Structural Health Monitoring of Historical Buildings

A special issue of Heritage (ISSN 2571-9408). This special issue belongs to the section "Architectural Heritage".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2023) | Viewed by 3416

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy
Interests: structural health monitoring; operational modal analysis; strain measurement; smart materials; masonry constructions; concrete constructions; structural engineering; earthquake engineering; finite element analysis

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Guest Editor
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
Interests: operational modal analysis; masonry structures; earthquake engineering; structural health monitoring; finite element analysis

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Guest Editor
Department of Structural Mechanics and Hydraulic Engineering, University of Granada, 18001 Granada, Spain
Interests: multifunctional composite materials; multi-physics modeling; structural health monitoring; vibration-based testing; structural dynamics; structural damage identification
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Historical buildings such as churches, towers, and palaces represent a large component of European cultural and monumental heritage. As it is well known, most of these constructions are characterized by masonry load-bearing structures designed to withstand only gravity loads, with very limited—if any—earthquake resistance capacity. As a result, historical buildings are particularly prone to structural pathologies typically caused by differential foundation settlements, excessive live loads, and natural hazards such as seismic events. Inadequate maintenance policies over the years and the normal aging of building materials represent common aspects of the causes of the premature collapse of historic buildings.

The growing awareness among citizens and administrations on the critical role of cultural heritage constructions within the tourism industry and related sectors, as well as their historical and artistic values, has motivated the more frequent implementation of structural health monitoring (SHM) approaches. Such systems involve a large variety of sensing solutions that monitor structural performance during operational conditions, in a real-time fashion or rapidly after natural disasters such as earthquakes, with obvious benefits to the preservation of cultural heritage and human lives.

This Special Issue aims to collect original full papers, review articles, and short communications highlighting the latest advances in research on SHM applications to historical buildings. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to:

  • Artificial intelligence;
  • Structural performance evaluation;
  • Damage identification;
  • Condition-based maintenance;
  • Early warning;
  • Data-driven approaches;
  • Data-fusion
  • Model-based methodologies;
  • Static and dynamic response parameter evaluation;
  • Modal analysis;
  • Novel sensing technologies;
  • Optimal sensor placement;
  • Field applications.

Dr. Andrea Meoni
Dr. Giacomo Zini
Dr. Enrique García Macías
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Heritage is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

21 pages, 6496 KiB  
Article
Load Testing of Cultural Heritage Structures and Sculptures: Unconventional Methods for Assessing Safety
by Miloš Drdácký and Shota Urushadze
Heritage 2023, 6(7), 5538-5558; https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage6070292 - 23 Jul 2023
Viewed by 946
Abstract
The paper presents the results of static and dynamic experimental tests conducted on historical heritage structures and sculptures. In recent years, there was an increasing need to address the behaviour of these types of structures due to several reasons. Diagnosing the actual condition [...] Read more.
The paper presents the results of static and dynamic experimental tests conducted on historical heritage structures and sculptures. In recent years, there was an increasing need to address the behaviour of these types of structures due to several reasons. Diagnosing the actual condition of a historical structure involves not only identifying the cause of a detected defect, but also determining its impact and assessing whether the structure can continue to perform safely. This article utilises unconventional loading methods to generate measurable mechanical responses. In one case, a lifting procedure is employed to study strains in a composite structure, while in another example, the mass and movement of people are used as a form of loading. Proof load tests conducted on a monumental sculpture allowed for the determination of load distribution among its heterogeneous structural components, namely a bronze shell and an iron reinforcing frame. Furthermore, the static and dynamic loading of a ceiling supported by a masonry vault demonstrated its ability to withstand anticipated loads resulting from unconventional use as a temporary exhibition space. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Structural Health Monitoring of Historical Buildings)
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23 pages, 9109 KiB  
Article
Architectural, Constructional and Structural Analysis of a Historic School Building in the Municipality of Agia, Greece
by Vasiliki Pachta, Ioannis Malachtaris and Vasiliki Terzi
Heritage 2023, 6(1), 374-396; https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage6010020 - 31 Dec 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1531
Abstract
Historic school buildings, erected during the end of the 19th–beginning of the 20th century, represent a specific constructional type that should be encountered as part of the common European built heritage. They present various similarities, especially in the regions of S. Europe, even [...] Read more.
Historic school buildings, erected during the end of the 19th–beginning of the 20th century, represent a specific constructional type that should be encountered as part of the common European built heritage. They present various similarities, especially in the regions of S. Europe, even though they were mainly built with local materials following the traditional constructional principles of each area. Due to their constant function as educational units, there is an increased interest on their structural and energy integration, without, however, following the principles of restoration of historic structures. To this extent, the acknowledgement of the tangible and intangible values they encompass is crucial, as well as their enlistment in order to be treated as heritage assets. In this study, an effort has been made to testify the characteristics (historic, architectural, constructional) of the historic school buildings located in the Municipality of Agia, region of Thessaly, central Greece. A case study was selected, concerning the old elementary school of Megalovrysso, where a detailed investigation was implemented, including onsite inspection, architectural overview, determination of constructional materials and types, investigation of the preservation state, as well as structural analysis through the three-dimensional finite element model. All research data were comparatively evaluated in order to determine the principles governing the construction of the studied school buildings and establish the significance of this unrecognized part of European built heritage that should be further assessed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Structural Health Monitoring of Historical Buildings)
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