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Special Issue "Biodiversity Conservation in Managed Forests"

A special issue of Forests (ISSN 1999-4907). This special issue belongs to the section "Forest Ecology and Management".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 November 2019

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Todd Fredericksen

Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Ferrum College, Ferrum, VA 24088, USA
Website | E-Mail
Interests: Wildlife, Forestry, Forest Ecology, Silviculture, Biodiversity, Forest Regeneration

Special Issue Information

Forests are often managed for the supply of forest products such as timber, pulpwood, fuelwood, medicines, resins, and food. They are also managed for ecosystem services such as watershed protection, carbon sequestration, and airshed production. In addition, forests provide recreational opportunities and spiritual aspects that people value. Central to all these interests is forest biodiversity, the variety of life from genes to species and habitat types. Among terrestrial habitats, forests are the most biodiverse because of their structural heterogeneity and variety of available niches.

Management strategies often produce very different types of forests including protected areas for recreation and/or conservation of biodiversity, naturally regenerated native forests for wood production, monoculture plantations of native or exotic species for pulp or paper, and short-rotation biomass plantations. Regardless of objectives, forest managements are confronted by challenges ranging from increasing demand for forest products, land-use policies, invasive pests and pathogens, and climate change.

This Special Issue of Forests focuses on strategies to mitigate human pressures on managed forests with respect to maintenance of biological diversity. Manuscripts on any aspect of biological diversity conservation in managed forests are welcome, but of particular interest are manuscripts that offer strategies for maintaining biodiversity that do not significantly compromise the sustainable flow of forest products, ecosystem services, and recreational opportunities in managed forests.

Dr. Todd Fredericksen
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Forests is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • forests
  • conservation
  • biodiversity
  • forest ecology
  • forest management
  • wildlife
  • silviculture

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessArticle Exploring the Relationships between Key Ecological Indicators to Improve Natural Conservation Planning at Different Scales
Forests 2019, 10(1), 32; https://doi.org/10.3390/f10010032
Received: 16 November 2018 / Revised: 14 December 2018 / Accepted: 28 December 2018 / Published: 5 January 2019
PDF Full-text (1892 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text | Supplementary Files
Biodiversity, regulating ecosystem services (RES), and vegetation productivity are key indicators to instruct natural conservation planning. Decision makers often hope that ecosystems can be protected by focusing on certain key indicators, which requires an understanding of the relationships between the indicators. Using individual [...] Read more.
Biodiversity, regulating ecosystem services (RES), and vegetation productivity are key indicators to instruct natural conservation planning. Decision makers often hope that ecosystems can be protected by focusing on certain key indicators, which requires an understanding of the relationships between the indicators. Using individual case studies, many have argued that these indicators commonly have significant relationships. However, these relationships at different spatial scales are unclear. Therefore, in this study, biodiversity and ecosystem services are modelled by the ecological niche model, the universal soil loss equation, and the equation of water balance in two study areas at different scales. The influence of vegetation productivity on the spatial pattern of other ecological indicators in the two areas is examined by a spatial lag model. The contributions of the driving factors on biodiversity distribution at both scales are identified by a boosted regression tree (BRT) model. The results showed that at the fine scale, the spatial correlations were strongest for species richness, especially mammalian species richness, and water retention. However, biodiversity had no significant relationship with vegetation productivity. In contrast, at a coarser scale, the correlation was stronger between plant diversity and regulating ecosystem services. In addition, plant diversity was significantly correlated with vegetation productivity. These differences between scales were controlled by various explanatory variables. At the fine scale, biophysical and climatic factors had the strongest effects on biodiversity distribution, while Net Primary Productivity (NPP) and ecoregion also had relatively high influences on biodiversity at the coarse scale. This demonstrates the critical importance of spatial scale in selecting conservation indicators. We suggest that rare mammalian species richness or flagship mammal species are suitable as conservation surrogates in fine-scale conservation planning. However, at a coarser scale, selecting vegetation patches with more rare plant species and high productivity for each ecoregion is a workable alternative method for conservation planning. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodiversity Conservation in Managed Forests)

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