High Performance Fiber-Reinforced Cementitious Composites

A special issue of Journal of Composites Science (ISSN 2504-477X). This special issue belongs to the section "Fiber Composites".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (28 February 2022) | Viewed by 14370

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Interests: fiber-reinforced polymer composites; fiber-reinforced cementitious composites; multiple functional coating; geopolymer concrete; durability and life cycle management of concrete infrastructure
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Guest Editor
School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798, Singapore
Interests: high-performance fiber-reinforced cementitious composites (HPFRCC); strain hardening cementitious composites (SHCC); micromechanics of fiber composites
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Institute of Advanced Engineering Structures, College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
Interests: resilient and sustainable infrastructures; sustainable building materials; advanced composites for construction; green construction techniques; high-performance concrete materials and structures
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

High-performance fiber-reinforced cementtitious composites (HPFRCC) are a new category of fiber-reinforced concrete and have attracted a great deal of attention in both research and applications in recent years. HPFRCC is featured with multiple cracking, strain hardening, and higher strain capacity at peak stress. Due to its excellent mechanical and miscrostrcutural properteis, HPFRCC has great potential for use both in new construction of concrete structures for improved durabilty and sustainaiblity and in upgrading existing concrete structures for the purpose of service life extension. A lot of studies have demonstrated the signfiicant advantages offered by the HPFRCC in various types of engineering applications, such as building, bridges, pavement, tunnels, dams, ports, and other civil infrastrucutres. However, there are still a number of technical and implementation issues that need to be addressed before making HPFRCC a mainstream construction material. This Special Issue aims to disseminate the most recent avances and development in this rapidly growing research field.

We invite authors to submit original research and review articles dealing with the issues on research and application of HPFRRCC. Potential topics include but are not limited to:

  • Fresh and hardened properties;
  • Test methods of HPFRCC;
  • Bond and pull-out behavior;
  • Micromechanics;
  • Microstructures;
  • Ultrahigh performance FRCC;
  • HPFRCC based on new cement binders;
  • Engineered geopolymer composites;
  • Seawater seasand HPFRCC;
  • Tension stiffening;
  • Strain rate effect;
  • Size effect;
  • Fatigue;
  • Seismic performance;
  • Fire performance;
  • Self-healing performance;
  • Durability;
  • Repair;
  • Strengthening;
  • Permanent formwork;
  • 3D printing;
  • Functionally graded structures;
  • New structural forms
  • Modelling

Prof. Jian-Guo Dai
Prof. En-Hua Yang
Dr. Bo-Tao Huang
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Journal of Composites Science is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Fibers
  • Cementitious composites
  • High performance
  • Ultrahigh performance
  • Strain hardening
  • Multiple cracking
  • Micromechanics
  • Cement chemistry
  • Mechanical performance
  • Durability
  • Rheology
  • Microstructures
  • Manufacture
  • Characterization method
  • Structural application
  • Composite structures
  • Extreme loading condition
  • Extreme environmental condition

Published Papers (6 papers)

