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Special Issue "Industry 4.0: From Future of IoT to Industrial IoT"

A special issue of Sensors (ISSN 1424-8220). This special issue belongs to the section "Internet of Things".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 January 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Sudan Jha
Website
Guest Editor
School of Computer Science and Engineering, Lovely Professional University
Dr. Hoang Viet Long
Website
Guest Editor
Faculty of Information Technology, People's Police University of Technology and Logistics, Bac Ninh, Viet Nam
Dr. Gyanendra Prasad Joshi
Website
Guest Editor
Intelligent Computing and Communication Lab, Sejong University, Sejong 05006, Korea
Interests: Sensor localization, Image Sensors, MAC and routing protocols for wireless sensor networks, cognitive radio Wireless Sensor Networks, RFID system, IoT, smart city, deep learning and digital convergence
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) has now become a reality in the context of industrial transformation. It is becoming increasingly more pervasive in the industry as digitization is becoming a business reality for many organizations in some of the most trending sectors, such as health, agriculture, manufacturing, logistics, oil and gas, energy, and other utilities. This has compelled scientists and researchers to contribute more to advanced techniques in the field of distributed computing, integrated artificial intelligence, data mining, data aviation, machine learning, M2M communication, and many more. The reason behind this is that smart machines are better than humans at accurately capturing, analyzing, and communicating real-time data. A typical IIoT system consists of intelligent systems (applications, controllers, sensors, and security mechanisms), data communication infrastructure (cloud computing, edge computing, etc.), data analytics (to support business intelligence and corporate decision making), and, most importantly, the human element. The benefits that IIoT promises include enhanced safety, better reliability, smart metering, inventory management, equipment tracking, facilities management, etc. There are, however, numerous issues as well that are becoming the focus of active research. These refer to concerns with respect to service availability, data security, and device communication. Lack of ubiquitous interoperability between heterogeneous devices is also a major concern. On the other hand, industry 4.0 is the information-intensive transformation trend towards automation and data exchange of manufacturing technologies and processes. It includes cyberphysical systems, the Internet of things, cloud computing and cognitive computing, and creating the smart factory.

In this Special Issue, we aim to bring together academic and industrial researchers to explore the opportunities of IIoT for upcoming various domains and to focus its impact on the solutions of the aforementioned challenges and propose feasible solutions. We encourage papers covering various topics of interest that include but are not limited to the following list:

  • Recent developments and future of IIoT
  • Distributed computing, Fog and cloud computing for IIoT
  • A historical roadmap from IoT–IIoT–Industry 4.0
  • Industrial IoT using digitization and automation
  • IIoT applications and use cases for Industry 4.0
  • Automation for industrial processes
  • Intelligence in industries
  • IIoT implementation with business perspective
  • Business cases for IIoT deployment
  • Integration of IIoT with data science
  • Examining the access network technology and protocols in IIoT
  • Interoperability, convergence, and security issues for IIoT
  • Artificial Intelligence and data integrity for IIoT applications
  • Industrial internet connectivity framework (IICF)
  • Role of IIoT vs. IoT for Smart manufacturing, farming, health, grids, etc.
  • Various networks for IIoT
  • Optimization techniques for IIoT
  • Smart industrial systems
  • IIoT architectures and frameworks
  • Sensor technology in IIoT

Papers must be tailored to the issues related to IIoT and its future trends in Industry 4.0 systems. The scope of the SI is not limited to the abovementioned topics. However, the editors maintain the right to reject papers they deem to be out of the scope of this SI. Only original, unpublished contributions and invited articles will be considered for the issue.

Dr. Sudan Jha
Dr. Hoang Viet Long
Dr. Gyanendra Prasad Joshi
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sensors is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • Industrial Internet of things (IIoT)
  • Cyber security, cyber-attacks
  • Big data, cloud computing, machine learning
  • Computer vision
  • Generic adversarial networks
  • Smart transportation and smart vehicles
  • Smart grid computing
  • Supply chain management
  • Geographical information system
  • Smart City, healthcare industry
  • Security, intrusion detection
  • IIoT WAN technologies and protocols

