Special Issue "Biomineralization in Marine Environments"

A special issue of Minerals (ISSN 2075-163X). This special issue belongs to the section "Biomineralization and Biominerals".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 October 2022 | Viewed by 300

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Chiara Lombardi
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
ENEA Marine Environment Research Centre, Via Forte Santa Teresa, 19032 La Spezia, Italy
Interests: bryozoa; experimental ecology; biomineralization; marine bioconstructional ecosistems; climate change
Dr. Paul D. Taylor
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Departments of Earth and Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, London SW7 5HD, UK
Interests: bryozoa; fossil invertebrates
Dr. Frédéric Marin
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
UMR CNRS-EPHE 6282 Biogéosciences, Université de Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, 6 Boulevard Gabriel, 21000 Dijon, France
Interests: biomineralization; mollusks; skeletal organic matrices; evolution; diagenesis; proteomics
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Biomineralization in marine environments encompasses a variety of complex processes that have been shaped through the vastness of geological time. Both biomineralizing algae and animals are characterized by extremely specialized physiological pathways that are able to precipitate biominerals, the bricks of mineralized structures. The first evidence of such structures dates back to the Neoproterozoic period (740 million years ago), but it is only from the Cambrian period (540 million years ago) that biominerals become abundant in many different marine phyla.

Nowadays, marine biomineralizers are ubiquitous in the ocean and have adapted to live in extremely diverse environments, from polar regions to the tropics, and are well represented across taxa, showing a great variety of physiologies, anatomies, and habitats. The processes of biomineral formation, which involve molecules, structures, cells, and the whole ecosystem, are biologically driven but extremely complex, and most of the biomineralizing taxa are largely unknown. Furthermore, how the conditions and the location (i.e., molecular, structural, cellular level) of the environment influence the biomineral formation within taxa is still unclear.

Both unicellular, such as cocolothophores and foraminifera, or multicellular reef-forming contributors such as coralline algae, bryozoans, and corals, are all marine biomineralizers that represent a great resource for the oceans of the future. The results of complex physiologies are organisms that are able to provide several ecosystem services, such as those related to climate regulation (i.e., carbonate storage), food provisioning (i.e., shellfish production), and habitat support (i.e., biodiversity promotion) as well as cultural services (i.e., diving or snorkeling activities). More than 60 different minerals are known in modern organisms, and new biominerals as well as associated molecules continue to be discovered, representing important resources for other applications (i.e., pharmaceutics). Thus, there is a growing need to fill gaps in the biomineralization knowledge within taxa to understand the fate of marine biomineralizers in the oceans of the future.

This Special Issue welcomes all type of papers on biomineralization in marine organisms, from molecules, structures, cells, and the whole ecosystem, including the evolution of biomineralization over time and future adaptive strategies for biomineralizers that under climate change threats.

Dr. Chiara Lombardi
Dr. Paul Taylor
Dr. Frédéric Marin
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Minerals is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • biomineralization
  • evolution
  • climate change
  • molecules
  • biomineralized structure
  • ecosystems

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission.
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