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Special Issue "Developments in Theory and Practice in Nursing Sciences"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Nursing".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 June 2023 | Viewed by 4378

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Carlos Sequeira
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Nursing School of Porto (ESEP), CINTESIS of University of Porto, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal
Interests: literacy; positive mental health; psychotherapy; anxiety; psychometrics; taxonomies
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Olga Ribeiro
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
1. [email protected], 4200-450 Porto, Portugal
2. Nursing Department, Nursing School of Porto, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal
Interests: research in nursing; human development; self-care; management of signs and symptoms; nursing discipline and profession; training and management in nursing
Prof. Dr. Wilson Abreu
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Nursing Department, Nursing School of Porto, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal
Interests: research in nursing; human development; self-care; management of signs and symptoms; nursing discipline and profession; training and management in nursing
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Francisco Sampaio
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Following the increase in average life expectancy and the greater number of chronic diseases, in addition to the challenges imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic, climate change, and globalisation, it is urgent to (re)think what is being investigated and why it is being investigated. In this sense, with a focus on nursing research, this Special Issue aims to provide a space for sharing knowledge, experiences, and evidence resulting from research, as well as promoting reflection on challenges and new opportunities in the way research is conceived, planned, and developed.

Investing in nursing research can help achieve sustainable development, and it is hoped that this Special Issue will provide an excellent platform to reflect on how to accelerate production and, essentially, translate knowledge that adds value to people's health and lives.

Prof. Dr. Carlos Sequeira
Prof. Dr. Olga Ribeiro
Prof. Dr. Wilson Abreu
Prof. Dr. Francisco Sampaio
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • research in nursing
  • human development
  • self-care
  • management of signs and symptoms
  • nursing discipline and profession
  • training and management in nursing

Published Papers (8 papers)

