Special Issue "Vision and Visual Health under the Influence of Tobacco, Alcohol and Other Substances"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Global Health".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 March 2022.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. José J. Castro-Torres
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Laboratory of Vision Sciences and Applications, Department of Optics, University of Granada, 18010 Granada, Spain
Interests: visual performance; binocular vision; night vision; retinal-image quality; alcohol consumption; substance use.
Dr. Miriam Casares-López
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Laboratory of Vision Sciences and Applications, Department of Optics, University of Granada, 18010 Granada, Spain
Interests: visual impairment; eye disease; alcohol consumption; driving under the Influence (DUI); aging eye; substance use; psychoactive substances

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

According to the World Health Organization, the harmful use of alcohol, tobacco and other psychoactive substances is one the main factors having an impact on population health. The use of alcohol and other psychoactive substances have an important impact on different body functions, including the nervous system; thus, it is clear that visual function will be affected under the influence of these substances. While depressant drugs, such as alcohol, are related with visual impairment, stimulating substances, such as caffeine, may lead to an improvement of certain visual aspects. However, the interactions between substance use and the mechanisms involved in visual performance are complex and, in some cases, not fully understood. On the other hand, many factors can also influence the way in which vision is affected by psychoactive substances (the amount consumed, age, gender, weight, food intake, substances co-use, or usage habits, among others) and therefore, they should be considered as well.

The aim of this Special Issue is to provide new information about the influence of alcohol, tobacco and other substances in vision and visual health. This information would provide a better understanding of the role of visual impairment in risky situations, especially involving DUI behaviors. Researchers are invited to submit original research and review articles regarding aspects of visual and ocular changes related to substance use and/or abuse. Contributions about the importance of such changes in visual-related activities are also expected.

Disclaimer: We will not accept research funded in part or full by any tobacco companies in this Special Issue. For more details, please check https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/15/12/2831/htm.

Dr. José J. Castro-Torres
Dr. Miriam Casares-López
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • visual performance
  • ocular changes
  • vision
  • visual health
  • eye disease
  • alcohol consumption
  • tobacco and other substances
  • substance use
  • psychoactive substances

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Article
Changes in Visual Performance under the Effects of Moderate–High Alcohol Consumption: The Influence of Biological Sex
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(13), 6790; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136790 - 24 Jun 2021
Viewed by 658
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to analyze the changes in visual functions under the effects of moderate–high breath alcohol concentrations (BrACs), and the influence of biological sex on visual deterioration, considering different factors. A total of 37 healthy habitual alcohol users were [...] Read more.
The purpose of this study was to analyze the changes in visual functions under the effects of moderate–high breath alcohol concentrations (BrACs), and the influence of biological sex on visual deterioration, considering different factors. A total of 37 healthy habitual alcohol users were enrolled in the experiment. The participants underwent a baseline session and a second session after an intake of 450 mL of red wine, so that all of them reached a BrAC above 0.25 mg/L. Visual performance was assessed by measuring the contrast sensitivity function, the halo perception, the stereopsis, and finally the retinal image quality. A Visual Deterioration Score (VDS) was calculated using the deterioration of these visual variables. All visual functions analyzed were significantly impaired following alcohol consumption (p < 0.05). The VDS was associated with the BrAC (ρ = −0.476). The VDS was also significantly higher in females, with the BrAC having a significant effect on the variability of the VDS in males and females (p < 0.05). However, the body mass index showed no significant effect (p > 0.05). Visual functions were significantly impaired under the influence of alcohol, and this deterioration was greater in females. The deterioration depends on the BrAC reached, being the primary thing responsible for the differences observed between males and females. Full article
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