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Special Issue "Clean Fuels in Low Temperature Combustion"

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "Energy and Environment".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (28 February 2019)

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Seong-Young Lee

Mechanical Engineering – Engineering Mechanics, Michigan Tech University, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
Website | E-Mail
Guest Editor
Prof. Li Qiao

School of Aeronautics & Astronautics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
Website | E-Mail

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The concept of Low Temperature Combustion (LTC) has been suggested to reduce emissions such as particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) and improve combustion efficiency in combustion engines. Currently LTC is advancing the combustion strategies toward its application to high-pressure and low-temperature (below 1000 K) environment. However, the challenge is that combustion under low-temperature surrounding gases potentially create unstable ignition and flame propagation. This special issue is aimed to publish high-quality research papers and review articles that address recent development and discoveries on characterizing liquid and/or gaseous fuel spray and combustion under low temperature environment. Both experimental and numerical works on improving the understanding of chemistry, fuel injection process, fuel impingement, mixing rate and fuel autoignition are welcome.

Potential topics include but are not limited to the following:

  • Novel strategies of spray combustion under low temperature combustion
  • Fuel chemistry under low temperature regime
  • Fuel injection mechanisms for internal combustion engines, gas turbines, and rocket engines
  • Liquid fuel spray autoignition and combustion
  • Gaseous fuel jet characterization
  • Emission formation and reduction
  • Multicomponent fuel combustion (including surrogate fuels)
  • Chemical kinetics modeling 
  • Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI)
  • Low-temperature, high-pressure combustion experiments

Prof. Seong-Young Lee
Prof. Li Qiao
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Catalytic Oxidation of Synthesis Gas on Platinum at Low Temperatures for Power Generation Applications
Energies 2018, 11(6), 1575; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11061575
Received: 19 May 2018 / Revised: 11 June 2018 / Accepted: 14 June 2018 / Published: 15 June 2018
PDF Full-text (3282 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
This paper addresses the issues related to the low-temperature catalytic oxidation of synthesis gas at high pressures under lean-burn conditions. The purpose of this study is to explore the mechanism responsible for the interplay between carbon monoxide and hydrogen during their combined oxidation [...] Read more.
This paper addresses the issues related to the low-temperature catalytic oxidation of synthesis gas at high pressures under lean-burn conditions. The purpose of this study is to explore the mechanism responsible for the interplay between carbon monoxide and hydrogen during their combined oxidation process. Particular attention is given to the temperature range from 500 to 770 K, which is relevant to the catalyst inlet temperature encountered in catalytic combustion gas turbine systems. Computational fluid dynamics simulations were performed by using a numerical model with detailed chemistry and transport. Reaction path analysis was conducted, and the rate-determining step in the reaction mechanism was finally identified. It was shown that there is a strong interplay between carbon monoxide and hydrogen during the combined oxidation process. The addition of hydrogen causes a great change in the adsorbed species on the surface of the catalyst. At temperatures as low as 600 K, the presence of hydrogen makes the active surface sites more available for adsorption, thus promoting the catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide. The coupling steps between the two components make a small contribution to the promoting effect. At temperatures below 520 K, the presence of hydrogen inhibits the catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide due to the competitive effect of hydrogen on oxygen adsorption. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clean Fuels in Low Temperature Combustion)
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