The Role of Dietary Patterns and Health Consciousness in Healthcare

A special issue of Healthcare (ISSN 2227-9032). This special issue belongs to the section "Nutrition and Public Health".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2023) | Viewed by 3111

Special Issue Editors

Faculty of Medicine, Macau University of Science and Technology, Avenida Wai Long Taipa, Macau 999078, China
Interests: food science; analytical chemistry; nanotechnology
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong SAR, China
Interests: gut microbiome; gastrointestinal diseases; metagenomics

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Guest Editor
Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition and Health, Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China
Interests: nutritional epidemiology; digestive cancers; metabolic diseases

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,  

It is well known that different groups of people have diversified dietary patterns, which could lead to discrepancy in their health status including BMI, basal metabolism, microbiota, life expectancy and even mental status. Meanwhile, individual’s health consciousness can also influence their dietary pattern and health status, with consideration to the health education and health management people may receive. And healthcare is based on the prevention and control of disease occurrence and progression, as well as the enhancement of quality of life. It is also a comprehensive approach to ensure people's physical, mental, social health and general well-being. This special issue aims to provide a platform for researchers to share their work and thoughts on the role of dietary patterns and health consciousness in healthcare. Application of health management, intervention, especially those involved with dietary patterns, health consciousness, nutritional science, epidemiology, and public health are to be discussed.

We look forward to receiving your contributions on the above topics.

Dr. Xi Yu
Dr. Qin Liu
Dr. Aiping Fang
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Healthcare is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2700 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • dietary patterns
  • health consciousness
  • behavioral intervention
  • health promotion
  • health education
  • group characteristics

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

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11 pages, 263 KiB  
Article
Dietary Iodine Intake and Related Factors among Secondary School Students in Macao
by Cleandy Lei, Xiaoyu Tao and Ying Xiao
Healthcare 2023, 11(10), 1472; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare11101472 - 18 May 2023
Viewed by 886
Abstract
Iodine is a crucial micronutrient that is indispensable for optimal physical growth and cognitive maturation. However, the dietary iodine intake status of Macao’s population is unknown. Therefore, a cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the dietary iodine intake of Macao secondary school students. [...] Read more.
Iodine is a crucial micronutrient that is indispensable for optimal physical growth and cognitive maturation. However, the dietary iodine intake status of Macao’s population is unknown. Therefore, a cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the dietary iodine intake of Macao secondary school students. Four hundred and twenty-four students filled in a self-developed, 61-item, iodine-specific food frequency questionnaire (I-FFQ). The dietary iodine intake was calculated based on the I-FFQ and food composition database. The median daily iodine intake of the students was 74.4 µg, which is lower than the 150 µg recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). The intake frequency of dried seaweed and kelp was also low, with 49.3% and 64.2% of students consuming these foods infrequently over a month. In conclusion, the dietary iodine intake of secondary school students in Macao was inadequate. It is recommended that individuals should take the initiative to gain iodine-related knowledge. Students are advised to eat a variety of iodine-rich foods, such as seaweed and seafood, as part of a healthy, balanced diet to ensure sufficient iodine intake. Furthermore, it will be necessary to measure urinary iodine for the iodine status assessment of the Macao population in future. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role of Dietary Patterns and Health Consciousness in Healthcare)

Review

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12 pages, 655 KiB  
Review
Recent Evidence on Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Exposure
by Xiaohan Zhao, Jiuhe Gao, Lingzi Zhai, Xi Yu and Ying Xiao
Healthcare 2023, 11(13), 1958; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare11131958 - 7 Jul 2023
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 1448
Abstract
This review provides a comprehensive conclusion of the relationship between the intake of various polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and different dietary patterns, pointing to the accompanying potential health risks. To achieve this, existing pertinent research was collected and analyzed. The collation revealed that [...] Read more.
This review provides a comprehensive conclusion of the relationship between the intake of various polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and different dietary patterns, pointing to the accompanying potential health risks. To achieve this, existing pertinent research was collected and analyzed. The collation revealed that the concentration of PAHs in food and their dietary patterns were diverse in different regions. Specifically, the concentration of PAHs in food was found to be related to the level of pollution in the area, including soil, air, and water pollution, which is then accumulated through the food chain into food that can be ingested directly by the human body, resulting in malformations in offspring, increased risk of cancer, and gene mutation. Guidebooks and dietary surveys were consulted to uncover disparities in dietary patterns, which indicated regional variations in taste preferences, traditional foods, and eating habits. Different regions are spatially categorized in this assessment by cities, countries, and continents. Notably, smoking and grilling are two of the food processing methods most likely to produce high levels of PAHs. To prevent excessive intake of PAHs from food items and attain a higher quality of life, more health education is urgently needed to promote healthy eating patterns. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role of Dietary Patterns and Health Consciousness in Healthcare)
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