Special Issue "Smart Electro-Catalysts for Fuel Cells Sustainable Development"

A special issue of Catalysts (ISSN 2073-4344). This special issue belongs to the section "Electrocatalysis".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 November 2020).

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Zahir Dehouche
Website
Guest Editor
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, College of Engineering, Design and Physical Sciences Institute of Energy Futures, Brunel University London, Howell Building Room HWLL-128, Uxbridge, Middlesex UB8 3PH, UK
Interests: Energy storage, Regenerative fuel cell technology, electro-catalyst nanocomposites for fuel cells, Nanostructured metal hydride composites for solid-state hydrogen storage, hydrides and catalysts cycling stability, Sustainable and renewable energy systems design, waste-to-energy systems, fuel cell CHP in the built environment, CFD modelling of transport phenomena, design of advanced sorption hydrogen titration/cycling apparatus, fuel cell test stations and hydride-based H2-sorption vessels, modelling/simulation of integrated thermodynamic systems
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In the current conjuncture of clean energy sources diversification, energy security issues and the current political drive to reduce carbon emissions, fuel cell energy systems are critical in a distributed energy development structure and offer a credible and flexible solution for economic and environmental sustainability. Cost-effective electro-catalysts with high sorption reactivity and stability are currently the most demanded subject for innovative research and the main technological obstacle for fuel cell power sources to becoming an attractive and competitive alternative.

The aim of this Special Issue is to look at recent progress and trends in fuel cell research with respect to the design and synthesis of enhanced catalyst materials, structure-property, and nano-porous high surface area substrate to increase transport/kinetics properties, energy conversion performance, and durability of fuel cells. Areas of interest range from fundamental research and advanced in-situ catalyst characterization studies to the development of new nanostructured redox catalysts and growth formulations and computer modelling.

Dr. Zahir Dehouche
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Catalysts is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Fuel cell power sources
  • 3D-alloy catalysts
  • low-/non-precious metal electrocatalyst
  • nano-porous substrates
  • graphene-supported catalysts
  • electro-catalytic activity degradation mechanisms and stability
  • functional catalyst
  • neutron scattering for catalysts structural characterisations

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Development of a Novel Method for the Fabrication of Nanostructured Zr(x)Ni(y) Catalyst to Enhance the Desorption Properties of MgH2
Catalysts 2020, 10(8), 849; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10080849 - 30 Jul 2020
Abstract
The present work involves the development of a novel method for the fabrication of zirconium nickel (Zr(x)Ni(y)) alloy used as a nanocatalyst to improve the hydrogen storage properties of the Mg/MgH2 system. The catalyst was fabricated through the [...] Read more.
The present work involves the development of a novel method for the fabrication of zirconium nickel (Zr(x)Ni(y)) alloy used as a nanocatalyst to improve the hydrogen storage properties of the Mg/MgH2 system. The catalyst was fabricated through the high-pressure reactor and activated under hydrogen prior to being mechanically milled with the MgH2 for 5 h under argon. The microstructure characterisation of the samples was determined via SEM-EDX (scanning electron microscope analysis–energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy), XRD (X-ray diffraction) and FE-HRTEM (field emission high resolution transmission electron microscopy), and the desorption characteristic of the nanocomposite (10 wt.% Zr(x)Ni(y)–MgH2) was determined via TPD (temperature-programmed desorption). The nanostructured MgH2 powder milled with 10 wt.% of the activated Zr(x)Ni(y) based nanocatalyst resulted in a faster hydrogen release—5.9 H2-wt.% at onset temperature 210 °C/peak temperature 232 °C. The observed significant improvement in the hydrogen desorption properties was likely to be the result of the impact of the highly dispersed catalyst on the surface of the Mg/MgH2 system, the reduction in particle size during the ball milling process and/or the formation of Mg0.996Zr0.004 phase during the milling process. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Electro-Catalysts for Fuel Cells Sustainable Development)
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