Special Issue "Selected Reviews in Quantum Beam Science"

A special issue of Quantum Beam Science (ISSN 2412-382X).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 April 2018).

Special Issue Editor

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

After the successful launch of the journal Quantum Beam Science we are calling for Selected Reviews in Quantum Beam Science, to be compiled into a Special Issue.

This collection of review papers aims to highlight the latest and most promising research related to the development and application of quantum beam sources. The scope of this special issue includes all types of quantum beams, e.g. X-rays, neutrons, electrons, high-power lasers, muons, positrons, ions, gamma rays, etc. and applications, not solely but with emphasis where multiple techniques have been used in tandem.

Review topics could be application of such quantum beams such as relating to

  • advances in magnetism

  • thin films

  • bulk structural characterization

  • soft matter research

  • protein crystallography

  • application for the semiconductor industry

  • special classes of metals and intermetallics

  • surfaces and interfaces

  • scanning probe investigation

  • nuclear spectroscopy, excitation and transmutation

  • time-resolved and in-situ studies

  • materials under extreme conditions

  • applications to disciplines, i.e. biology, geology, physics, chemistry, engineering…

  • latest beam-optical advances, i.e. fully coherent scattering

  • overlap between vibrational spectroscopy and ultrafast scattering

  • fundamental physics and scattering theory

  • nanoparticles

  • amorphous materials

  • coping with water

  • methods in crystallography

  • optics of quantum beams

  • emerging possibilities and methods

  • materials under extreme conditions

  • nonlinear phenomena

  • Bose-Einstein condensates

  • momentum distributions

  • residual stress in engineering

  • forensics, archaeology, historic artifacts

  • exotic states of matter in the inner of stars and planets

As wide as the field itself, this list is by far not comprehensive. Both contributed and invited papers are sought for this issue. Ideas and initiatives are welcome to be discussed with the editors as well as expansions to further Special Issues as a Guest Editor.

Manuscripts should be of scientific or important informational context, addressed to a scientific audience, but with enough overview to address the interdisciplinary and newcomers to the field. Guidelines and preparation requirements are given in the instructions for authors (see the left-hand navigation on this page).

Papers will be published shortly after being accepted, therefore we seek submission at earliest convenience, while the deadline for submission is 30 April 2018.

Within this context, we invite you to contribute and be an active person in the new journal Quantum Beam Science.

Yours sincerely,

Prof. Dr. Klaus-Dieter Liss

Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Quantum Beam Science is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

 

Keywords

  • quantum beams

  • instrumentation

  • application

  • reviews

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Review

Open AccessReview
Real-Space Description of Dynamics of Liquids
Quantum Beam Sci. 2018, 2(4), 22; https://doi.org/10.3390/qubs2040022 - 28 Oct 2018
Cited by 1
Abstract
In strongly disordered matter, such as liquids and glasses, atomic and magnetic excitations are heavily damped and partially localized by disorder. Thus, the conventional descriptions in terms of phonons and magnons are inadequate, and we have to consider spatially correlated atomic and spin [...] Read more.
In strongly disordered matter, such as liquids and glasses, atomic and magnetic excitations are heavily damped and partially localized by disorder. Thus, the conventional descriptions in terms of phonons and magnons are inadequate, and we have to consider spatially correlated atomic and spin dynamics in real-space and time. Experimentally this means that the usual representation of dynamics in terms of the dynamic structure factor, S(Q, E), where Q and E are the momentum and energy exchanges in scattering, is insufficient. We propose a real-space description in terms of the dynamic pair-density function (DyPDF) and the Van Hove function (VHF) as an alternative, and discuss recent results on superfluid 4He by inelastic neutron scattering and water by inelastic X-ray scattering. Today much of the objects of research in condensed-matter physics and materials science are highly complex materials. To characterize the dynamics of such complex materials, the real-space approach is likely to become the mainstream method of research. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Reviews in Quantum Beam Science)
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Open AccessReview
Investigation of Structure and Dynamics in Disordered Materials Using Containerless Techniques with In-Situ Quantum Beam and Thermophysical Property Measurements
Quantum Beam Sci. 2018, 2(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/qubs2010005 - 26 Feb 2018
Abstract
The use of levitation (containerless) techniques can enable new scientific discoveries because deeply undercooled and metastable liquids can be achieved over a wide temperature range. This review article summarizes the state-of-art instrumentation for structure measurements at synchrotron radiation/neutron sources and for thermophysical property [...] Read more.
The use of levitation (containerless) techniques can enable new scientific discoveries because deeply undercooled and metastable liquids can be achieved over a wide temperature range. This review article summarizes the state-of-art instrumentation for structure measurements at synchrotron radiation/neutron sources and for thermophysical property measurements not only on the ground but also in microgravity utilizing the International Space Station (ISS). Furthermore, we introduce recent scientific topics on high-temperature oxide liquids and oxide glasses synthesized from levitated undercooled liquids by the use of quantum beam measurements analyzed using advanced computation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Reviews in Quantum Beam Science)
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Open AccessReview
X-Ray Diffraction under Extreme Conditions at the Advanced Light Source
Quantum Beam Sci. 2018, 2(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/qubs2010004 - 23 Jan 2018
Cited by 5
Abstract
The more than a century-old technique of X-ray diffraction in either angle or energy dispersive mode has been used to probe materials’ microstructure in a number of ways, including phase identification, stress measurements, structure solutions, and the determination of physical properties such as [...] Read more.
The more than a century-old technique of X-ray diffraction in either angle or energy dispersive mode has been used to probe materials’ microstructure in a number of ways, including phase identification, stress measurements, structure solutions, and the determination of physical properties such as compressibility and phase transition boundaries. The study of high-pressure and high-temperature materials has strongly benefitted from this technique when combined with the high brilliance source provided by third generation synchrotron facilities, such as the Advanced Light Source (ALS) (Berkeley, CA, USA). Here we present a brief review of recent work at this facility in the field of X-ray diffraction under extreme conditions, including an overview of diamond anvil cells, X-ray diffraction, and a summary of three beamline capabilities conducting X-ray diffraction high-pressure research in the diamond anvil cell. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Reviews in Quantum Beam Science)
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Open AccessReview
Single Crystal Diffuse Neutron Scattering
Quantum Beam Sci. 2018, 2(1), 2; https://doi.org/10.3390/qubs2010002 - 11 Jan 2018
Cited by 3
Abstract
Diffuse neutron scattering has become a valuable tool for investigating local structure in materials ranging from organic molecular crystals containing only light atoms to piezo-ceramics that frequently contain heavy elements. Although neutron sources will never be able to compete with X-rays in terms [...] Read more.
Diffuse neutron scattering has become a valuable tool for investigating local structure in materials ranging from organic molecular crystals containing only light atoms to piezo-ceramics that frequently contain heavy elements. Although neutron sources will never be able to compete with X-rays in terms of the available flux the special properties of neutrons, viz. the ability to explore inelastic scattering events, the fact that scattering lengths do not vary systematically with atomic number and their ability to scatter from magnetic moments, provides strong motivation for developing neutron diffuse scattering methods. In this paper, we compare three different instruments that have been used by us to collect neutron diffuse scattering data. Two of these are on a spallation source and one on a reactor source. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Reviews in Quantum Beam Science)
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