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Special Issue "Advancing Spatial Planning for Sustainable Environment: Application of Spatial Technique and Operations Research Method"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Environmental Science and Engineering".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (13 April 2023) | Viewed by 7272

Special Issue Editors

Department of Land Resource Management, School of Public Administration, Hohai University, 8 W Focheng Road, Nanjing 211000, China
Interests: industrial land use; spatial planning; urban and regional development; environmental effects of land use
Department of Public Administration, Law School, Ningbo University, 818 Fenghua Road, Ningbo 315211, China
Interests: sustainable development; multi-attribute decision analysis (MADM); industrial land-use planning and management; housing market
School of Public Administration, Nanjing University of Finance and Economics, 3 Wenyuan Road, Nanjing 210023, China
Interests: environmental management; resource utilization; sustainable development; urban and regional development

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues, 

Resources and environment are the basis for human development. However, population growth, economic development and expanded industrial activities have resulted in the increased exploitation of natural resources and dramatic environmental changes, which hinder urban–rural sustainable development. Understanding the coordination between resource exploitation and environmental protection is an important issue for human sustainable development and involves a series of issues related to spatial planning including environmental management, industrial spatial pattern, and housing development. Many spatial planning problems are region- and space-dependent issues, while solving these problems relies on multiple analytical techniques particularly associated with spatial analysis and research. Various operation research methods are also attracting more attention to this issue. Utilizing diverse spatial techniques, operation research and their variants to explore spatial planning issues is attractive for achieving sustainable development.

This Special Issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH) focuses on how spatial analysis techniques and operations research methods can promote spatial planning toward sustainability. This issue aims to attract various studies focusing on spatial planning issues related to regional resource, environment, population, industry, housing, and public facilities through diverse spatial analysis techniques and operation research methods in order to optimize exploitation, industrial development, environmental protection and social inclusion in the context of sustainable development.

Research papers, communications, and review articles are welcome in this issue. We will accept manuscripts from different disciplines including spatial planning, resource utilization, land use, environmental management, sustainable development, climate change, and other resource- and environment-related topics.

Prof. Dr. Xiaofeng Zhao
Dr. Sheng-Hau Lin
Dr. Ying Li
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • spatial planning
  • spatial analysis
  • resource utilization
  • land use
  • industrial development
  • environmental change
  • sustainable development

Published Papers (6 papers)

