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Article

Designing a Nurse-Led Program for Self-Management of Substance Addiction Consequences: A Modified e-Delphi Study

1
Nursing School of Lisbon, Av. Prof. Egaz Moniz, 1600-190 Lisbon, Portugal
2
Nursing Research, Innovation and Development Centre of Lisbon (CIDNUR), Av. Prof. Egaz Moniz, 1600-190 Lisbon, Portugal
3
Center for Health Technology and Services Research (CINTESIS), Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, R. Dr. Plácido da Costa, 4200-450 Porto, Portugal
4
Specialized Technical Treatment Unit of Barreiro—Integrated Responses Center, Avenida do Bocage n°34, 2830-002 Barreiro, Portugal
5
College of Nursing and Public Health, Adelphi University, One South Avenue, P.O. Box 701, Garden City, NY 11530-0701, USA
6
Nursing School of Oporto, Rua Dr. António Bernardino de Almeida, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20(3), 2137; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20032137
Received: 30 November 2022 / Revised: 17 January 2023 / Accepted: 21 January 2023 / Published: 24 January 2023
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Developments in Theory and Practice in Nursing Sciences)

Abstract

Therapeutic interventions for people with problematic use of psychoactive substances can help tackle specific needs related to substance addiction consequences. This modified e-Delphi study aimed to establish consensus on a training program for self-management of substance addiction consequences. The study was conducted between February and April 2022, with an experts’ sample of 28 participants in the first round and 24 in the second. A priori consensus criteria were defined for each round. The results revealed a very strong consensus was achieved on the structure of the program and on clinical areas, such as the problematic use of substances, general health knowledge, health-seeking behavior and adherence, self-knowledge and well-being, social role and personal dignity, and family process. Additionally, over 80% participant consensus was achieved on an extensive number of interventions categorized as psychoeducational, psychotherapeutic, socio therapeutic, brief interventions, social skills training, problem solving techniques, relaxation techniques, and counseling. These findings may be able to fulfill a gap concerning structured treatment approaches for people with problematic use of psychoactive substances. Supporting self-management of the consequences of substance addiction and its application can change nurses’ interventions.
Keywords: substance-related disorders; self-management; nursing; program evaluation; Delphi study substance-related disorders; self-management; nursing; program evaluation; Delphi study

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MDPI and ACS Style

Seabra, P.; Nunes, I.; Sequeira, R.; Sequeira, A.; Simões, A.; Filipe, F.; Amaral, P.; Abram, M.; Sequeira, C. Designing a Nurse-Led Program for Self-Management of Substance Addiction Consequences: A Modified e-Delphi Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20, 2137. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20032137

AMA Style

Seabra P, Nunes I, Sequeira R, Sequeira A, Simões A, Filipe F, Amaral P, Abram M, Sequeira C. Designing a Nurse-Led Program for Self-Management of Substance Addiction Consequences: A Modified e-Delphi Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2023; 20(3):2137. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20032137

Chicago/Turabian Style

Seabra, Paulo, Inês Nunes, Rui Sequeira, Ana Sequeira, Ana Simões, Fernando Filipe, Paula Amaral, Marissa Abram, and Carlos Sequeira. 2023. "Designing a Nurse-Led Program for Self-Management of Substance Addiction Consequences: A Modified e-Delphi Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 20, no. 3: 2137. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20032137

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