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Intelligent Sensors and Robots for Ambient Assisted Living

A special issue of Sensors (ISSN 1424-8220). This special issue belongs to the section "Biosensors".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 July 2024 | Viewed by 1554

Special Issue Editor

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Guest Editor
International Institute of Biomechanics and Occupational Ergonomics, Université de Toulon, CS60584, 83041 Toulon, France
Interests: musculoskeletal disorders; systematic reviews and meta-analysis; occupational health; ergonomics; biomechanics; MSD prevalence; safety; public health
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

One of the challenges of the 21st century will be providing independent living assistance for the elderly and disabled. This aims to support informal and professional care-giving, to enhance the quality of life of older or disabled individuals, and enable them to live longer in their own homes safely and independently. Assisted living means developments and innovations in smart homes, social robots, human activity recognition, healthcare, emergency services, and health monitoring. In recent years, this field has benefited from emerging and innovative technologies from the fields of sensing, computing, robotics, and artificial intelligence.

This Special Issue on smart sensors and robots for Ambient Assisted Living aims to publish innovative research papers that present the latest theoretical advances or showcase the latest developments or emerging technologies in the applications of the following: robotic assistance for the elderly and disabled, healthcare, remote human monitoring, wearable biosensors, social robots, and artificial intelligence. Papers in the following fields are welcome:

  • Ambient intelligent systems;
  • Intelligent sensors;
  • Social Robotics;
  • Human–robot interaction;
  • Deep learning;
  • Medical diagnostics;
  • Biosignal processing for the recognition of human action;
  • Current state-of-the-art and future trends of ambient assisted living.

Prof. Dr. Philippe Gorce
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Published Papers (1 paper)

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26 pages, 1287 KiB  
Systematic Review
A State-of-the-Art of Exoskeletons in Line with the WHO’s Vision on Healthy Aging: From Rehabilitation of Intrinsic Capacities to Augmentation of Functional Abilities
by Rebeca Alejandra Gavrila Laic, Mahyar Firouzi, Reinhard Claeys, Ivan Bautmans, Eva Swinnen and David Beckwée
Sensors 2024, 24(7), 2230; - 30 Mar 2024
Viewed by 1226
The global aging population faces significant health challenges, including an increasing vulnerability to disability due to natural aging processes. Wearable lower limb exoskeletons (LLEs) have emerged as a promising solution to enhance physical function in older individuals. This systematic review synthesizes the use [...] Read more.
The global aging population faces significant health challenges, including an increasing vulnerability to disability due to natural aging processes. Wearable lower limb exoskeletons (LLEs) have emerged as a promising solution to enhance physical function in older individuals. This systematic review synthesizes the use of LLEs in alignment with the WHO’s healthy aging vision, examining their impact on intrinsic capacities and functional abilities. We conducted a comprehensive literature search in six databases, yielding 36 relevant articles covering older adults (65+) with various health conditions, including sarcopenia, stroke, Parkinson’s Disease, osteoarthritis, and more. The interventions, spanning one to forty sessions, utilized a range of LLE technologies such as Ekso®, HAL®, Stride Management Assist®, Honda Walking Assist®, Lokomat®, Walkbot®, Healbot®, Keeogo Rehab®, EX1®, overground wearable exoskeletons, Eksoband®, powered ankle–foot orthoses, HAL® lumbar type, Human Body Posturizer®, Gait Enhancing and Motivation System®, soft robotic suits, and active pelvis orthoses. The findings revealed substantial positive outcomes across diverse health conditions. LLE training led to improvements in key performance indicators, such as the 10 Meter Walk Test, Five Times Sit-to-Stand test, Timed Up and Go test, and more. Additionally, enhancements were observed in gait quality, joint mobility, muscle strength, and balance. These improvements were accompanied by reductions in sedentary behavior, pain perception, muscle exertion, and metabolic cost while walking. While longer intervention durations can aid in the rehabilitation of intrinsic capacities, even the instantaneous augmentation of functional abilities can be observed in a single session. In summary, this review demonstrates consistent and significant enhancements in critical parameters across a broad spectrum of health conditions following LLE interventions in older adults. These findings underscore the potential of LLE in promoting healthy aging and enhancing the well-being of older adults. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligent Sensors and Robots for Ambient Assisted Living)
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