Special Issue "Paleoclimate and Its Connection with Future Climate Change"

A special issue of Atmosphere (ISSN 2073-4433). This special issue belongs to the section "Climatology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 October 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Oliver Elison Timm
Guest Editor
Associate Professor, Department of Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, State University of New York at Albany, Albany, New York, USA
Interests: Climate variability; paleoclimate dynamics; paleoclimate reconstruction; climate change; regional downscaling; emerging infectious diseases
Prof. Dr. Chuixiang Yi
Website SciProfiles
Guest Editor
Queens College, City University of New York, Flushing, NY 11367, USA
Interests: forest resilience; tipping point; extreme climates; nonlinear system theory; dendroclimatology; carbon cycle; atmosphere–biosphere interactions; abrupt climate transition
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Daoyi Gong
Guest Editor
Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
Interests: Climate variability; impacts of climate change; historical climate; climate teleconnections
Dr. Sri Yudawati Cahyarini
Guest Editor
Research Centre for Geotechnology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Bandung 40135, Indonesia
Interests: paleoclimate; paleooceanography; paleoenvironment using geological archives (especially coral geochemical proxy Sr/Ca and d18O)

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

As confidence is growing in our physical understanding of cause–effect relations within the Earth system, there remains a pressing need to expand our view of past climatic changes in order to increase confidence in the projected climate change scenarios. The rate at which our current climate system is moving further out of the observed range of variability is without precedence in the instrumental period. Facing uncharted future territory, scientists have long explored information from past climates to study a wider dynamic range of climate variability. In this Special Issue, we invite the scientific community to highlight their progress and advances made in connecting paleoclimate research with the fundamental scientific questions concerning future climate change, such as: How can paleoclimate help to reduce uncertainty in climate sensitivity estimates? What scaling laws are govern natural climate variability on interannual to millennial timescales? What can we learn from past climate reconstructions about changes in the natural modes of variability in response to external forcing?  Can we predict future abrupt climate change based on paleoclimatic event histories? We call for contributions to this Special Issue that highlight advances in proxy system modeling, reconstructions of past climates, data assimilation of proxy records, or machine-learning-based paleoclimate analysis methods, as well as detection and attribution methods or dynamical system analyses in the context of paleoclimate applications.

Dr. Oliver Elison Timm
Prof. Chuixiang Yi
Prof. Daoyi Gong
Dr. Sri Yudawati Cahyarini
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • climate sensitivity;
  • natural variability;
  • climate models;
  • nonlinear dynamics;
  • feedback analysis;
  • glacial–interglacial cycles;
  • proxy archives;
  • proxy system modeling;
  • external forcing;
  • detection and attribution;
  • statistics;
  • machine learning;
  • data assimilation.

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessArticle
Last Deglaciation—Holocene Australian-Indonesian Monsoon Rainfall Changes Off Southwest Sumba, Indonesia
Atmosphere 2020, 11(9), 932; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11090932 - 31 Aug 2020
Previous studies suggested the multi-millennial scale changes of Australian-Indonesian monsoon (AIM) rainfall, but little is known about their mechanism. Here, AIM rainfall changes since the Last Deglaciation (~18 ka BP) are inferred from geochemical elemental ratios (terrigenous input) and palynological proxies (pollen and [...] Read more.
Previous studies suggested the multi-millennial scale changes of Australian-Indonesian monsoon (AIM) rainfall, but little is known about their mechanism. Here, AIM rainfall changes since the Last Deglaciation (~18 ka BP) are inferred from geochemical elemental ratios (terrigenous input) and palynological proxies (pollen and spores). Pollen and spores indicate drier Last Deglaciation (before ~11 ka BP) and wetter Holocene climates (after ~11 ka BP). Terrigenous input proxies infer three drier periods (i.e., before ~17, ~15–13.5, and 7–3 ka BP) and three wetter periods (i.e., ~17–15, ~13.5–7, and after ~3 ka BP) which represent the Australian-Indonesian summer monsoon (AISM) rainfall changes. Pollen and spores were highly responsive to temperature changes and showed less sensitivity to rainfall changes due to their wider source area, indicating their incompatibility as rainfall proxy. During the Last Deglaciation, AISM rainfall responded to high latitude climatic events related to the latitudinal shifts of the austral summer ITCZ. Sea level rise, solar activity, and orbitally-induced insolation were most likely the primary driver of AISM rainfall changes during the Holocene, but the driving mechanisms behind the latitudinal shifts of the austral summer ITCZ during this period are not yet understood. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Paleoclimate and Its Connection with Future Climate Change)
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