design, theoretical analysis, and experimental evaluation of a π-Phase-Shifted Fiber Bragg Grating (π-PSFBG) inscribed in the standard telecom fiber for slow light generation. At first, the grating was designed for its use in the reflection mode with a central wavelength of 1552 nm and a pass band width of less than 100 pm. The impact of fabrication imperfections was experimentally investigated and compared to model predictions. The optical spectra obtained experimentally show that the spectral region used for slow light generation is narrower (less than 10 pm), thus allowing for too-low levels of slow light optical-output power. In the next step, the optimization of the grating design was conducted to account for fabrication errors, to improve the grating’s spectral behavior and its temporal performance, and to widen the spectral interval for slow light generation in the grating’s transmission mode. The targeted central wavelength was 1553 nm. The π-PSFBG was then commercially fabricated, and the achieved parameters were experimentally investigated. For the region of (1551–1554) nm, a 15-fold increase in the grating’s pass band width was achieved. We have shown that a pair of retarded optical pulses were generated. The measured group delay was found to be ~10.5 ps (compared to 19 ps predicted by the model). The π-PSFBG operating in its transmission mode has the potential to operate as tunable delay line for applications in RF photonics, ultra-fast signal processing, and optical communications, where tunable high precision delay lines are highly desirable. The π-PSFBG can be designed and used for the generation of variable group delays from tens to hundreds of ps, depending on application needs. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Fiber Bragg Grating Sensing-2nd Edition)
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16 pages, 5037 KiB  
Article
Static and Dynamic Multiparameter Assessment of Structural Elements Using Chirped Fiber Bragg Gratings
by Leandro Macedo, Edson A. Souza, Anselmo Frizera, Maria José Pontes, Carlos Marques and Arnaldo Leal-Junior
Sensors 2023, 23(4), 1860; https://doi.org/10.3390/s23041860 - 7 Feb 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1374
Abstract
This paper presents the development, analysis, and application of chirped fiber Bragg gratings (CFBGs) for dynamic and static measurements of beams of different materials in the single-cantilever configuration. In this case, the beams were numerically analyzed using the finite-element method (FEM) for the [...] Read more.
This paper presents the development, analysis, and application of chirped fiber Bragg gratings (CFBGs) for dynamic and static measurements of beams of different materials in the single-cantilever configuration. In this case, the beams were numerically analyzed using the finite-element method (FEM) for the assessment of the natural frequencies and vibration modes of the beam for the dynamic analysis of the structural element. Furthermore, the static numerical analysis was performed using a load at the free end of the beam, where the maximum strain and its distribution along the beam were analyzed, especially in the region at which the FBG was positioned. The experimental evaluation of the proposed CFBG sensor was performed in static conditions for forces from 0 to 50 N (in 10 N steps) applied at the free end of the beam, whereas the dynamic evaluation was performed by means of positioning an unbalanced motor at the end of the beam, which was excited at 16 Hz, 65 Hz, 100 Hz, and 131 Hz. The results showed the feasibility of the proposed device for the simultaneous assessment of the force and strain distribution along the CFBG region using the wavelength shift and the full-width at half-maximum (FWHM), respectively. In these cases, the determination coefficients of the spectral features as a function of the force and strain distribution were higher than 0.99 in all analyzed cases, where a potential resolution of 0.25 N was obtained on the force assessment. In the dynamic tests, the frequency spectrum of the sensor responses indicated a frequency peak at the excited frequency in all analyzed cases. Therefore, the proposed sensor device is a suitable option to extend the performance of sensors for structural health assessment, since it is possible to simultaneously measure different parameters in dynamic and static conditions using only one sensor device, which, due to its multiplexing capabilities, can be integrated with additional optical fiber sensors for the complete shape reconstruction with millimeter-range spatial resolution. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Fiber Bragg Grating Sensing-2nd Edition)
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Review

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24 pages, 8145 KiB  
Review
Influence of Annealing on Polymer Optical Fiber Bragg Grating Inscription, Stability and Sensing: A Review
by Hang Qu, Weiyuan Huang, Zhoupeng Lin, Xin Cheng, Rui Min, Chuanxin Teng, Christophe Caucheteur and Xuehao Hu
Sensors 2023, 23(17), 7578; https://doi.org/10.3390/s23177578 - 31 Aug 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 999
Abstract
This article reviews recent research progress on the annealing effects on polymer optical fibers (POFs), which are of great importance for inscription, stability and sensing applications of fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) in POFs due to their unique properties related to polymer molecular chains. [...] Read more.
This article reviews recent research progress on the annealing effects on polymer optical fibers (POFs), which are of great importance for inscription, stability and sensing applications of fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) in POFs due to their unique properties related to polymer molecular chains. In this review, the principle of annealing to reduce frozen-in stress in POFs drawing and different annealing timings are firstly summarized. Then, the annealing methods for POFs are introduced under several different conditions (temperature, humidity, strain, stress and solution). Afterwards, the principle of FBGs and several inscription techniques are reported. Subsequently, the annealing effects on the properties of POFs and polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings (POFBGs) quality are discussed. Finally, the influence of annealing on POFBG sensitivity is summarized. Overall, this paper provides a comprehensive overview of annealing techniques and their impact on both POFs and POFBGs. We hope that it will highlight the important progress made in this field. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Fiber Bragg Grating Sensing-2nd Edition)
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