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Research

Article
Leaders’ Role in Shaping Followers’ Well-Being: Crossover in a Sample of Nurses
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20(3), 2386; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20032386 (registering DOI) - 29 Jan 2023
Viewed by 105
Abstract
The link between well-being at work and leadership has received considerable attention. Leaders have the power to influence followers not only due to formal position, but also their positive behaviors could reinforce the followers’ positive working experience. Following the crossover model (Westman, 2001), [...] Read more.
The link between well-being at work and leadership has received considerable attention. Leaders have the power to influence followers not only due to formal position, but also their positive behaviors could reinforce the followers’ positive working experience. Following the crossover model (Westman, 2001), this study investigates whether leaders’ work-related positive psychological states (i.e., work engagement) cross over to those of the followers (i.e., work engagement and job satisfaction) through the mediation of the latter’s perception of transformational leadership. We used MPlus 8 to test two multilevel mediations in a sample of 1505 nurses nested in 143 groups led by as many leaders (87.19% of nurses and 56.50% of head nurses of the entire population). Results show that while there is not a crossover of leader work engagement to nurse work engagement, manager work engagement can cross over to nurse job satisfaction, enhancing their well-being through transformational leadership behaviors. This study adds further insights both on crossover theory and on the importance of leaders in expanding and transferring resources to followers at work. Fostering work engagement at a managerial level in the healthcare sector could be the driver to facilitate the well-being of nurses at work, address negative outcomes, and promote positive ones. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Developments in Theory and Practice in Nursing Sciences)
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Article
Designing a Nurse-Led Program for Self-Management of Substance Addiction Consequences: A Modified e-Delphi Study
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20(3), 2137; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20032137 - 24 Jan 2023
Viewed by 316
Abstract
Therapeutic interventions for people with problematic use of psychoactive substances can help tackle specific needs related to substance addiction consequences. This modified e-Delphi study aimed to establish consensus on a training program for self-management of substance addiction consequences. The study was conducted between [...] Read more.
Therapeutic interventions for people with problematic use of psychoactive substances can help tackle specific needs related to substance addiction consequences. This modified e-Delphi study aimed to establish consensus on a training program for self-management of substance addiction consequences. The study was conducted between February and April 2022, with an experts’ sample of 28 participants in the first round and 24 in the second. A priori consensus criteria were defined for each round. The results revealed a very strong consensus was achieved on the structure of the program and on clinical areas, such as the problematic use of substances, general health knowledge, health-seeking behavior and adherence, self-knowledge and well-being, social role and personal dignity, and family process. Additionally, over 80% participant consensus was achieved on an extensive number of interventions categorized as psychoeducational, psychotherapeutic, socio therapeutic, brief interventions, social skills training, problem solving techniques, relaxation techniques, and counseling. These findings may be able to fulfill a gap concerning structured treatment approaches for people with problematic use of psychoactive substances. Supporting self-management of the consequences of substance addiction and its application can change nurses’ interventions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Developments in Theory and Practice in Nursing Sciences)
Article
Developing a Card Game for Assessment and Intervention in the Person and the Family in Palliative Care: “Pallium Game
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20(2), 1449; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20021449 - 13 Jan 2023
Viewed by 515
Abstract
Communication between the multidisciplinary team, the person, and the family in palliative and end-of-life situations implies, in most situations, a high negative emotional burden. Therefore, innovative strategies are needed to reduce it. The goal of this study is to describe the various stages [...] Read more.
Communication between the multidisciplinary team, the person, and the family in palliative and end-of-life situations implies, in most situations, a high negative emotional burden. Therefore, innovative strategies are needed to reduce it. The goal of this study is to describe the various stages of development and validation of a collaborative card game for people in palliative care and their families. Phase one is an exploratory study, Phase two is a Delphi study, and Phase three is a multiple case study. Participants for phases 2 and 3 were recruited using a convenience sampling method. The results demonstrate in an organized and structured way the different phases required to build a collaborative card game. The use of the game was found to be useful and effective. Four categories emerged from the content analysis of the open-ended responses: usability, evaluation tool, communication and therapeutic relationship, and meaning when using the game. A collaborative game in palliative care helps to create a space for individuals and families to express feelings and experiences, meeting the myriad of physical, psychosocial, and spiritual needs. The “Pallium game” is a useful and impactful approach to discussing sensitive topics in palliative care. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Developments in Theory and Practice in Nursing Sciences)
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Article
Construction of an Ophthalmological Calendar for the Therapeutic Follow-Up of Glaucoma in the Elderly
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20(2), 1237; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20021237 - 10 Jan 2023
Viewed by 382
Abstract
Health teams in primary care play a key role in the eye health of users as they understand that early identification of any visual change can result in satisfactory outcomes and better prognoses, preventing damage that is often irreversible to health. Building [...] Read more.
Health teams in primary care play a key role in the eye health of users as they understand that early identification of any visual change can result in satisfactory outcomes and better prognoses, preventing damage that is often irreversible to health. Building an ophthalmological calendar for the therapeutic follow-up of glaucoma in the elderly, this is a methodological study, as the process of constructing the calendar’s content followed the Raymundo theoretical framework. The calendar was built in the following steps: bibliographic survey, content development, transformation of the language of scientific information into easy-to-understand expressions, creation and production of illustrations of the first draft, evaluation of the first draft made by the examining board, diagramming and presentation of the product. The construction of the calendar covers a specific theme for the elderly with glaucoma, which emphasizes the need to invest more in the inclusion of new technologies that will provide greater effectiveness and adherence of the user and the health team for the management of comprehensive care. The implementation of the produced calendar will allow for a better understanding and bond between the team professionals and the user and, consequently, a better monitoring of the therapeutic process of the patient involved. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Developments in Theory and Practice in Nursing Sciences)
