Common Properties for the Sustainable Management of Territories

A special issue of Land (ISSN 2073-445X).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 April 2024 | Viewed by 8134

Special Issue Editors


E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Architecture and Industrial Design, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Via San Lorenzo ad Septimum, 81031 Aversa, Italy
Interests: sustainable development; appraisal and evaluation; urban and environmental economics
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
*
Website
Guest Editor
Presidente del Centro Studi e Documentazione sui Demani Civici e le Proprietà Collettive, Università degli Studi di Trento, 38123 Trento, Italy
Interests: managing complex commons; mountain areas; environmental economics
* We dedicate the memory of the editor, Prof. Dr. Pietro Nervi, who passed away during this special issue period.

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Although environmental protection goals have become primary and essential to achieve sustainable development, climate change together with the COVID-19 pandemic have made it even more urgent to intervene to protect and restore the biodiversity upon which the future of the planet and, therefore, human well-being depend.

In recent decades, the concept of biodiversity conservation has evolved thanks also to the crucial contribution of local communities in protecting the natural environment. In this perspective, an aspect of significant and renewed interest is represented by common properties—those resources that, by tradition, local communities own and manage collectively and which generally concern forests, woods, pastures, waterways, etc. They are institutions, currently custodians of multiple values—tangible and intangible—that have played a fundamental role in the conservation of natural resources and that can now make it possible to rediscover new forms of sustainable and solidarity-based territory management.

Contrary to the inevitability of Garrett Hardin’s tragic predictions and in line with the research started by Elinor Ostrom, local communities’ ability to successfully manage common properties on the basis of principles of solidarity and in a long-term intergenerational perspective is increasingly acknowledged.

In the face of growing awareness of the vital role that collective properties can play in the pursuit of environmental goals at the global level, there is still much to be done both in terms of recognition and evaluation as well as support.

The aim of this Special Issue is to promote an international and interdisciplinary scientific comparison on the broad and complex theme of common properties, both in terms of environmental protection and territorial economic, social and cultural development policies.

  • Actions and tools for the valorization of commons properties;
  • Values and evaluations of common properties;
  • Biodiversity and ecosystem services object of collective ownership;
  • Governance and use of collectively owned resources;
  • Models of the use of collective properties;
  • Common properties and new roles in territorial governance;
  • Innovative forms of common properties management;
  • Economy of places.

Dr. Fabiana Forte
Prof. Dr. Pietro Nervi
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Land is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • common properties
  • biodiversity conservation
  • local communities
  • sustainable management
  • values and valuation

Published Papers (5 papers)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

22 pages, 1853 KiB  
Article
Common-Property Resource Exploitation: A Real Options Approach
by Chiara D’Alpaos, Michele Moretto and Paolo Rosato
Land 2023, 12(7), 1304; https://doi.org/10.3390/land12071304 - 28 Jun 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1169
Abstract
Agricultural land and forestlands can have multiple uses and generate multiple sources of utility. Although landowners benefit from most of them, society can benefit from others because of their intrinsic characteristics as common-property resources and customary practice. In many Italian territories, the picking [...] Read more.
Agricultural land and forestlands can have multiple uses and generate multiple sources of utility. Although landowners benefit from most of them, society can benefit from others because of their intrinsic characteristics as common-property resources and customary practice. In many Italian territories, the picking of mushrooms is allowed on privately owned agricultural land and in forests. The management of these resources is challenging due to the emerging conflicts between landowners and users. In addition, the pressure exerted by users gives rise to issues on stock preservation, thus contributing to putting biodiversity at risk in contexts already heavily jeopardized by modern agriculture. Through the years, regulation established the primacy of the landowner’s right, introduced a permit fee for users, and set limits on the resource stock to be collected daily. Nonetheless, the relationship between public and private interests in common-property resource exploitation is still controversial. In this paper, we investigate and model a right holder’s decision whether to exploit a common-property resource according to their actual status of being an actual or potential user. The model is developed within the real options valuation framework. In detail, we investigate the entry/exit decision on the exploitation of the resource by considering the uncertainty that affects the resource stock, the entry/exist costs, and the number of rival users. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Common Properties for the Sustainable Management of Territories)
Show Figures

Figure 1

17 pages, 1205 KiB  
Article
Usi Civici: Open Evaluation Issues in the Italian Legal Framework on Civic Use Properties
by Danny Casprini, Alessandra Oppio and Francesca Torrieri
Land 2023, 12(4), 871; https://doi.org/10.3390/land12040871 - 12 Apr 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1116
Abstract
Physical spaces and assets vary in legal nature and as such can be subjected to both private and public ownership. Therefore, rights and obligations connected with the use and enjoyment of the different goods depends on the juridic nature of the good itself. [...] Read more.
Physical spaces and assets vary in legal nature and as such can be subjected to both private and public ownership. Therefore, rights and obligations connected with the use and enjoyment of the different goods depends on the juridic nature of the good itself. In the Italian legal framework, private goods are subject to homogeneous regulation, whereas public goods might comprehend a plethora of heterogeneous categories each of them featuring a specific legal regulation. Among those, collective-owned goods present a complex case as they have the typical characteristics of common goods but might be the object of specific rival and exclusive rights that are guaranteed to certain communities with the system of “civic use rights” (usi civici). This peculiar legal regime is typical of rural areas, where, traditionally, common ownership of the land was pursued and encouraged resulting in the creation of a common agri-sylvan-pastoral heritage. As such, the areas susceptible to being left behind or even abandoned due to a lack of public resources or initiatives that can foster their intrinsic cultural, social, and economic value. We intend collective goods to be long-term physical assets that trigger ecosystems of social entrepreneurial, innovative partnerships, and impact investing that can meet long-lasting and/or emerging social and collective needs. This paper aims to achieve two objectives. Firstly, we investigate the Italian juridical regime of “shared-ownership rights” and “civic use rights” aiming to define a taxonomy that provides support in categorising these goods according to pre-defined legal clusters. Secondly, we explore the evaluation issues related to land appraisal processes. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Common Properties for the Sustainable Management of Territories)
Show Figures