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Research

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17 pages, 4062 KiB  
Article
Nanomodified Basalt Fiber Cement Composite with Bottom Ash
by Roman Fediuk, Natalia Makarova, Andrey Kozin, Maksim Lomov, Victoria Petropavlovskaya, Tatiana Novichenkova, Xiao Wenxu, Mikhail Sulman and Kirill Petropavlovskii
J. Compos. Sci. 2023, 7(3), 96; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs7030096 - 03 Mar 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1310
Abstract
Directed control of the process of structure formation of a cement composite from modern positions must be carried out taking into account the synergistic effect of its components. In particular, the cement composite, when applied with pozzolanic additives and fiber reinforcement, is transformed [...] Read more.
Directed control of the process of structure formation of a cement composite from modern positions must be carried out taking into account the synergistic effect of its components. In particular, the cement composite, when applied with pozzolanic additives and fiber reinforcement, is transformed into a more complex material with excellent performance. The aim of the article is to study the combined action of nanomodified basalt fiber (NBF) and bottom ash (BA) as structural elements of concrete. To achieve this aim, a number of tasks were performed, including the development of nanomodified-basalt-fiber–bottom-ash–cement concretes, as well as the study of their fresh, physical and mechanical properties (flowability, average density, compressive and flexural strength, elastic modulus and crack resistance) and durability characteristics (water, frost and abrasion resistance). A series of nanomodified basalt-fiber-reinforced concretes (from 0 to 7 wt.% NBF) were developed, in which the economical Portland cement CEM I 32.5 N was replaced by up to 45 wt.% mechanically activated bottom ash residue (400 m2/kg). An economical superplasticizer with a high water-reducing capacity (35%) made it possible to achieve uniform flowability of the mixes (slump 20–22 cm and slump flow 45–52 cm). The combined effect of BA and NBF provides control over the structure formation of cement materials, which ensures the redistribution of internal stresses from shrinkage deformations throughout the entire volume of the composite; under loading, the process of crack formation slows down, the stress concentration near structural defects decreases, and stresses are redistributed in the microstructure of the cement composite between its components. Perfect values of mechanical properties (compressive strength up to 59.2 MPa, flexural strength up to 17.8 MPa, elastic modulus up to 52.6 GPa, critical stress intensity factor 0.507 MPa m0.5) are explained by the complex action of the ash residue and nanomodified basalt fibers. A mix with 30 wt.% BA and 5 wt.% NBF is characterized by water resistance grade W18, frost resistance class F400 and abrasion resistance 0.59 g/cm2, which confirms the high wear resistance of the developed materials. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue High Performance Fiber-Reinforced Cementitious Composites)
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17 pages, 6879 KiB  
Article
Influence of Matrix Strength on Bridging Performance of Fiber-Reinforced Cementitious Composite with Bundled Aramid Fiber
by Toshiyuki Kanakubo, Haohui Shi and Jin Wang
J. Compos. Sci. 2022, 6(5), 131; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs6050131 - 28 Apr 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1886
Abstract
The bundled aramid fiber has good bond properties in the cementitious matrix, and is expected to have high bridging performance in the fiber-reinforced cementitious composite (FRCC). To investigate the influence of matrix strength on the bridging performance of FRCC with the bundled aramid [...] Read more.
The bundled aramid fiber has good bond properties in the cementitious matrix, and is expected to have high bridging performance in the fiber-reinforced cementitious composite (FRCC). To investigate the influence of matrix strength on the bridging performance of FRCC with the bundled aramid fiber, the uniaxial tension test of FRCC, the pullout test for an individual fiber, and the calculation of bridging law are conducted with the main parameters of matrix strength and fiber volume fraction. From the test results, the maximum tensile load of FRCC and the maximum pullout load of an individual fiber increase as the matrix strength also increases. The calculation result of the bridging law considering the effect of matrix strength expresses the bridging performance of the bundled aramid fiber well. The calculation result also shows that the bridging strength has a linear relationship up to a compressive strength of around 50 MPa. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue High Performance Fiber-Reinforced Cementitious Composites)
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20 pages, 6569 KiB  
Article
Self-Healing Potential and Post-Cracking Tensile Behavior of Polypropylene Fiber-Reinforced Cementitious Composites
by Mohit Garg, Pejman Azarsa and Rishi Gupta
J. Compos. Sci. 2021, 5(5), 122; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs5050122 - 07 May 2021
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 2237
Abstract
The use of synthetic fibers as reinforcement in fiber-reinforced cementitious composites (FRCC) demonstrates a combination of better ductile response vis-à-vis metallic ones, enhanced durability in a high pH environment, and resistance to corrosion as well as self-healing capabilities. This study explores the effect [...] Read more.
The use of synthetic fibers as reinforcement in fiber-reinforced cementitious composites (FRCC) demonstrates a combination of better ductile response vis-à-vis metallic ones, enhanced durability in a high pH environment, and resistance to corrosion as well as self-healing capabilities. This study explores the effect of macro- and micro-scale polypropylene (PP) fibers on post-crack energy, ductility, and the self-healing potential of FRCC. Laboratory results indicate a significant change in fracture response, i.e., loss in ductility as curing time increases. PP fiber samples cured for 2 days demonstrated ductile fracture behavior, controllable crack growth during tensile testing, post-cracking behavior, and a regain in strength owing to FRCC’s self-healing mechanism. Different mixes of FRCC suggest an economical mixing methodology, where the strong bond between the PP fibers and cementitious matrix plays a key role in improving the tensile strength of the mortar. Additionally, the micro PP fiber samples demonstrate resistance to micro-crack propagation, observed as an increase in peak load value and shape deformation during compression and tensile tests. Notably, low volume fraction of macro-scale PP fibers in FRCC revealed higher post-crack energy than the higher dosage of micro-scale PP fibers. Lastly, few samples with a crack of < 0.5 mm exhibited a self-healing mechanism, and upon testing, the healed specimens illustrated higher strain values. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue High Performance Fiber-Reinforced Cementitious Composites)
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16 pages, 7477 KiB  
Article
Development of Ultra-Lightweight and High Strength Engineered Cementitious Composites
by Zhitao Chen, Junxia Li and En-Hua Yang
J. Compos. Sci. 2021, 5(4), 113; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs5040113 - 18 Apr 2021
Cited by 16 | Viewed by 2229
Abstract
In this study, ultra-lightweight and high strength Engineered Cementitious Composites (ULHS-ECCs) are developed via lightweight filler incorporation and matrix composition tailoring. The mechanical, physical, and micromechanical properties of the resulting ULHS-ECCs are investigated and discussed. ULHS-ECCs with a density below 1300 kg/m3 [...] Read more.
In this study, ultra-lightweight and high strength Engineered Cementitious Composites (ULHS-ECCs) are developed via lightweight filler incorporation and matrix composition tailoring. The mechanical, physical, and micromechanical properties of the resulting ULHS-ECCs are investigated and discussed. ULHS-ECCs with a density below 1300 kg/m3, a compressive strength beyond 60 MPa, a tensile strain capacity above 1%, and a thermal conductivity below 0.5 w/mK are developed. The inclusion of lightweight fillers and the variation in proportioning of the ternary binder can lead to a change in micromechanical properties, including the matrix fracture toughness and the fiber/matrix interface properties. As a result, the tensile strain-hardening performance of the ULHS-ECCs can be altered. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue High Performance Fiber-Reinforced Cementitious Composites)
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12 pages, 2711 KiB  
Article
Flexural Characteristics of Functionally Graded Fiber-Reinforced Cementitious Composite with Polyvinyl Alcohol Fiber
by Toshiyuki Kanakubo, Takumi Koba and Kohei Yamada
J. Compos. Sci. 2021, 5(4), 94; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs5040094 - 01 Apr 2021
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1846
Abstract
The objective of this study is to investigate the flexural characteristics of functionally graded fiber-reinforced cementitious composite (FG-FRCC) concerning the fiber volume fraction (Vf) varying in layers and the layered effect in bending specimens. The FG-FRCC specimens, in which V [...] Read more.
The objective of this study is to investigate the flexural characteristics of functionally graded fiber-reinforced cementitious composite (FG-FRCC) concerning the fiber volume fraction (Vf) varying in layers and the layered effect in bending specimens. The FG-FRCC specimens, in which Vf increases from 0% in the compression zone to 2% in the tensile zone, are three-layered specimens using polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) FRCC that are fabricated and tested by a four-point bending test. The maximum load of the FG-FRCC specimens exhibits almost twice that of homogeneous specimens, even when the average of the fiber volume fraction in the whole specimen is 1%. The result of the section analysis, in which the stress–strain models based on the bridging law (tensile stress–crack width relationship owned by the fibers) consider the fiber orientation effect, shows a good adaptability with the experiment result. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue High Performance Fiber-Reinforced Cementitious Composites)
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Review