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

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Open AccessArticle
ITFDS: Channel-Aware Integrated Time and Frequency-Based Downlink LTE Scheduling in MANET
Sensors 2020, 20(12), 3394; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20123394 - 16 Jun 2020
Cited by 1
Abstract
One of the crucial problems in Industry 4.0 is how to strengthen the performance of mobile communication within mobile ad-hoc networks (MANETs) and mobile computational grids (MCGs). In communication, Industry 4.0 needs dynamic network connectivity with higher amounts of speed and bandwidth. In [...] Read more.
One of the crucial problems in Industry 4.0 is how to strengthen the performance of mobile communication within mobile ad-hoc networks (MANETs) and mobile computational grids (MCGs). In communication, Industry 4.0 needs dynamic network connectivity with higher amounts of speed and bandwidth. In order to support multiple users for video calling or conferencing with high-speed transmission rates and low packet loss, 4G technology was introduced by the 3G Partnership Program (3GPP). 4G LTE is a type of 4G technology in which LTE stands for Long Term Evolution, followed to achieve 4G speeds. 4G LTE supports multiple users for downlink with higher-order modulation up to 64 quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM). With wide coverage, high reliability and large capacity, LTE networks are widely used in Industry 4.0. However, there are many kinds of equipment with different quality of service (QoS) requirements. In the existing LTE scheduling methods, the scheduler in frequency domain packet scheduling exploits the spatial, frequency, and multi-user diversity to achieve larger MIMO for the required QoS level. On the contrary, time-frequency LTE scheduling pays attention to temporal and utility fairness. It is desirable to have a new solution that combines both the time and frequency domains for real-time applications with fairness among users. In this paper, we propose a channel-aware Integrated Time and Frequency-based Downlink LTE Scheduling (ITFDS) algorithm, which is suitable for both real-time and non-real-time applications. Firstly, it calculates the channel capacity and quality using the channel quality indicator (CQI). Additionally, data broadcasting is maintained by using the dynamic class-based establishment (DCE). In the time domain, we calculate the queue length before transmitting the next packets. In the frequency domain, we use the largest weight delay first (LWDF) scheduling algorithm to allocate resources to all users. All the allocations would be taken placed in the same transmission time interval (TTI). The new method is compared against the largest weighted delay first (LWDF), proportional fair (PF), maximum throughput (MT), and exponential/proportional fair (EXP/PF) methods. Experimental results show that the performance improves by around 12% compared with those other algorithms. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Industry 4.0: From Future of IoT to Industrial IoT)
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Open AccessArticle
Integrating IoT and Blockchain for Ensuring Road Safety: An Unconventional Approach
Sensors 2020, 20(11), 3296; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20113296 - 10 Jun 2020
Cited by 2
Abstract
The Internet of things (IoT), the Internet of vehicles, and blockchain technology have become very popular these days because of their versatility. Road traffic, which is increasing day by day, is causing more and more deaths worldwide. The world needs a product that [...] Read more.
The Internet of things (IoT), the Internet of vehicles, and blockchain technology have become very popular these days because of their versatility. Road traffic, which is increasing day by day, is causing more and more deaths worldwide. The world needs a product that would reduce the number of road accidents. This paper suggests combining IoT and blockchain technology to mitigate road hazards. The new intelligent transportation system technologies and the subsequent emergence of 5G technologies will be a blessing, delivering the necessary speed to ensure both safety and quality of service (QoS). Hashgraph technology, a distributed ledger technology is used to create communication networks between the different vehicles and other relevant parameters. Scheduling the requests according to the priorities for ensuring better QoS quotient can be effectively done using hashgraph. We demonstrated how the hashgraph outstrips other equivalents platforms. The proposed model was simulated using OMNeT++ with proper design and network description files. A hardware implementation of the proposed model was also done. Messages were transferred between the vehicles and prioritized using a hashgraph. This paper proposes an effective model in reducing the accidents in terms of parameters like speed, security, stability, and fairness. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Industry 4.0: From Future of IoT to Industrial IoT)
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Review

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Open AccessReview
Future Is Unlicensed: Private 5G Unlicensed Network for Connecting Industries of Future
Sensors 2020, 20(10), 2774; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20102774 - 13 May 2020
Cited by 3
Abstract
This paper aims to unlock the unlicensed band potential in realizing the Industry 4.0 communication goals of the Fifth-Generation (5G) and beyond. New Radio in the Unlicensed band (NR-U) is a new NR Release 16 mode of operation that has the capability to [...] Read more.
This paper aims to unlock the unlicensed band potential in realizing the Industry 4.0 communication goals of the Fifth-Generation (5G) and beyond. New Radio in the Unlicensed band (NR-U) is a new NR Release 16 mode of operation that has the capability to offer the necessary technology for cellular operators to integrate the unlicensed spectrum into 5G networks. NR-U enables both uplink and downlink operation in unlicensed bands, supporting 5G advanced features of ultra-high-speed, high bandwidth, low latency, and improvement in the reliability of wireless communications, which is essential to address massive-scale and highly-diverse future industrial networks. This paper highlights NR-U as a next-generation communication technology for smart industrial network communication and discusses the technology trends adopted by 5G in support of the Industry 4.0 revolution. However, due to operation in the shared/unlicensed spectrum, NR-U possesses several regulatory and coexistence challenges, limiting its application for operationally intensive environments such as manufacturing, supply chain, transportation systems, and energy. Thus, we discuss the significant challenges and potential solution approaches such as shared maximum channel occupancy time (MCOT), handover skipping, the self-organized network (SON), the adaptive back-off mechanism, and the multi-domain coexistence approach to overcome the unlicensed/shared band challenges and boost the realization of NR-U technology in mission-critical industrial applications. Further, we highlight the role of machine learning in providing the necessary intelligence and adaptation mechanisms for the realization of industrial 5G communication goals. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Industry 4.0: From Future of IoT to Industrial IoT)
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