Special Issue "The Effects of Fire on Peatland Ecosystems"
A special issue of Diversity (ISSN 1424-2818).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 March 2019)
Prof. Dr. G. Matt Davies
School of Environment and Natural Resources, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA
Website | E-Mail
Interests: ecosystem restoration; fire behavior; fire ecology; multivariate statistics; peatland ecosystem management and restoration; soil science; vegetation community ecology; wildland fire management
Peatlands are globally significant ecosystems contributing vital ecosystem services, including regulation of catchment hydrology, provision of habitat for game and wildlife and resources for agriculture. Peatlands also store vast quantities of ancient carbon belowground and there is rightly concern over how this is affected by processes including climate change and land-use conversion. Peatlands in tundra, boreal, temperate and tropical regions regularly experience both natural and anthropogenic wildfires and the incidence and severity of these are projected to increase under a changing climate. Whilst some peatlands can show significant ecological and hydrological resilience to the impacts of wildfire, this can vary substantially across gradients of burn severity and pre-fire anthropogenic land-use. Severe peatland wildfires can release large quantities of carbon to the atmosphere from smouldering combustion, alter fluxes of gaseous and dissolved carbon, impact water quality and lead to long-term changes in community composition. Understanding how fire regimes (variation in the frequency, intensity, severity, seasonality and extent of fire, and its interaction with other disturbances) affect the structure and function of peatlands is critical for addressing their sustainable management and restoration, as well as potential feedbacks between climate change and peatland wildfire. This Special Issue focuses on how fire regimes impact the composition and diversity of peatland ecosystems. This focus ranges across spatial, temporal and ecological scales—from patches to landscapes, immediate impacts to long-term trends, and genes to communities. Papers focusing on microbial, plant and wildlife populations and communities are equally welcome, as are those that seek to link diversity and composition to fire-induced changes in ecosystem function.
Prof. Dr. G. Matt Davies
Manuscript Submission Information
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