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Research

Article
Optimization of the Territorial Spatial Patterns Based on MOP and PLUS Models: A Case Study from Hefei City, China
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20(3), 1804; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20031804 - 18 Jan 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 809
Abstract
Optimization of the territorial spatial patterns can promote the functional balance and utilization efficiency of space, which is influenced by economic, social, ecological, and environmental factors. Consequently, the final implementation of spatial planning should address the issue of sustainable optimization of territorial spatial [...] Read more.
Optimization of the territorial spatial patterns can promote the functional balance and utilization efficiency of space, which is influenced by economic, social, ecological, and environmental factors. Consequently, the final implementation of spatial planning should address the issue of sustainable optimization of territorial spatial patterns, driven by multiple objectives. It has two components—the territorial spatial scale prediction and its layout simulation. Because a one-sided study of scale or layout is divisive, it is necessary to combine the two to form complete territorial spatial patterns. This paper took Hefei city as an example and optimized its territorial spatial scale using the multiple objective programming (MOP) model, with four objective functions. A computer simulation of the territorial spatial layout was created, using the patch-generating land use simulation (PLUS) model, with spatial driving factors, conversion rules, and the scale optimization result. To do this, statistical, empirical, land utilization, and spatially driven data were used. The function results showed that carbon accumulation and economic and ecological benefits would be ever-increasing, and carbon emissions would reach their peak in 2030. The year 2030 was a vital node for the two most important land use types in the spatial scale—construction land and farmland. It was projected that construction land would commence its transition from reduced to negative growth after that time, and farmland would start to rebound. The simulation results indicated that construction land in the main urban area would expand primarily to the west, with supplemental expansion to the east and north. In contrast, construction land in the counties would experience a nominal increase, and a future ecological corridor would develop along the route south of Chaohu County–Chaohu Waters–Lujiang County–south of Feixi County. Full article
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Article
Evaluation of Human Settlement Environment and Identification of Development Barriers Based on the Ecological Niche Theory: A Case Study of Northern Shaanxi, China
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20(3), 1772; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20031772 - 18 Jan 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 892
Abstract
The quality of human settlement environment (HSE) is related to people’s well-being. Since the implementation of the Western Development Strategy and the Grain to Green Program, the HSE in northern Shaanxi has undergone a major transformation. In order to explore the evolution pattern [...] Read more.
The quality of human settlement environment (HSE) is related to people’s well-being. Since the implementation of the Western Development Strategy and the Grain to Green Program, the HSE in northern Shaanxi has undergone a major transformation. In order to explore the evolution pattern and seek a coordinated development strategy for all systems in the whole region, this paper, from the perspective of “production–living–ecological”, evaluates the HSE niche breadth of northern Shaanxi based on the ecological niche theory, analyzes its spatial differentiation characteristics, and identifies the development barrier factors, with the help of ArcGIS spatial analysis tools and the barrier degree model. It is found that: from 2000 to 2020, (1) the niche breadth of HSE in northern Shaanxi is high in the north and low in the south, showing obvious spatial unevenness; (2) the development of transportation promotes the improvement of HSE, but also intensifies the spatial unevenness, and the uncoordinated development rate of transportation and production and living systems has seriously restricted the further development of HSE; (3) the niche breadth of the ecosystem for each county is much lower than that of the production and living systems, and the ecological environment becomes the short board of the improvement of HSE in northern Shaanxi. Based on the patterns and problems found in the study, this paper proposes a strategy to improve the HSE of northern Shaanxi by prioritizing the balanced development of production, living systems, and transportation, strictly implementing the concept of ecological priority, dynamically adjusting the hierarchy of policies, vigorously optimizing the industrial layout, and focusing on the joint improvement of the human settlement environment in the whole region. This study expands the theories and evaluation methods of HSE to a certain extent, and the results have guiding values for promoting the sustainable development of HSE in northern Shaanxi and even the whole Loess Plateau region. Full article
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Article
A Soil Moisture Prediction Model, Based on Depth and Water Balance Equation: A Case Study of the Xilingol League Grassland
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20(2), 1374; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20021374 - 12 Jan 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1062
Abstract
Soil moisture plays an important role in ecology, hydrology, agriculture and climate change. This study proposes a soil moisture prediction model, based on the depth and water balance equation, which integrates the water balance equation with the seasonal ARIMA model, and introduces the [...] Read more.
Soil moisture plays an important role in ecology, hydrology, agriculture and climate change. This study proposes a soil moisture prediction model, based on the depth and water balance equation, which integrates the water balance equation with the seasonal ARIMA model, and introduces the depth parameter to consider the soil moisture at different depths. The experimental results showed that the model proposed in this study was able to provide a higher prediction accuracy for the soil moisture at 40 cm, 100 cm and 200 cm depths, compared to the seasonal ARIMA model. Different models were used for different depths. In this study, the seasonal ARIMA model was used at 10 cm, and the proposed model was used at 40 cm, 100 cm and 200 cm, from which more accurate prediction values could be obtained. The fluctuation of the predicted data has a certain seasonal trend, but the regularity decreases with the increasing depth until the soil moisture is almost independent of the external influence at a 200 cm depth. The accurate prediction of the soil moisture can contribute to the scientific management of the grasslands, thus promoting ecological stability and the sustainable development of the grasslands while rationalizing land use. Full article
