Soil Remediation: Current Development and Future Prospects

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Chemical and Molecular Sciences".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 May 2024 | Viewed by 2439

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
Associate Professor, Department of Environmental Engineering and Management, “Cristofor Simionescu” Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Protection, “Gheorghe Asachi” Technical University of Iasi, 700050 Iasi, Romania
Interests: environmental engineering and management; environmental chemistry (atmosphere, water, soil/subsoil chemistry); analysis and control of environment pollution; water and wastewater treatment systems; elements of environmental monitoring and/or risk control; optimization of some processes applied for environmental protection; environmental assessments; waste management; energy and the environment, chemical engineering
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

We would like to invite you to contribute with an original research paper or review article on a relevant hot topic to the Special Issue “Soil Remediation: Current Development and Future Prospects” of Applied Sciences,  for peer review and possible publication. 

As is already known, the management of soil quality and its remediation have become a key issue in the agriculture and environmental policy of all countries. One of such key targets is the fulfilment of adequate qualitative, or at best semi-quantitative, understanding of the fundamental chemical, physical and biological mechanisms involved in soil development and change. As a result, the soil specialists are actually already capable of making reliable mid- and long-term predictions of soil change rates in response to various external pressures (e.g., the effects of prolonged heavy cropping, consequences of changes in land use and management practices, response to climate change or atmospheric pollutant deposition loads, the introduction of microbial inocula, including genetically engineered microorganisms, the suitability of soils for disposal of sludges and other wastes, the kinetics of geochemical weathering rates and reactions under field conditions, processes right at the hub of soil change, the release of major and trace nutrient elements from soil minerals and upon the fate of the elements released, etc.).

It is recommended that the assessment and improvement of soil quality be continuously controlled for the identification any pollution episodes and, thereafter, the implementation of remediation action. The soil–plant–water system is very complex, and mapping it is essential, though it is very difficult to model and represent by simple equations (e.g., one or more black boxes); thus, great care is an obvious necessity if predictions are made outside the range over which the model was effectively calibrated.

However, soil plays a central role in both the plant growth and the regulation of drainage water quality, and the sustainability of soil management becomes a key issue not just in terms of high crop yields in short-term but also in terms of long-term conservation of ecosystem resources and selection of future land management practices.

For this Special Issue, we invite the submission of original unpublished research reports or review articles on soil quality improvement for different applications, soil pollution control and its subareas of new advanced soil analysis methods and associated soil characterization, soil pollution level assessment, supervising monitoring and remediation/depollution action implementation, soil management practices, and any other topics relevant to the theme.

Dr. Carmen Zaharia
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Applied Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • soil analysis and control
  • soil chemistry
  • soil remediation/depollution
  • soil fertility and cropping
  • nutrient and water drainage quality
  • soil management
  • land use change

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Review

21 pages, 1100 KiB  
Review
Bacteria in Soil: Promising Bioremediation Agents in Arid and Semi-Arid Environments for Cereal Growth Enhancement
by Abdelwahab Rai, Mohamed Belkacem, Imen Assadi, Jean-Claude Bollinger, Walid Elfalleh, Aymen Amine Assadi, Abdeltif Amrane and Lotfi Mouni
Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(22), 11567; https://doi.org/10.3390/app122211567 - 14 Nov 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2055
Abstract
In arid regions, starchy agricultural products such as wheat and rice provide essential carbohydrates, minerals, fibers and vitamins. However, drought, desiccation, high salinity, potentially toxic metals and hydrocarbon accumulation are among the most notable stresses affecting soil quality and cereal production in arid [...] Read more.
In arid regions, starchy agricultural products such as wheat and rice provide essential carbohydrates, minerals, fibers and vitamins. However, drought, desiccation, high salinity, potentially toxic metals and hydrocarbon accumulation are among the most notable stresses affecting soil quality and cereal production in arid environments. Certain soil bacteria, referred to as Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR), colonize the plant root environment, providing beneficial advantages for both soil and plants. Beyond their ability to improve plant growth under non-stressed conditions, PGPR can establish symbiotic and non-symbiotic interactions with plants growing under stress conditions, participating in soil bioremediation, stress alleviation and plant growth restoration. Moreover, the PGPR ability to fix nitrogen, to solubilize insoluble forms of nutrients and to produce other metabolites such as siderophores, phytohormones, antibiotics and hydrolytic enzymes makes them ecofriendly alternatives to the excessive use of unsuitable and cost-effective chemicals in agriculture. The most remarkable PGPR belong to the genera Arthrobacter, Azospirillum, Azotobacter, Bacillus, Enterobacter, Klebsiella, Pseudomonas, etc. Therefore, high cereal production in arid environments can be ensured using PGPR. Herein, the potential role of such bacteria in promoting wheat and rice production under both normal and derelict soils is reviewed and highlighted. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Soil Remediation: Current Development and Future Prospects)
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