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15 pages, 5326 KiB  
Review
Recent Advances in Strain-Hardening UHPC with Synthetic Fibers
by Jian-Guo Dai, Bo-Tao Huang and Surendra P. Shah
J. Compos. Sci. 2021, 5(10), 283; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs5100283 - 18 Oct 2021
Cited by 22 | Viewed by 3521
Abstract
This paper summarizes recent advances in strain-hardening ultra-high-performance concretes (UHPC) with synthetic fibers, with emphasis on their tensile properties. The composites described here usually contain about 2.0% high-density polyethylene (PE) fibers. Compared to UHPC with steel fibers, strain-hardening UHPC with synthetic fibers generally [...] Read more.
This paper summarizes recent advances in strain-hardening ultra-high-performance concretes (UHPC) with synthetic fibers, with emphasis on their tensile properties. The composites described here usually contain about 2.0% high-density polyethylene (PE) fibers. Compared to UHPC with steel fibers, strain-hardening UHPC with synthetic fibers generally show a higher tensile ductility, lower modulus in the cracked state, and relatively lower compressive strength. The tensile strain capacity of strain-hardening UHPC with synthetic fibers increases with increasing tensile strength. The f’cftεt/w index (compressive strength × tensile strength × tensile strain capacity/tensile crack width) is used to compare the overall performance of strain-hardening UHPC. Moreover, a probabilistic approach is applied to model the crack width distributions of strain-hardening UHPC, and estimate the critical tensile strain in practical applications, given a specific crack width limit and cumulative probability. Recent development on strain-hardening UHPC with the use of seawater, sea-sand and PE fibers are also presented. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue High Performance Fiber-Reinforced Cementitious Composites)
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