Special Issue "Particulate Matters Emission in Poland"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 September 2020).
Interests: air pollution; indoor air quality; particulate matter; mercury; PAHs; chemical element; health risk assessment; air pollution modeling; meteorological conditions
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2. Institute of Environmental Engineering of Polish Academy of Sciences, 34 M. Sklodowskiej-Curie St., 41-819 Zabrze, Poland
Interests: aerosol chemistry and physics; particulate matter; air pollution modeling; exposure assessment; risk analysis; environmental statistics; indoor air quality; PM and fires; fire safety engineering; polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; toxic elements
Poland is said to be outstanding in respect of both emission and concentration of particulate matter (PM) and gaseous precursors of PM. Similar to other European regions, the PM concentration in ambient air over Poland is determined by transport and industrial and energy production, to a large extent. As shown by research in the last decade, the energy sector has contributed to increase the PM concentration over the regions of Poland more than in other developed European countries. Energy production, that is based mainly on hard and brown coal, is the source not only of PM but also of its gaseous precursors, mainly selected organic compounds such as sulfur and nitrogen oxides as well as ammonia. A particular problem in Poland is represented by the so-called municipal emissions, especially in the suburbs and in the centers of southern cities. It is related to coal combustion in small, low-efficiency household furnaces. Taking into account the fact that the air is not subject to any limits, it becomes clear that the above-mentioned problem is truly local to a degree but pertains to the whole continent as well. The air pollution emitted in Poland, especially the persistent one, is freely spread to other regions, contributing to their contamination. Therefore, it is essential to monitor the quantity and the quality of PM and of its gaseous precursors emitted over Poland, as well as the effects of their emission.
This Special Issue aims at gathering the available information on:
- PM sources in Poland;
- qualitative and quantitative analysis of the emitted PM and gaseous pollutants;
- the environmental impacts related to the emission of PM and gaseous pollutants (also on human health) on a local and a global scale;
-short- and long-range transport of emitted pollutants in the environment (including source, air, soil, water migration);
- technical, legal, and economic aspects of limiting PM emission in Poland.
We cordially invite you to submit research findings regarding not only Poland but also the rest of the world. We believe that experience in the field of PM emissions, including their effects and their potential reduction, resulting from the research of authors from other countries will enrich this Special Issue with valuable material for a wide range of readers. Therefore, regardless of the title of this Special Issue, we hope that we will be able to include papers devoted to similar problems of PM emissions as those faced by Poland, regarding other countries. In particular, the focus is on the following problems (and how to solve them):
- Municipal emissions in the sense of local heating of houses and flats through inefficient combustion of low-quality fuels or even garbage,
- Emissions related to road transport, especially in the centers of large cities,
- Short- and long-term smog episodes in periods of increased PM emissions and gaseous precursors of PM.
We also invite researchers to discuss or numerically describe the global effects of PM emissions in Poland. Finally, we invite submissions from everyone who deals with the issue of balancing and forecasting emissions, especially concerning the assessment of PM derived from the transformation of gaseous precursors and the assessment of the amount of priority substances emitted into the air, such as selected persistent organic pollutants and toxic metals (including mercury).
Prof. Dr. Grzegorz Majewski
Prof. Dr. Wioletta Rogula-Kozłowska
Manuscript Submission Information
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- Particulate matter/atmospheric aerosol sources and PM source apportionment
- Mass/number size distribution and chemical composition of PM from various sources
- Primary and secondary aerosol and gaseous precursors of PM
- Soot and organic/elemental carbon in exhaust and flue gases, fly ash, slug, bottom ash, dusts
- Toxic metals release (i.e., mercury, lead, cadmium, nickel, arsenic)
- Persistent organic pollutants emission and monitoring (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons)
- Fossil fuels, natural gas, gasoline, crude oil, power and heating plant, domestic stoves/furnace
- Biomass burning, exhaust and non-exhaust traffic emission, emission from road, air, marine and rail transport
- Forest fires, waste burning and incineration
- Technical methods in air treatment, biogas, biofuels, biofiltration
- Environmental regulation, policies and trends
- Long-range transport of air pollutants
- Regional and global air quality modelling