Special Issue "Sustainable Tourism and Its Environmental and Human Ecological Effects"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Environmental Science and Engineering".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 December 2019.

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. Luc Hens Website E-Mail
Flemish Institute for Technological Research, Mol, Belgium
Interests: human ecology, environmental management, environmental health
Guest Editor
Dr. An Thinh Nguyen E-Mail
University of Economics and Business, Vietnam National University (VNU), Hanoi, Vietnam
Interests: human ecology; tourism geography; economic valuation; climate change

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue will address the increasing interest in sustainable and related forms of tourism. The focus will be on the environmental and human ecological impacts. The social and economic impacts of sustainable tourism will be addressed along with its effects on the physical environment. A series of worldwide case studies on the friction between tourism development and environmental quality will be presented. The SI will offer opportunities, including policy papers not only focusing on the instruments to alleviate the environmental impacts, but also on methods for the efficient involvement of stakeholders.

Dr. Luc Hens
Dr. An Thinh Nguyen
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • sustainable tourism
  • ecotourism
  • cultural tourism
  • island destination
  • cultural heritage
  • nature conservation
  • tourism landscape
  • environmental impact
  • economic benefits
  • attitudes
  • perceived value
  • community participation
  • tourist satisfaction
  • tourism indicator

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Nonlinear and Spatial Effects of Tourism on Carbon Emissions in China: A Spatial Econometric Approach
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(18), 3353; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183353 - 11 Sep 2019
Abstract
Reducing carbon emissions is crucial to the sustainable development of tourism. However, there are no consistent conclusions about the nexus between tourism and carbon emissions. Considering the possible nonlinear and spatial effects of tourism on carbon emissions, this paper employed spatial econometric models [...] Read more.
Reducing carbon emissions is crucial to the sustainable development of tourism. However, there are no consistent conclusions about the nexus between tourism and carbon emissions. Considering the possible nonlinear and spatial effects of tourism on carbon emissions, this paper employed spatial econometric models combined with quadratic terms of explanatory variables to explore the nexus between them using Chinese provincial panel data from 2003 to 2016. The main results are as follows: (1) There is a significant inverse U-shaped relationship between tourism development and carbon emissions. In the provinces whose tourism receipts are relatively low, the effects of tourism on carbon emissions are positive but decrease gradually as the tourism receipts increase and then shifts to negative and continues decreasing gradually when the tourism receipts beyond the critical value. (2) For the geographical proximity and industrial relevance, one province’s tourism development not only affects its carbon emissions but also affects its neighbors’ carbon emissions through spatial lag effect (indirect effect) which is also inverse U-shaped. (3) Carbon reduction policies, sustainable education, and transportation infrastructure all have significant moderating effects on the relationship between tourism and carbon emissions, but the moderating effect of the management efficiency of tourism is not statistically significant. Furthermore, improvements to the sustainable education and transportation infrastructure not only strengthen the direct negative effect of tourism on carbon emissions but also strengthen the indirect negative effect of tourism on carbon emissions. This study not only advances the existing literature but is also of considerable interest to policymakers. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Establishment and Application of an Evaluation Model for Orchid Island Sustainable Tourism Development
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(5), 755; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16050755 - 02 Mar 2019
Cited by 1
Abstract
Global warming and climate change increase the likelihood of weather-related natural disasters that threaten ecosystems and consequently affect the tourism industry which thrives on the natural attributes of island regions. Orchid Island, the study area, is home to the Yami (Tao) tribe—the only [...] Read more.
Global warming and climate change increase the likelihood of weather-related natural disasters that threaten ecosystems and consequently affect the tourism industry which thrives on the natural attributes of island regions. Orchid Island, the study area, is home to the Yami (Tao) tribe—the only indigenous people of Taiwan with a marine culture. The island possesses rich geological and topographical features (such as coral reefs) and distinctive biological and ecological resources (such as the green sea turtle, flying fish, and Orchid Island scops owl), and organizes traditional festivals and activities (such as the flying fish festival) as well as tribal tourism activities. These factors contribute to its immense potential to become the new tourism hotspot. To study the factors enhancing tourist experiences, a random utility model was constructed using a choice experiment method (CEM) for the tourist resort on Orchid Island. The study results demonstrated that: (1) Limiting tourists to 600/day; employing professional tour guides; providing better recreational facilities; introducing additional experience-enhancing activities; and lowering contributions towards the professional ecosystem conservation trust fund will improve the overall effectiveness of attracting tourists to Orchid Island. The evaluation results from both conditional logit and random parameter logit models were similar; (2) the analysis results from the latent class model demonstrated that island tourism has significant market segmentation. The socioeconomic backgrounds of tourists, their experiences, and their preferences exhibit heterogeneity, with significant differences in willingness to pay for island tourism. Full article
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