Anthropic Infrastructures in the Landscape: Ecological Effects on Terrestrial Ecosystems

A special issue of Land (ISSN 2073-445X).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 May 2022) | Viewed by 3062

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Assistant Professor of Department of Forest and Environmental Engineering and Management, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Interests: environmental assessment; health impact assessment; noise pollution in nature and urban green areas; bioacoustics; soundscape ecology and habitat fragmentation

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Guest Editor
1. Department of Ecological Dynamics, Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research (IZW), 10315 Berlin, Germany
2. Berlin-Brandenburg Institute of Advanced Biodiversity Research (BBIB), 10315 Berlin, Germany
Interests: human disturbance; species interactions; species distributions; predator–prey interactions; urban ecology; road ecology

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Anthropic infrastructures are needed in society today, and more are expected to be built in the near future. They can become an important component of landscapes and can have profound effects on ecosystems. Indeed, anthropic infrastructures may function as drivers of change at several spatial and temporal scales, even more so in the case of modern infrastructures that are needed to meet the current demand of goods and services worldwide. Anthropic infrastructures in the landscape comprise roads, railways, airports, pipelines, powerlines, wind turbines, dams, water channels, and solar farms, among others.

Landscape changes may affect both the social sphere (e.g., land use, human activities) and the environment (e.g., biodiversity conservation, ecosystem functions) directly or indirectly. In addition, changes may occur at every scale, from local to large geographical areas, which have consequences over any biotic (from individuals to the communities) or abiotic component of the environment (i.e., atmosphere, lithosphere or hydrosphere) and occur before, during, and after construction.

This Special Issue on anthropic infrastructures in the landscape aims to present a variety of studies which explore dynamics and interactions between infrastructures and any component of the environment. Contributions on conceptual, methodological, and case-based studies on this matter are welcome.

Dr. Carlos Iglesias-Merchan
Dr. Aimara Planillo
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • anthropogenic disturbance
  • basic design
  • dam
  • ecosystem services
  • green infrastructure
  • land use change
  • pipeline
  • road ecology
  • water channel
  • wind turbine

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

13 pages, 2354 KiB  
Article
Identifying Key Sites of Green Infrastructure to Support Ecological Restoration in the Urban Agglomeration
by Hui Sun, Chunhui Liu and Jiaxing Wei
Land 2021, 10(11), 1196; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10111196 - 5 Nov 2021
Cited by 12 | Viewed by 2272
Abstract
The loss and fragmentation of natural space has placed tremendous pressure on green infrastructure (GI), especially in urban agglomeration areas. It is of great importance to identify key sites of GI, which are used to economically and efficiently restore urban ecological network. However, [...] Read more.
The loss and fragmentation of natural space has placed tremendous pressure on green infrastructure (GI), especially in urban agglomeration areas. It is of great importance to identify key sites of GI, which are used to economically and efficiently restore urban ecological network. However, in the existing research, few scholars have explored the identification and application of GI key sites. Taking the Southern Jiangsu Urban Agglomeration as an example, based on the ecosystem service assessment and landscape connectivity analysis, we identified the multi-class key sites of GI in the study area by MSPA, InVEST model, MCR model, and Linkage mapper. The results showed that: (1) a total of 60 GI sources and 130 GI corridors were extracted. The ecological resources of the study area were densely distributed in the north and south and sparsely in the middle. (2) Three-hundred eighty GI key sites were identified, including 53 water ecological points, 251 ecological fracture points, and 76 ecological pinch points. The GI key sites we identified were large in number and widely distributed, yet were hardly included in the existing ecological protection policies. These key sites should be prioritized in GI planning and differentiated for management strategies, ensuring that limited land resources and public funds can be directed to where restoration is really needed. The present study provides land managers and urban planners with additional tools to better understand how to effectively restore and develop the ecosystems of urban agglomerations in the context of scarce land resources. Full article
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