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Article
Shorted Happiness at Work Scale: Psychometric Proprieties of the Portuguese Version in a Sample of Nurses
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20(1), 658; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20010658 - 30 Dec 2022
Viewed by 671
Abstract
In the last decades, happiness at work has been studied due to social changes; increased workload; stress; and, more recently, the COVID-19 pandemic. Happiness at work is considered an umbrella concept as it covers individual and organizational aspects of working life. The aim [...] Read more.
In the last decades, happiness at work has been studied due to social changes; increased workload; stress; and, more recently, the COVID-19 pandemic. Happiness at work is considered an umbrella concept as it covers individual and organizational aspects of working life. The aim of this study is to analyze the psychometric properties of the Shorted Happiness at Work Scale (SHAW) in a sample of Portuguese nurses. A cross-sectional study with 113 Portuguese nurses, from one of the islands of the Azores, was selected through a convenience sample. A sociodemographic/professional questionnaire and the SHAW scale were applied. Through the CFA, the SHAW trifactorial model was tested according to its theoretical reference, having obtained a general tolerable adjustment index. After respecification of the model through the correlation of the errors of two items, a better adjustment was obtained, but the RMSEA value remains problematic. Additionally, the values of the coefficient of internal consistency were indicative of good fidelity. The analysis of the psychometric characteristics of the SHAW scale, in the sample of Portuguese nurses, suggests a theoretical adaptation to the model of happiness at work. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Developments in Theory and Practice in Nursing Sciences)
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Article
Psychoeducation Programs to Reduce Preoperative Anxiety in Adults: A Scoping Review
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20(1), 327; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20010327 - 25 Dec 2022
Viewed by 818
Abstract
Background: Surgical procedure is a critical event that causes anxiety for patients. One of the possible intervention strategies to reduce anxiety in the preoperative period is psychoeducation. Methods: A scoping review was conducted according to the JBI methodology and PRISMA-ScR to map knowledge [...] Read more.
Background: Surgical procedure is a critical event that causes anxiety for patients. One of the possible intervention strategies to reduce anxiety in the preoperative period is psychoeducation. Methods: A scoping review was conducted according to the JBI methodology and PRISMA-ScR to map knowledge about psychoeducation programs to reduce preoperative anxiety in adults. The data were extracted by the researchers, according to the objective of the study. Finally, the data synthesis was presented in narrative format and tables. Results: four studies were included in the review with different characteristics of psychoeducation programs. The approach of these programs consisted of teaching about anxiety, instruction and training in anxiety control techniques. The contents referred to included the surgical process and intervention techniques to reduce anxiety. Program sessions lasted from 45 to 150 min, with a frequency of 1 to 6. The assessment instrument used was the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. The dynamisers were nurses, psychotherapists and clinical psychologists. Conclusions: Psychoeducation programs can be useful and effective in reducing anxiety. More studies are needed to confirm these results. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Developments in Theory and Practice in Nursing Sciences)
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Article
Psychometric Properties of the Portuguese Version of the Iceland-Family Perceived Support Questionnaire in Parents of Children and Adolescents with Chronic Condition
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20(1), 247; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20010247 - 23 Dec 2022
Viewed by 484
Abstract
The support from nurses perceived by family members of children with chronic conditions has been shown to be a protective factor at different levels in a family’s health. As such, nurses need to have instruments that assess this perception to increase the quality [...] Read more.
The support from nurses perceived by family members of children with chronic conditions has been shown to be a protective factor at different levels in a family’s health. As such, nurses need to have instruments that assess this perception to increase the quality of the care provided to those families. This methodological study aimed to analyze the psychometric properties of the Portuguese translation of the Iceland-Family Perceived Support Questionnaire (ICE-FPSQ) in parents of children/adolescents with chronic conditions. The ICE-FPSQ was administered to 237 parents recruited from the day hospital and outpatient services of four hospitals in Northern Portugal. Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficients for the Total Scale, Cognitive Support, and Emotional Support subscales were excellent (α = 0.96, α = 0.93, α = 0.96, respectively). Reasonable fit indexes were found by confirmatory factor analysis (χ2/df = 2.799; CFI = 0.960; PCFI = 0.791, and RMSEA = 0.087), indicating a good model fit to the original structure. The ICE-FPSQ is a valid and reliable instrument to measure perceived support. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Developments in Theory and Practice in Nursing Sciences)
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Article
Impact of COVID-19 on the Environments of Professional Nursing Practice and Nurses’ Job Satisfaction
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(24), 16908; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192416908 - 16 Dec 2022
Viewed by 637
Abstract
(1) Background: The repercussions of work environments were widely studied before the pandemic. However, there are still many difficulties to be discovered considering the impact generated by it. Thus, this study aimed to analyse the impact of COVID-19 on nursing practice environments and [...] Read more.
(1) Background: The repercussions of work environments were widely studied before the pandemic. However, there are still many difficulties to be discovered considering the impact generated by it. Thus, this study aimed to analyse the impact of COVID-19 on nursing practice environments and nurses’ job satisfaction. (2) Methods: A correlational study was conducted in a hospital in northern Portugal, with the participation of 416 registered nurses. Data were collected in June 2021 through questionnaires. The study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee. (3) Results: COVID-19 had a favourable impact on the structure component of the practice environments; the process component decreased compared to the pre-pandemic period; the outcome component remained moderately favourable to the quality of care. Nurses were not very satisfied or not at all satisfied with their valuation and remuneration; moderately satisfied with the leadership and staffing; and satisfied with the organisation and resources, co-workers and valuation by patients and families. In more favourable environments, nurses’ job satisfactions were higher. (4) Conclusions: Identifying the dimensions with the best and worst scores allowed the institution’s managers to concentrate efforts on where improvements were needed, thus preparing professional contexts for the recovery of care activities. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Developments in Theory and Practice in Nursing Sciences)
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