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Passive Exposure to Conventional, Heat-Not-Burn and Electronic Smoking Products and Related Health Effects: Second Edition

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 September 2022) | Viewed by 2798

Special Issue Editors

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Department of Medico-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, Sapienza University of Rome, Corso della Repubblica 74, 04100 Latina, Italy
Interests: cardiovascular disease; climate; COVID-19; pollution; smoking
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Unit of Plastic Surgery, P. Valdoni Department of Surgery, Umberto I Polyclinic Hospital, Sapienza University, 00161 Rome, Italy
Interests: dermatological diseases; cardiovascular disease; oxidative stress
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Several intervention strategies have been targeted at tobacco control and reduction in smoking rates, but non-smokers remain at risk of secondhand smoke exposure.

Secondhand smoke exposure represents inhalation of smoke from the burning of any form of tobacco product  and/or smoke exhaled by smokers. Secondhand smoke exposure has been suggested to be associated with odds of some cancers, hypertension, vascular diseases, and poor mental health. Moreover, children exposed to passive smoking have a higher risk of developing cardiovascular events in adulthood. Recent studies demonstrated that oxidative stress generated by cigarette smoke increases cardiovascular events through endothelial dysfunction, increased intimal-medial thickening (IMT), and platelet activation. However, additional investigation is needed to better characterize these new exposure scenarios.

As the first edition of this Special Issue was a great success and considering the importance of this topic, the focus of this Special Issue is aimed at filling the gap currently existing in “hot and cold” smoke chemistry, exposure, and effects, both for conventional combustion smoking products and for electronic and heat-not-burn tobacco products. Authors are invited to submit original articles, systematic reviews and meta-analyses, critical reviews, and short communications addressing all the issues relevant to report any recent advances in hot and cold smoke exposure and their impacts on individual and public health.

Prof. Dr. Roberto Carnevale
Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Zoccai
Dr. Pasquale Fino
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • cardiovascular disease
  • secondhand smoke (SHS) and thirdhand smoke (THS)
  • environmental electronic vape exposure
  • adult and child exposure
  • adverse health effects
  • aerosol characterization
  • oxidative stress and smoke
  • environmental monitoring
  • traditional smoking devices
  • electronic cigarette (e-cig)
  • heat-not-burn products
  • risk assessment

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Published Papers (1 paper)

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8 pages, 886 KiB  
Passive Smoking and Risk of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus among Nonsmoking Women: A Prospective Cohort Study in China
by Jigen Na, Huiting Chen, Hang An, Mengyuan Ren, Xiaoqian Jia, Bin Wang, Zhiwen Li, Xiaohong Liu, Rongwei Ye and Nan Li
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(8), 4712; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19084712 - 13 Apr 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 2343
Background: Increasing evidence has shown that active smoking can increase the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), but the effect of passive smoking is still unknown. Women in pregnancy are vulnerable to secondhand smoke. This study explored the association of passive smoking with [...] Read more.
Background: Increasing evidence has shown that active smoking can increase the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), but the effect of passive smoking is still unknown. Women in pregnancy are vulnerable to secondhand smoke. This study explored the association of passive smoking with GDM in China. Method: A total of 3083 nonsmoking pregnant women living in Beijing were recruited into a prospective cohort study. Sociodemographic and passive smoking data were collected with structured questionnaires during face-to-face interviews. Glucose levels were measured by physicians according to standard protocols. Multivariate logistic regression was performed for the association estimation after accounting for potential confounders. Result: In total, 562 of the 3083 participants developed GDM (18.23%); 779 participants (25.27%) reported exposure to passive smoking. After adjusting for age, BMI, ethnicity, education, occupation, and parity, passive smoking conferred an approximately 1.4-fold risk increase in GDM (adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 1.37, 95% confidence interval (CI): (1.11, 1.70)). The adjusted ORs with 95% CIs for passive smoking levels of <1, 1–6, and ≥7 times per week were 1.21 (0.94, 1.55), 1.81 (1.22, 2.69), and 1.70 (1.02, 2.84), respectively. An obvious passive-smoking–GDM association was observed among only nulliparous women (adjusted OR = 1.45, 95% CI: (1.14, 1.85)). Conclusion: Frequent exposure to secondhand smoke could increase the risk of GDM among nonsmoking pregnant women. Parity status might modify their association. Public policies should be advocated to prevent passive smoking among this population. Full article
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