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Quantum Beam Sci. 2018, 2(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/qubs2010005

Investigation of Structure and Dynamics in Disordered Materials Using Containerless Techniques with In-Situ Quantum Beam and Thermophysical Property Measurements

1
Synchrotron X-ray Group, Light/Quantum Beam Field, Research Center for Advanced Measurement and Characterization, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148, Japan
2
Topological Analysis Group, Information Integrated Materials Design Field, Center for Materials Research by Information Integration, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaragi 305-0047, Japan
3
Research & Utilization Division, Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5198, Japan
4
PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, 7 Gobancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0076, Japan
5
Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS), Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8505, Japan
6
Materials Development, Inc., Arlington Heights, IL 60004, USA
7
Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 December 2017 / Revised: 13 February 2018 / Accepted: 21 February 2018 / Published: 26 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Reviews in Quantum Beam Science)
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Abstract

The use of levitation (containerless) techniques can enable new scientific discoveries because deeply undercooled and metastable liquids can be achieved over a wide temperature range. This review article summarizes the state-of-art instrumentation for structure measurements at synchrotron radiation/neutron sources and for thermophysical property measurements not only on the ground but also in microgravity utilizing the International Space Station (ISS). Furthermore, we introduce recent scientific topics on high-temperature oxide liquids and oxide glasses synthesized from levitated undercooled liquids by the use of quantum beam measurements analyzed using advanced computation. View Full-Text
Keywords: quantum beams; aerodynamic levitation; acoustic levitation; electrostatic levitation; containerless technique; high-temperature liquids; thermophysical properties; synchrotron X-ray diffraction; neutron diffraction; structure of glasses and liquids quantum beams; aerodynamic levitation; acoustic levitation; electrostatic levitation; containerless technique; high-temperature liquids; thermophysical properties; synchrotron X-ray diffraction; neutron diffraction; structure of glasses and liquids
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Kohara, S.; Ohara, K.; Ishikawa, T.; Tamaru, H.; Weber, R. Investigation of Structure and Dynamics in Disordered Materials Using Containerless Techniques with In-Situ Quantum Beam and Thermophysical Property Measurements. Quantum Beam Sci. 2018, 2, 5.

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