Identification and Characterization of the Genes Involved in the Plant Cell Wall Biosynthesis and Regulation

A special issue of Plants (ISSN 2223-7747). This special issue belongs to the section "Plant Cell Biology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 August 2024 | Viewed by 2667

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Winifred Asbjornson Plant Sciences Endowed Chair, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT, USA
Interests: cell walls; cellulose; lignin; biofuels; cellulose synthesis; genome editing

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Guest Editor
Research Scientist, IGCAST, Plant and Soil Science,Department of Plant and Soil Science,Texas Tech University, Experimental Sciences Building II, Room 210B, 1006 Canton Ave. Lubbock, TX 79409-2122
Interests: Cell wall biology; Genome editing; Functional and biochemical characterization of plant genes; engineerring of cell biosynthesis gene

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Guest Editor
Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Interests: plant cell walls; spatial multi-omics analysis; molecular and biochemical aspect of plant development

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues

The cell wall plays a significant role in plant development and biotic and abiotic stress responses. The dynamic nature of the cell wall helps the plants alter their composition and structure to cope with different conditions during the plant growth, development, and stress responses. The latest discoveries also indicate the role of light in cell wall biosynthesis, structure, and composition. Further, cell walls, being the major component of plant dry biomass, could be the most promising targets for biofuels, bioenergy, and bioproducts. Even though the concept of cell wall engineering or altering lignocellulosic biomass is relatively recent, it is becoming easier due to the recent advancement of plant genome editing, system biology, and bioinformatics. In addition to editing the enzyme-encoding genes, genome editing technology could be used to alter the expression of many transcription factor genes, which could ultimately change cell wall characteristics for fundamental and applied purposes in model and crop plants.

Open access journals are a way of conveying the latest research outcomes to a broad range of readers, as opposed to just specialized researchers. Special Issues of journals can be a collection of otherwise dispersed information and enhance intensive discussion on the issues of focus. We therefore decided to open a Special Issue focused on “The regulation of cell wall synthesis in model and crop plants” in the journal Plants. This Special Issue will accept papers from a broad scope of interdisciplinary research on genes involved in the plant cell wall biosynthesis and regulation, ranging from fundamental research to practical applications. Computational and bioinformatic studies in this area fall within the scope. Original research papers, methods, reviews, and perspectives are also welcome.  

Particularly welcome are research papers on the following topics:

  • Identification and characterization of genes involved in plant cell wall synthesis and degradation;
  • The application of genome editing in engineering plant cell wall biosynthesis genes;
  • Bioinformatics 3D mechanical modeling of plant cell wall morphogenesis;
  • Plant cell wall engineering for bioproducts, bioenergy, and biofuel production;
  • The role of plant cell walls in abiotic stress adaptation and tolerance mechanisms;
  • The role of plant carbon allocation in cell wall biosynthesis.

Dr. Venugopal Mendu
Dr. Kaushik Ghose
Dr. Vimal Kumar Balasubramanian
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Plants is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2700 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • plant cell wall
  • glycosyltransferase
  • plant cell wall genes
  • genome editing
  • biofuels
  • bioenergy
  • 3D modelling
  • bioinformatics

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

13 pages, 2680 KiB  
Article
WAKL8 Regulates Arabidopsis Stem Secondary Wall Development
by Yingxuan Ma, Luke Stafford, Julian Ratcliffe, Antony Bacic and Kim L. Johnson
Plants 2022, 11(17), 2297; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11172297 - 2 Sep 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2249
Abstract
Wall-associated kinases/kinase-likes (WAKs/WAKLs) are plant cell surface sensors. A variety of studies have revealed the important functions of WAKs/WAKLs in regulating cell expansion and defense in cells with primary cell walls. Less is known about their roles during the development of the secondary [...] Read more.
Wall-associated kinases/kinase-likes (WAKs/WAKLs) are plant cell surface sensors. A variety of studies have revealed the important functions of WAKs/WAKLs in regulating cell expansion and defense in cells with primary cell walls. Less is known about their roles during the development of the secondary cell walls (SCWs) that are present in xylem vessel (XV) and interfascicular fiber (IF) cells. In this study, we used RNA-seq data to screen Arabidopsis thaliana WAKs/WAKLs members that may be involved in SCW development and identified WAKL8 as a candidate. We obtained T-DNA insertion mutants wakl8-1 (inserted at the promoter region) and wakl8-2 (inserted at the first exon) and compared the phenotypes to wild-type (WT) plants. Decreased WAKL8 transcript levels in stems were found in the wakl8-2 mutant plants, and the phenotypes observed included reduced stem length and thinner walls in XV and IFs compared with those in the WT plants. Cell wall analysis showed no significant changes in the crystalline cellulose or lignin content in mutant stems compared with those in the WT. We found that WAKL8 had alternative spliced versions predicted to have only extracellular regions, which may interfere with the function of the full-length version of WAKL8. Our results suggest WAKL8 can regulate SCW thickening in Arabidopsis stems. Full article
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