Special Issue "Volcano Monitoring: From the Magma Reservoir to Eruptive Processes"

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Earth Sciences and Geography".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 December 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. François Beauducel
Website
Guest Editor
(1) Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, Université de Paris – 1 rue Jussieu 75005 Paris – France;
(2) Institut de Recherche pour le Développement – BPPTKG Jalan Cendana 15 Yogyakarta 55166 – Indonesia
Interests: geophysics; volcanology; volcano geodesy; volcano monitoring; multidisciplinary integration tools
Dr. Andrea L. Rizzo
Website SciProfiles
Co-Guest Editor
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Sezione di Palermo, Via Ugo La Malfa, 153, 90146 Palermo, Italy
Interests: isotope geochemistry (mainly light noble gas and CO2) in gases, waters, minerals/rocks (fluid inclusions) from volcanic/geothermal areas and lithospheric mantle; application of isotope geochemistry to volcano monitoring

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Volcano observatories face continuous evolution of instrumental sensitivity and dynamic range, ground-based network increasing density, increasing remote sensing frequency and resolution, and real-time data processing efficiency. This has direct implications on a better monitoring and improved eruption forecasting. The next challenge is now certainly focused on data interpretation and modeling, i.e., how to use real-time monitoring observations to estimate quantitative physical parameters that describe the internal processes associated to an unrest or an eruption.

Seismology, geodesy, and geochemistry techniques available in volcano observatories all have the capability, through simple or complex modeling, to constrain some basic characteristics of the magma reservoir, plumbing system or volcanic fluid dynamics like volumes, density, pressure, temperature or gas content. These parameters are crucial to obtain in near real-time for efficient eruption forecasting.

This Special Issue of Applied Sciences, “Volcano Monitoring: From the Magma Reservoir to Eruptive Processes”, is intended for a wide and interdisciplinary audience and covers recent advances in:

- Volcano geophysics (edifice tomography and mechanics, plumbing system, fluid dynamics) from seismology, geodesy, gravimetry, electromagnetic, and other methods;

- Volcano geochemistry (magma reservoir, pressure, temperature and content, gas flux);

- Volcano physics (edifice instability and flow simulations);

- Multidisciplinary modeling of volcanic systems;

- Integrated monitoring tools.

Prof. Dr. François Beauducel
Dr. Andrea Luca Rizzo
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Applied Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Volcano monitoring
  • Volcano seismology
  • Volcano geodesy
  • Volcano geochemistry
  • Eruption forecasting
  • Eruptive precursors

Published Papers (1 paper)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
Changes in CO2 Soil Degassing Style as a Possible Precursor to Volcanic Activity: The 2019 Case of Stromboli Paroxysmal Eruptions
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(14), 4757; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10144757 - 10 Jul 2020
Abstract
Paroxysmal explosions are some of the most spectacular evidence of volcanism on Earth and are triggered by the rapid ascent of volatile-rich magma. These explosions often occur in persistently erupting basaltic volcanoes located in subduction zones and represent a major hazard due to [...] Read more.
Paroxysmal explosions are some of the most spectacular evidence of volcanism on Earth and are triggered by the rapid ascent of volatile-rich magma. These explosions often occur in persistently erupting basaltic volcanoes located in subduction zones and represent a major hazard due to the sudden occurrence and wide impact on the neighboring populations. However, the recognition of signals that forecast these blasts remains challenging even in the best-monitored volcanoes. Here, we present the results of the regular monitoring of soil CO2 flux from a fumarole field at the summit of Stromboli (Italy), highlighting that the 2016–2019 period was characterized by two important phases of strong increases of volatile output rate degassing (24 g m2 d−2 and 32 g m2 d−2, respectively) and moreover by significant changes in the degassing style few months before the last paroxysmal explosions occurred in the summer 2019 (3 July and 28 August). Establish that the deep portions of a volcano plumbing system are refilled by new volatiles-rich magma intruding from the mantle is therefore a key factor for forecasting eruptions and helping in recognizing possible precursors of paroxysmal explosions and could be highlighted by the monitoring of soil CO2 flux. The abrupt increase of degassing rate coupled with the strong increase of fluctuating signal (daily natural deviation) recorded during 2019 at Stromboli could be the key to predicting the occurrence of paroxysmal events. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Volcano Monitoring: From the Magma Reservoir to Eruptive Processes)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Back to TopTop