Figure 1

38 pages, 10323 KiB  
Article
People, Property and Territory: Valuation Perspectives and Economic Prospects for the Trazzera Regional Property Reuse in Sicily
by Maria Rosa Trovato, Salvatore Giuffrida, Giuseppe Collesano, Ludovica Nasca and Filippo Gagliano
Land 2023, 12(4), 789; https://doi.org/10.3390/land12040789 - 31 Mar 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1135
Abstract
As in many parts of Italy and Europe, the Sicilian Trazzera regional property has been for a long time the main land infrastructure supporting the agro-pastoral economy. Throughout its slow evolution, this land heritage has been affected by transport transformations and illegal appropriations [...] Read more.
As in many parts of Italy and Europe, the Sicilian Trazzera regional property has been for a long time the main land infrastructure supporting the agro-pastoral economy. Throughout its slow evolution, this land heritage has been affected by transport transformations and illegal appropriations by neighboring landowners, which have reduced its potential public function in the current renewed prospects of sustainability and a new balance between territories concerning the issue of the inland areas. A further issue concerns the management of the relationship between private interest and prospects for public reuse in progressively urbanized territorial contexts where this infrastructure takes on considerable economic and real estate interest. The current regional legislation suggests some measures for inter-municipal planning that also include the legitimization of illegal appropriations. From this twofold prospect, according to the wide-spread information and communication technologies (ICTs), and also including the geographic information systems (GIS), this work provides the application of two assessment tools based on a GeoDatabase of the current heard roads in the two areas of quantitative–monetary and aesthetic–qualitative assessment. The first shows the extent to which the fair compensation to be charged for legitimizing land parcels is underestimated today, to the detriment of urban social fixed capital development. The second demonstrates the way that common awareness of landscape value can be nurtured for the benefit of land and ecological–environmental rebalancing. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Common Properties for the Sustainable Management of Territories)
Show Figures

Figure 1

21 pages, 310 KiB  
Article
Common Property in Italy. Unresolved Issues and an Appraisal Approach: Towards a Definition of Environmental-Economic Civic Value
by Fabrizio Battisti and Carlo Pisano
Land 2022, 11(11), 1927; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11111927 - 29 Oct 2022
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 1416
Abstract
Common property represents a particularly topical and complex issue in Italy due to the widespread (10% of) Italian territory, with millions of buildings built on it and the lack of a clear legal status regarding their alienability and eliminability. Usually known as civic [...] Read more.
Common property represents a particularly topical and complex issue in Italy due to the widespread (10% of) Italian territory, with millions of buildings built on it and the lack of a clear legal status regarding their alienability and eliminability. Usually known as civic uses, these rights include various forms of collective enjoyment that are recognized by the Italian legal system, such as grazing; hunting; and the right to fell timber, gather firewood, and sow crops. A recent legislative initiative overcame the concept of “eliminating” civic use by introducing the concept of “exchange”, but the unique indication given by the law on how to operate the exchange established the equivalence of the environmental value of the land subject to exchange itself. In the present article, the characteristics of the environmental value or Environmental–Economic Civic Value of land subject to exchange are defined. Consequently, appropriate evaluation procedures/models that could be adopted for ascertaining the environmental value of areas encumbered by civic use that are to be exchanged are identified, considering the different territorial conditions of the presence of civic uses and land areas (land currently encumbered/the land to be encumbered) where an exchange can take place. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Common Properties for the Sustainable Management of Territories)
12 pages, 2170 KiB  
Article
Innovative Local Development Initiatives in the Eastern Alps: Forest Therapy, Land Consolidation Associations and Mountaineering Villages
by Ivana Bassi, Matteo Carzedda and Luca Iseppi
Land 2022, 11(6), 874; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11060874 - 08 Jun 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1986
Abstract
Since the 19th century, Italy’s mountain regions have suffered from depopulation and land abandonment. How can we counter this phenomenon? Here, we present three cases of innovative and participatory approaches implemented in the Eastern Alps of Friuli Venezia Giulia. Forest therapy is a [...] Read more.
Since the 19th century, Italy’s mountain regions have suffered from depopulation and land abandonment. How can we counter this phenomenon? Here, we present three cases of innovative and participatory approaches implemented in the Eastern Alps of Friuli Venezia Giulia. Forest therapy is a new approach to medical therapy based on the beneficial effects on the human health of frequenting forests. It also has the potential to provide space for local economic initiatives, e.g., hospitality services. Land consolidation associations were created in France to collectively restore the productivity of fragmented and abandoned farmland. They can evolve into long-term planning for the conservation of landed wealth and the valorization of territories. Finally, Mountaineering villages have the potential to develop a more sustainable form of tourism by fostering a sense of responsibility for the natural and cultural heritage of the European Alps, in accordance with the Alpine Convention. These initiatives share the involvement of local actors in the definition of local development strategies, the capability of enhancing endogenous resources and increasing the environmental value of places, the importance of offering qualified and organized services, and the ability to support the local socioeconomic system. The adoption of innovative and participatory approaches such as these has the potential to revert depopulation and economic depression trends in mountain areas. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Common Properties for the Sustainable Management of Territories)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Back to TopTop