Fish Diversity in the Red Sea

A special issue of Diversity (ISSN 1424-2818). This special issue belongs to the section "Marine Diversity".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 August 2024 | Viewed by 232

Special Issue Editors

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Guest Editor
Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum Frankfurt, Senckenberganlage 25, 60325 Frankfurt a.M., Germany
Interests: phylogeography, population genetics and taxonomy of fish of the Arabian Sea; Indo-Pacific

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Guest Editor
Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Interests: biodiversity, ecology and zoology of marine organisms; zoological monitoring projects epibenthos and endobenthos; focus areas North Sea; Eastern Central Atlantic and Red Sea

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Guest Editor
Museum Art Gallery of the Northern Territory, Melbourne, Australia
Interests: management; marine ecology; fisheries science; natural history; zoology; ichthyology; endangered species; distribution; conservation; marine biodiversity

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The Red Sea, in its present-day appearance with its only natural opening in the south (to the Indian Ocean), is a relatively young ecosystem but has experienced extraordinary environmental change due to periodic isolation related to Pleistocene sea-level changes. Environmental conditions in the Red Sea change drastically within a latitudinal range of 2000 kilometers, especially with respect to declining salinity and increasing temperature and nutrient concentrations from North to South. The shallow connection to the Indian Ocean and warm deep-sea waters prevented colonization of the Red Sea by primary deep-sea fishes, and a unique secondary deep-sea fish fauna evolved. Notwithstanding, or because of its distinctive features, the Red Sea—with more than 1200 fish species recorded—harbors the most diverse fish fauna of any of the world’s peripheral seas.

The diversity of fishes in the Red Sea, particularly those associated with coral reefs, has fascinated researchers and laypersons for more than two centuries. In the course of continued studies, the taxonomic status of many species has been subject to repeated change since fish species were first described. Many species found in the Red Sea have subsequently been placed in synonymy of Indo-Pacific congeners, resulting in a decrease in the recognized numbers of endemics. Only in recent years, as a consequence of intensified research efforts and by application of integrative taxonomic approaches, has a much higher degree of endemism become apparent. Studies on the phylogeography of Red Sea fishes, population genetics and their evolutionary genomics have shed light on evolutionary processes fundamental to our understanding of the unique present-day Red Sea fish fauna. This Special Issue will present a variety of studies on Red Sea fishes, including their taxonomy, phylogeography and evolutionary genetics, and manuscripts on a broad range of ichthyological research are invited.

Dr. Tilman J. Alpermann
Dr. Moritz Sonnewald
Dr. Barry Russell
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Diversity is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • ichthyological exploration
  • integrative taxonomy
  • phylogeography
  • population genetics
  • evolutionary genomics
  • community dynamics
  • ecological adaptations
  • conservation and management

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission.
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