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Article
Spatial Variation and Its Local Influencing Factors of Intangible Cultural Heritage Development along the Grand Canal in China
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20(1), 662; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20010662 - 30 Dec 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1174
Abstract
Understanding the spatial variation of intangible cultural heritage (ICH) is essential for protecting and utilizing heritage resources but has rarely been investigated along the Grand Canal in China. Initially, we analyzed the spatial variation of ICH with different categories using GIS spatial analysis [...] Read more.
Understanding the spatial variation of intangible cultural heritage (ICH) is essential for protecting and utilizing heritage resources but has rarely been investigated along the Grand Canal in China. Initially, we analyzed the spatial variation of ICH with different categories using GIS spatial analysis and other technologies. Subsequently, we used the geodetector statistical method to explore local factors influencing ICH concentrations in various cities along the Grand Canal. The results show that the distribution of ICH resources in different categories was unbalanced among focal cities, mainly concentrated in the northern and southern ends of the Grand Canal. Although socioeconomic factors have important impacts on the spatial distribution of ICH, the local geographic environments remain important in forming and developing ICH resources. This study provides an important reference for ICH resource systematic regeneration and utilization plans along the Grand Canal. Full article
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Article
Exploring the Effects of Industrial Land Transfer on Urban Air Quality Using a Geographically and Temporally Weighted Regression Model
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20(1), 384; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20010384 - 26 Dec 2022
Viewed by 767
Abstract
This paper explores the spatial-temporal heterogeneity of the impact of industrial land transfer on urban air quality using the air quality index (AQI) and primary land market transaction data of 284 cities from 2015 to 2019 in China. Based on a three-dimensional conceptual [...] Read more.
This paper explores the spatial-temporal heterogeneity of the impact of industrial land transfer on urban air quality using the air quality index (AQI) and primary land market transaction data of 284 cities from 2015 to 2019 in China. Based on a three-dimensional conceptual framework including scale, price and style effect of industrial land transfer, we find that: (1) The scale effect shows an obvious characteristic of spatial agglomeration, and the agglomerations transfer from central and northern China to the western and southeast coastal regions. (2) Industrial land transfer price has a greater impact on air quality than transfer scale no matter whether the effect is positive or negative, which may be because the expansion scale of construction land is restricted strictly by indicators. (3) The scale of industrial land transferred by agreement in the west and northeast will reduce the air quality. (4) The impact of industrial land price transferred by bidding, auction and listing on AQI is gradually decreasing, but that of land transferred by agreement is still high in the northwest and northeast regions. Finally, we put forward policy recommendations based on the spatial and temporal heterogeneity of these effects, which will help alleviate or avoid environmental problems caused by land resources mismatch and industrial development. Full article
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Article
Process and Eco-Environment Impact of Land Use Function Transition under the Perspective of “Production-Living-Ecological” Spaces—Case of Haikou City, China
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(24), 16902; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192416902 - 16 Dec 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1184
Abstract
Land use function transition can change the eco-environment. To achieve an “Intensive and efficient production space, moderately livable living space, and beautiful ecological space”, the ecological effects of land use function transition in the context of ecologically fragile areas and rapidly developing areas [...] Read more.
Land use function transition can change the eco-environment. To achieve an “Intensive and efficient production space, moderately livable living space, and beautiful ecological space”, the ecological effects of land use function transition in the context of ecologically fragile areas and rapidly developing areas of socio-economic importance need to be studied. In this study, from the perspective of “production-living-ecological” spaces, we calculated the index of regional eco-environment quality, positive and negative effects of eco-environment impact, and the ecological contribution rate and analyzed the driving factors. We found the following: (1) The production space was greatly compressed, living space was expanded, and ecological space was significantly squeezed. Haikou underwent a rapid transformation from an agriculture-dependent city to an industrial city. Land supply for urban and rural living was guaranteed by the Chinese land management department. However, Haikou prioritized economic development over environmental protection. (2) The regional eco-environment quality index decreased from 2009 to 2018. The expansion of pasture-based ecological spaces is important for improving the quality of the eco-environment, and the reduction of forest ecological space strongly influences the deterioration of the eco-environment. (3) Resource base, historical level of utilization, suitability of land, the ecological value potentiality, and regional policies greatly affected land use function transition and its eco-environment. (4) Refining the planning of territorial space, comprehensively improving land and resources, and reforming the rural land system greatly influenced policy guidance and technical regulation for coordinating “production-living-ecological” spaces and improving the regional eco-environment. In this study, we tested the effect of regional policy regulation on land use function transition and provided a reference for coordinating “production-living-ecological” spaces. Full article
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