Special Issue "Particulate Matters Emission in Poland"

A special issue of Atmosphere (ISSN 2073-4433). This special issue belongs to the section "Air Quality".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 September 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Grzegorz Majewski
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Nowoursynowska 166 St., 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
Interests: air pollution; indoor air quality; particulate matter; mercury; PAHs; chemical element; health risk assessment; air pollution modeling; meteorological conditions
Prof. Dr. Wioletta Rogula-Kozłowska
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
1. The Main School of Fire Service, Faculty of Fire Safety Engineering, 52/54 Słowackiego St., 01-629 Warsaw, Poland;
2. Institute of Environmental Engineering of Polish Academy of Sciences, 34 M. Sklodowskiej-Curie St., 41-819 Zabrze, Poland
Interests: aerosol chemistry and physics; particulate matter; air pollution modeling; exposure assessment; risk analysis; environmental statistics; indoor air quality; PM and fires; fire safety engineering; polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; toxic elements

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Poland is said to be outstanding in respect of both emission and concentration of particulate matter (PM) and gaseous precursors of PM. Similar to other European regions, the PM concentration in ambient air over Poland is determined by transport and industrial and energy production, to a large extent. As shown by research in the last decade, the energy sector has contributed to increase the PM concentration over the regions of Poland more than in other developed European countries. Energy production, that is based mainly on hard and brown coal, is the source not only of PM but also of its gaseous precursors, mainly selected organic compounds such as sulfur and nitrogen oxides as well as ammonia. A particular problem in Poland is represented by the so-called municipal emissions, especially in the suburbs and in the centers of southern cities. It is related to coal combustion in small, low-efficiency household furnaces. Taking into account the fact that the air is not subject to any limits, it becomes clear that the above-mentioned problem is truly local to a degree but pertains to the whole continent as well. The air pollution emitted in Poland, especially the persistent one, is freely spread to other regions, contributing to their contamination. Therefore, it is essential to monitor the quantity and the quality of PM and of its gaseous precursors emitted over Poland, as well as the effects of their emission.

This Special Issue aims at gathering the available information on:

- PM sources in Poland;

- qualitative and quantitative analysis of the emitted PM and gaseous pollutants;

- the environmental impacts related to the emission of PM and gaseous pollutants (also on human health) on a local and a global scale;

-short- and long-range transport of emitted pollutants in the environment (including source, air, soil, water migration);

- technical, legal, and economic aspects of limiting PM emission in Poland.

We cordially invite you to submit research findings regarding not only Poland but also the rest of the world. We believe that experience in the field of PM emissions, including their effects and their potential reduction, resulting from the research of authors from other countries will enrich this Special Issue with valuable material for a wide range of readers. Therefore, regardless of the title of this Special Issue, we hope that we will be able to include papers devoted to similar problems of PM emissions as those faced by Poland, regarding other countries. In particular, the focus is on the following problems (and how to solve them):
- Municipal emissions in the sense of local heating of houses and flats through inefficient combustion of low-quality fuels or even garbage,

- Emissions related to road transport, especially in the centers of large cities,

- Short- and long-term smog episodes in periods of increased PM emissions and gaseous precursors of PM.

We also invite researchers to discuss or numerically describe the global effects of PM emissions in Poland. Finally, we invite submissions from everyone who deals with the issue of balancing and forecasting emissions, especially concerning the assessment of PM derived from the transformation of gaseous precursors and the assessment of the amount of priority substances emitted into the air, such as selected persistent organic pollutants and toxic metals (including mercury).

Prof. Dr. Grzegorz Majewski
Prof. Dr. Wioletta Rogula-Kozłowska
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Atmosphere is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Particulate matter/atmospheric aerosol sources and PM source apportionment
  • Mass/number size distribution and chemical composition of PM from various sources
  • Primary and secondary aerosol and gaseous precursors of PM
  • Soot and organic/elemental carbon in exhaust and flue gases, fly ash, slug, bottom ash, dusts
  • Toxic metals release (i.e., mercury, lead, cadmium, nickel, arsenic)
  • Persistent organic pollutants emission and monitoring (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons)
  • Fossil fuels, natural gas, gasoline, crude oil, power and heating plant, domestic stoves/furnace
  • Biomass burning, exhaust and non-exhaust traffic emission, emission from road, air, marine and rail transport
  • Forest fires, waste burning and incineration
  • Technical methods in air treatment, biogas, biofuels, biofiltration
  • Environmental regulation, policies and trends
  • Long-range transport of air pollutants
  • Regional and global air quality modelling

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Selected Metals in Urban Road Dust: Upper and Lower Silesia Case Study
Atmosphere 2020, 11(3), 290; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11030290 - 16 Mar 2020
Abstract
In this study, urban road dust (URD) samples were collected in two populated agglomerations of Wrocław and Katowice (Lower and Upper Silesia) in Poland. Both the total concentrations of URD-bound Mn, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Rb, Ba, Cr, Mg, and Al and concentrations [...] Read more.
In this study, urban road dust (URD) samples were collected in two populated agglomerations of Wrocław and Katowice (Lower and Upper Silesia) in Poland. Both the total concentrations of URD-bound Mn, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Rb, Ba, Cr, Mg, and Al and concentrations of their water-soluble fraction were determined. The contamination characteristics and health risk related to these elements were assessed. Contamination level assessment was done by Pollution Load Index (PLI), which indicated much higher pollution of Katowice agglomeration than Wrocław. The enrichment factor values (EF) showed that the most elements in both Katowice and Wrocław orginated from anthropogenic sources. The calculations of geo-accumulation index (Igeo) showed that Zn and As are the key pollutants in Katowice; and in the Wrocław region, Cu, Zn, Cr, and Ni are. The principle component analysis (PCA) and correlation analysis provide information about the potential sources of metals. Additionally, a positive matrix factorization (PMF) was performed and four factors in PMF analysis were found and then interpreted by comparing to the source profiles. Three contamination sources were revealed: fossil fuel combustion, road traffic and industrial emissions. Although the main source of studied metals in Lower Silesia is road traffic, in Upper Silesia, domestic heating with the use of hard and brawn coal and industrial activity predominates. Human exposure to individual toxic metals through road dust was assessed for both children and adults. By calculating the average daily dose (ADD) via ingestion, inhalation, and dermal contact, it was found that ingestion and then dermal contact were the greatest exposure pathways for humans in Katowice and Wrocław. Children had greater health risks than adults. According to the health risk assessment, the overall non-carcinogenic risks in both urban areas was rather low. The only exception was As bound to urban road dust in Katowice agglomeration, which indicates risk for children when ingested. The total excess cancer risk (ECR) was also lower than the acceptable level (10−6–10−4) for both adults and children, although ECR for Katowice was closer to this limit. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Particulate Matters Emission in Poland)
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