Research on Air Pollution and Human Exposures

A special issue of Atmosphere (ISSN 2073-4433). This special issue belongs to the section "Air Quality and Human Health".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2024 | Viewed by 1382

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Institute of Analysis and Testing, Beijing Academy of Science and Technology, Beijing 100089, China
Interests: air quality; heavy metals; dust storm; toxicology
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Guest Editor
College of Ecology and Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
Interests: air pollution; health effects; oxidative potential; climate change
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Target 3.9 of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aims to significantly reduce the number of deaths and diseases caused by exposure to air, water, and soil pollution. It is estimated that 3.3 million premature deaths can be attributed to exposure to outdoor air pollution, which includes the impacts of anthropogenic sources and natural sources. In addition, air pollution originating from energy use has been found to contribute to a warming climate, leading to an increase in extreme heat and weather events (e.g., floods and droughts), and reductions in agricultural production.

There is strong and consistent epidemiologic evidence that exposure to air pollution is associated with an increased incidence of cardiovascular disease and related mortality. There are several hypothesized biological mechanisms by which exposure to air pollution may result in cardiopulmonary diseases. Systemic inflammation has been found to be likely a crucial mediator. Prior findings from epidemiologic studies have suggested that air pollution from diverse sources differentially contributes to adverse health outcomes across a range of settings.

The purpose of this Special Issue in Atmosphere is to provide an overview of recent “Research on Air Pollution and Human Exposures”. We are pleased to invite you to submit original papers, reviews, and short communications that focus on the association between air pollution and adverse health outcomes across a range of settings.

The scope of this Special Issue includes, but is not limited to, the following topics:

  • air pollution;
  • environmental epidemiology;
  • toxicology;
  • risk assessment and risk management;
  • environmental chemistry;
  • other related topics.

We look forward to receiving your contributions.

Prof. Dr. Yanju Liu
Dr. Qingyang Liu
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Atmosphere is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • air quality
  • particulate matter
  • indoor air quality
  • emission inventory and monitoring
  • health effects
  • environmental epidemiology
  • toxicology
  • risk assessment
  • risk management
  • source apportionment

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

12 pages, 1164 KiB  
Article
Levels of Dry Deposition Submicron Black Carbon on Plant Leaves and the Associated Oxidative Potential
by Ying Xu and Qingyang Liu
Atmosphere 2024, 15(1), 127; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos15010127 - 20 Jan 2024
Viewed by 1003
Abstract
There is a need for monitoring air pollution associated with black carbon (BC) using a passive monitor is required in remote areas where the measurements are absent. In this pilot study, we developed a quantitative method to determine dry deposition submicron BC using [...] Read more.
There is a need for monitoring air pollution associated with black carbon (BC) using a passive monitor is required in remote areas where the measurements are absent. In this pilot study, we developed a quantitative method to determine dry deposition submicron BC using dual-wavelength ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy. Furthermore, we measured the levels of dry deposition BC on plant leaves from 30 plant species located in urban Nanjing using the established method. The oxidative potential of BC on plant leaves as passive bio-monitoring samplers was assessed. The concentrations of black carbon (BC) on tree leaves varied from 0.01 to 1.6 mg m−2. Significant differences in levels of BC across leaves from different tree types were observed. The values of oxidative potential in deposited particles of leaf samples were observed to be in the range of 33–46 nmol min−1 mg−1 using the dithiothreitol (DTT) assay and 18–32 nmol min−1 mg−1 using the ascorbic acid (AA) assay, respectively. In comparison, the oxidative potential of BC-dominated mass in water extracts of leaf samples was in the range of 5–35 nmol min−1 mg−1 measured using the DTT assay and 2 to 12 nmol min−1 mg−1 using the AA assay, respectively. We found variations in the levels of OP across the leaves of different tree types were not large, while the levels of OP in terms of BC-dominated mass varied greatly. These results indicate that the established method with dual-wavelength ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy could provide a simple tool to determine submicron BC in plant leaves of the passive monitor. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Research on Air Pollution and Human Exposures)
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